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MP S rule out chance of Diana being Queen after admitting marriage is over 

Bitter Princess 
seals her fate 

ar $ 

;> fc 

4 *«. » % 


Pressure grew at Westminster Iasi 
night for the Prince and Princess of 
■ffralesto agree an early divorce Lo 
avoid further damage to the monar- 
chy in the wake of Iasi night’s BBC 
Panorama interview by Princess 

Conservative MPs, including min- 
isters, last night said that the Prime 
Minister's assurance that the 
Princess of Wales could become 
Queen was no longer tenable after 
her acceptance in the interview that 
the marriage was over. 

The controversial interview was 
broadcast following an unprece- 
dented security operation at BBC 
Television Centre, in west London, 
with only a handful of senior 
executive aware of its contents. 

Such was the secrecy surround- 
ing the project that three former Roy- 
al M arin es were detailed to guard the 
' door of the G3 studio in White City 
where the programme's titles and 
credits were being added. At Lhe end 
of last week the studio, which is nor- 
tdfnally open to all BBC- staff, was 
swept for bugging equipment in a bid 
lo bead ofit possible lenlcs — al- 
though in the event the only leaks 
of the content of the interview ap- 
pear to have come from the Princess 

Prince Charles, who watched the 
programme at his home, Higbgrove, 
in Gloucestershire, had earlier flown 
to Kensington Palace, although 
Buckingham Palace said he had not 
met his estranged wife. The palace 
said he had landed at the Princess's 
home because there was not space 
for everyone to land on the lawn at 
Buckingham Palace where the 
Queen gave a 60th-birthday lunch for 
King Hussein of Jordan. 

As the impact of the Panorama in- 
: terview began to sink in, senior 
backbenchers were outspoken in 

i heir contempt for the Princess: 
“Divorce: make her a Duchess and 
let her go lo California. If you 
lake the job you have 10 rake 
the package," said one source 
close to the Conservative Party 

The interview, which is thought 
to have been one of the most -viewed 
programmes ever shown by the 

the future King. The Prime Minis- 
ter lold MPs three years ago: “Then: 
is no reason why the Princess of 
Wales should nol be crowned queen 
in due course.” 

A former Tory whip said: “The 
idea lhe Princess of Wiles can be 
Queen is barmy. And the idea that 
the Prince of Wales can go to West- 
minster Abbey for the Coronation 

Charles and Camilla: Their relationship could stop him being king 

BBC, appears to have hardened 
views against her at Westminster. 
There is widespread scepticism over 
the assurances given by the Prime 
Minister when he announced to the 
Commons on 20 December 1992 
that Prince Charles and the Princess 
were separating after 11 years of 

There was total disbelief at the 
prospect of the Princess becoming 
Queen, dshc remains separated from 

with (Camilla] Parker-Bowles while 
the Princess turns up in a carriage 
with one of her men friends is 

Toby Jesse I, a Tbry member of the* 
Commons select committee on na- 
tional heritage, said: “I think divorce 
should lake place. Whether we wait 
12 months or two years is a matter 
of judgement. It should take place 
in the reasonably near future. Pub- 
lic opinion has now broadly, accepted 

that the marriage has irretrievably 
broken down." 

'Hie divorce was the main topic of 
gossip around the corridors and bars 
at Westminster hut views were di- 
vided liver whether Charles should 
remain heir, or whether it should pass 
straight lo Prince William. A former 
minister said: “Yes, there will be a 
divorce but it means that Charles is 

Constitutional experts said the 
Princess’s decision to go ahead with 
the interview without coasulting the 
Queen could lead to a full-scale con- 
stitutional dash. Dr John Barnes, a 
reader in government history at lhe 
London School of Economics, be- 
lieves that the way in which the au- 
thority of the Queen was ignored has 
brought the prospect of a republican 
United Kingdom nearer. 

“Quite simply. Diana is stating. 
‘I’m no longer playing the game the 
firm's way. And I’m not going to tell 
the firm what I'm doing,' " he said, 
adding that this amounted to “the 
end of the Princess of Wales play- 
ing by even die minimum of royal 

, Most MPs appear to hope that the 
Queen wiD withstand the controversy. 
Many reported that support for her, 
the Duke of Edinburgh and the 
Princess Royal remains high, in spite 
of a collapse of support in their con- 
stituencies for the rest of the Royal 
Family. Some Labour MPs believe 
the controversy should put the future 
of the Royal Family back on the po- 
litical agenda. Denis McShane, the 
Labour MP for Rotherham, called 
for a referendum on the Monarchy. 
He said it should be turned into a 
Scanchnavian-styie monarchy. 

Michael Brown, a Tory back- 
bencher, said: “I don’t think if they 
were divorced it would be end of die 
world. Most of my constituents are 
saying it is terrible situation and it 
is probably sensible to end iL” 

The Windsor war, page 3 
Leading article, page 16 

Out of the game: Princess Diana leaving her gym in London yesterday 

Photograph: Reuters 

1 - ’ 

US fights to save Bosnia peace talks 




~ j The Balkan peace talks went 
into a nail-biting extra time 
- V& yesterday, as negotiators 
■i-. T straggled to resolve crucial 
. territorial issues still Nocking an 

- . 1 overall settlement to the 43- 
• r> f month Bosnian civil war, the 
bloodiest and most destructive 
European conflict in half a 
- — * century. 

As the diplomatic world held 
its breath, US officials put off 
H £ lo an unspecified time an ear- 
i r*" lier deadline of a 10am EST 
(3pm GMT) “event" that would 
have been either a ceremony to 
initial a comprehensive peace 
. treaty, or an announcement 

* that the talks that began 20 days 

■ ago at a Midwestern air force 
l . base, had failed. 

As the hours slipped by, the 
omens” fluctuated wildly. A 
session which was to wrap 

tilings up on Sunday evening 
continued until 530am yester- 
day, amid alternating predic- 
tions of imminent agreement 
and irretrievable 'deadlock. 

After a five hour break, the 
discussions resumed, but with 
no word by early afternoon of 
when the “event'’ was to lake 

At the. secluded complex at 
the Wrigh t-Patterson US Air 
Force Base in Dayton, Ohio, 
where, the muiti-comered 
negotiations were ta k ing place, 
Warren Christopher, the Sec- 
retary of State, was shuttling 
between the delegations head- 
ed by Presidents Slobodan 
Milosevic of Serbia and Alija 
Izetbegovic of Bosnia, seeking 
to bridge outstanding differ- 
ences. Waiting in the wings was 
President Franjo Tudjman of 
Croatia who arrived yesterday 
from Zagreb, predicting that a 
deal would be struck. 

Presidents Milosevic (left) and tzetbegovic: Struggle to 
settle their last remaining differences 

In Washington, President Bill 
Clinton, who has promised 
20,000 US troops to help Nato 
police a settlement, was said to 
be ready to participate in per- 
son, “if that would help them gel 
an agreement", according to the 

White House spokesman, Mike 
McCuny. In New York, the UN 
Security Council was poised to 
lift economic sanctions imposed 
in 1992 against the Serbian 
ramp of former Yugoslavia, in 
the event of an accord. 

According to officials, two 
territorial disputes had caused 
the 1 1th hour bold-up: the cor- 
ridor to link Sarajevo with 
Gorazde, the last remaining 
Muslim enclave in Eastern 
Bosnia, and another in the 
north of Lhe country, to link 
Serb territory in western and 
eastern Bosnia, and which Lbe 
Serbs insist must be widened. 

At midmoming, Nick Burns, 
the State Department spokes- 
man who repeatedly stressed 
Washington's determination 
that the talks must end yester- 
day come what may, insisted the 
“event" would take place in the 
afternoon. But Balkan officials 
indicated Lfaat proceedings 
might continue for the rest of 
the day, amid some predictions 
that the bargaining would yield 
only a partial agreement, cov- 
ering constitutional issues, leav- 
ing the thorniest territorial 
problems to a later date. 

This would be a disappoint- 
ment for the Americans, whose 
relentless efforts to broker a set- 
tlement have been mainly 
responsible for this best, and 
perhaps last, chance of a nego- 
tiated end lo the war, though 
less of a blow than Lhe outright 
collapse of the talks at Dayton, 
or a cosmetic and bogus over- 
all agreement that could quick- 
ly Ml apart. 

A peace settlement would 
divide Bosnia into two separate 
“entities," controlled by the 
Croat- Muslim federation and 
the Bosnian Serb on a roughly 
51-49 basis, and linked by a 
weak central government 

The Muslim-led government 
is adamant that the outcome 
must not be partition by another 
name, or a solution that permits 
the Bosnian Serb portion lo 
secede and unite with Serbia 

Further reports, page 11 



: The.jtny in the Rosemary West 
murder trial were sent to a ho- 
tel: last night after faffing to 
: -reach verdicts. Page 2 


. . Mo rtgage lending in October 
-hascrasbed to the lowest level 
a** 079. Pa ^ 2 


Poland’s new president hailed 
followers as “our 
Page 12 


£Ubn takeover fear 

Cable & Wireless is bracing it- 
self for a possible £llbn 

Blair’s local authority has worst schools 

takeover bid. 

Page 20 


’ A decisive shift away from pub- 
lic fending of the £1 -8bn roads 
programme was confirmed by 
John Major. Page 2 

Labor attacks BSkyB 

Labour last night called on the 
Government to refer Rupert 
Murdoch’s BSkyB, to the Mo- 
nopolies and Mergers Com- 
mission. Page 

Today’s weather 

Wfet aaxBsmoch cftheUKto start, 
but drier and brighter weather 
later. Section Iho, Page 21 


The worst education authority 
in England is Islington, where 
Tbny Blair, the Labour leader, 
lives, according to the Govern- 
ment’s fourth annual league 
table published today. Mr Blair 
sends his son out of the bor- 
ough, where only 17.4 per cent 
of pupils get five or more GCSE 
passes at A-C, to a grant-main- 
tained school in Hammersmith 
and Fulham . 

The best authority is 
Kingston upon Thames, where 
the figure for good GCSE pass- 
es was 553 per cent. The top 
state comprehensive is the 


The top comprehensive’s 

(Percentage of pupils getting five or more GCSEs at grades A-C) 

Jl Uvofpool Blue Coat School (98%) 

2= OH Swinfiwd Hospital. School, Dudley (92%) 

The Coopers’ Compary and Coborn, Havering (92%) 

4 Hertfordshire and Essex High, Bishop’s Stortforti, Hertfordshire (90%) 

5 Watford Grammar School for Girls, Hertfordshire (87%) 

6= Watford Grammar School for Beys, HertfbnJshlre (86%) 

, Dame Alice Owen’s, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire (86%) 

8 The King's School, FetBfbqrougi, Cambridgeshire (84%) 

Full list in Section Two 

Liverpool Blue Coat School, 
where 98 per cent of pupils got 
five or more good passes. At the 
worst three domprehensrvesnb 
pupil got five A-C passes. The 
average was 43.5 per cent. 

The best state school is King 
Edward VI grant-maintained 

grammar school in Chelms- 
ford, Essex, where the average 
A-level score was equivalent to 
just over three A grades. The 
fee-paying King Edward VI 
School for Girls in Birmingham 
is top overaU with an average A- 
level score of two As and two Bs. 

The state school with tile 
biggest improvement is Saint 
Francis Xavier, in Richmond, 
North Yorkshire, where the 
percentage of pupils getting 
five or more A-C grades at 
GCSE rose from 29 per cent Iasi 
year to 61 per cent. The inde- 
pendent school with the biggest 
improvement was Trinity 
School, Teignmouth, in Devon, 
where the proportion of pupils 
getting five or more A-C grades 
rose from 31 per cent to 71. 

Lord Henley, the Schools 
Minister, said thaL in the battle 
to raise standards, “these tables 
represent a fourth consecutive 

Schools grow apart, page 5 






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Major clears path for Budget tax cuts 


Political Editor 

A decisive shift away from pub- 
lic funding of the £l.8bn roads 
programme was confirmed by 
John Major last night in a dear 
pre-Budget warning that further 
.shrinking of the state was need- 
ed to make way for tax cuts. 

The Prime Minister used his 
speech to the Lord Mayor's 
Banquet last night to reassert his 
commitment- eight days be- 
fore the Budget-not only to low- 
er taxes but to bringing public 
spending’s share of national 

income to below 40 per cent. It 
is currently 42 per cenL 

And he identified a first 
tranche of £400ro in private 
funding for four road schemes 
as a key example of contracts 
worth more than £5bn signed 
under the Treasury's Private 
Finance Initiative (PFI) - which 
he said “will play an increasing 
part in capital investment in the 

Spending minis ters have been 
warned by William Waldegrave, 
the Treasury Chief Secretary, 
throughout the current spend- 
ing round that they face deep 

cuts in capital programmes un- 
less they can secure private 
funding- The roads programme 
is widely reported through 
Whitehall to have taken one of 
the severest cuts. 

Echoing more strongly word- 
ed calls for lower public spend- 
ing by Mr Waldegrave and 
Christopher Patten, the former 
party chairman, Mr Major said 
that while the United Kingr 
dam’s public spending's share of 
national income was 10 per cent 
below the European average, 
“we cannot afford to compare 
ourselves with our European 

neighbours alone”. He added: 
“Both America and Japan spend 
less and tax less than we do.” 
Mr Major told his City audi- 
ence that “when the private sec- 
tor takes responsibility and 
bears the risk, h is more efficient 
than the public sector”. And he 
went on to announce RoadUnk’s 
winning bid to build and oper- 
ate the upgraded A69 between 
Newcastle and Carlisle. The 
other three in the first £400m 
programme are the A1(M) 
from Alco ribary to Peterbor- 
ough, die Al/Ml link in York- 
shire and the A419/417 


Swindon to Gloucester route. 
Stephen Dorrell, the Secre- 
y of State for Health, will to- 
itline his pla ns for the first 
four of twenty-five PH projects 
worth up to £25 m, but will 
stress that private funding will 

apply to capital programmes 
’only ’ 

and not to clinical provi- 
sion by doeftrs and nurses. 

The Prime Minister last night 
repeated earlier warnings that 
economic monetary union 
(EMU) would divide the Eu- 
ropean Union between those 
“countries which adopted the 
single currency and those which 

did not”. He added drat while 
“in some areas of policy” such 
variable geometry “may be sen-' 
able, indeed, inevitable" it had . 
tobe “thought through.”., v _ 

He slid the implications in- 
cluded how a single currency 
would co-exist with present 
ones; how EU institutions would 
serve those outride as well as 
those inside EMU; and what it 
would mean for the communi- 
1 ty budget and the single market. 

The Prime Minister conspic- 
uously did not - as some right 
wing Ibries both inside and out- 
ride the Government would 

Kte him to do - rule out mem- 
bership of EMU during the life- 
time of the next parliament. 

portance of the issues EMTJ 
■would raise for countries^ out- 
ride as wed as inside it chimed 
closely with his warning last 
week that he was not going to 
“surrender influence” on such 
issues by ruling out monetary 
union. He repeated that some 
were “passionate about EMU; 
“others have profound doubts. 
Britain, I am glad to say, has a 
choice. We can decide whether 
to stay out or opt in 

Peace in Ireland: Fresh move by Downing Street aims to build confidence but Unionist leader takes hard line 

Tories pledge 

to review 
role of RUC 


Chief Political Correspondent 

The Government mounted a 
fresh attempt to encourage 
Sinn Fern to enter the peace 
process talks by promising the 
most fundamental review of 
Lhe Royal Ulster Constabulary 
so far carried out. 

Coming days after the early 
release of more than SO IRA 
and loyalist paramilitaries, it was 
seen as another confidence- 
building measure to get Sinn 
Fein lo compromise over the 
refusal of the IRA to move on 
the decommissioning of Its 

Disarming the IRA last night 
threatened to produce fresh 
troubles in the attempts by the 
Irish and British governments 
to revive the peace process. 

The Irish government was un- 
happy with the letter sent to 
John Bruton, the Irish Prime 
Minisrer, by John Major setting 
out plans for a twin-track strat- 
egy involving the creation of an 
international commission to 
oversee decommissioning, and 
preparatory talks with the par- 
ties, leading to possible all- 
party talks by next February. 

Mr Major is sticking to the re- 
quirement set out by Sir Patrick 
Mayhcw, Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland, in Washing- 
ton for progress to be made on 
decommissioning before Sinn 
Fein can enter the all-party 
talks. But Mr Bruton is sup- 
porting the nationalists in ask- 
ing for that pre-condition, 
known as “Washington Three”, 
to be considered by the 
international commission. 

Last night. Downing Street 
made it clear the Irish request 
was unacceptable. Mr Bruton 
wOl be seeking to resolve the dif- 
ficulty on the telephone with Mr 
Major today, but it could delay 

the hopes of an early summit be- 
tween them until after the vis- 
it by Bill Clinton, the US 
President, on 28 November, 

The British are keen for an 
early summit meeting, but the 
Irish - having aborted a summit 
in September - want to reach 
agreement behind the scenes on 
the decommissioning issue 
before a high-profile meeting 
between the two leaders. 

“The thinking in Irish circles 
is that we want a formula that 
can get us over this problem. If 
the remit doesn't include Wash- 
ington Three, there is a danger 
that we will have to come back 
to this problem at a later date,” 
said one Irish source. 

“There arc things that will be 
difficult for everyone but it can 
be overcome with courage an 
imagina tion. We are prepared 
to do that.” a senior government 
source said. 

The prospects for agreement 
may have been enhanced by the 
announcement of the review of 
the RUC A White Paper on the 
relationships between the 
Secretary of Stale, police au- 
thority and the RUC 
Chief Constable will also be 
published before Christmas. 

Sinn Fein has been demand- 
ing radical reforms to the RUC, 
including the change of its 
name, to drop “Royal" from 
its title. Officials at the North- 
ern Ireland Office arc hoping 
to have the policing review 
completed by next summer. 

The security minister. Sir 
John Wheeler, said the aim of 
the White Paper and the review 
was to strengthen the police ser- 
vice as the demands changed to 
a peacetime scenario and to 
make it acceptable to the 
community it serves. 

Sir John added: “No area will 
be excluded. It will be pretty 
dramatic stuff.” 

Trimble rules 
out talks with 
Sinn Fein 


T David Trimble, the Ulster 

Unionist leader, has virtually 

ruled out face-to-face talks 
Gerry Adams and Martin 
McGuinness, the Sinn Fein 
leaders. He said they were “not 
fit” to sit down with at the ne- 
gotiating table. 

“Martin McGuinness and 
Gerry Adams are the Karadz- 
ic ana Mladic of Northern Ire- 
land. They are not regarded as 
fit persons to sit at the table in 
view of their record. 

“I don’t envisage a situation 
of personal contact with those 
gentlemen. It is possible if cir- 
cumstances were right, there 
might be a t alks process. But I 
don’t see that in the short term. 
It is for that reason we have em- 
phasised the advantage of go- 
ing down the route of creating 
an elected body at which there 
could be the beginnings of a de- 
bate," Mr Trimble said. 

Despite his tough talking in 
an interview for the J/ufepen- 

dent, he did not rule ouyoin- 

Trimble: Adams and McGuinness are the Karadzic and Mla<fc of Ulster’ Photograph: Philip Meech 

mg the talks process. But if they 
proceed to all-party talks, it is 
hard to see how be will agree 
to be in the same room as Mr 
Adams and Mr McGuinness. 

Mr Trimble said the speech 
by the Irish Prime Minister, 
John Bruton, amounted to a “a 
blunt demand to drop the de- 
commissioning requirement” 
for the IRA to give up weapons 
before Sinn Fein could join all- 
party inclusive talks. “That is 
what it boils down to. That is not 
realistic politics." 

Would John Major give 
way? “Not after all he has said 
ana done on this issue.” 

So he was confident Mr Ma- 
jor would not cave in? “I don't 
want to use that sort of lan- 
guage. He knows what our po- 
sition is. It's rather difficult to 

see how such a U-tum could be 
justified. In any event, such a U- 
tuni would be ineffective, be- 
cause talks without our 
presence would be a meaning- 
less exercise. We would have to 
be satisfied in our own terms 
that the draunstances were 
right for talks." 

The underlying message is 
that the Ulster Unionists are 
willing to go along with the Ma- 
jor initiative, albeit reluctantly. 
Mr Trimble, who was given 15 
minutes with Bill Clinton at the 
White House recently, does 
not believe the US President’s 
visit at the end of the month will 
contribute much to the peace 

“In a general sense, the Clin- 
ton visit will be helpful be- 
cause he is bringing a large 
entourage of officials and busi- 
nessmen. They are all going to 
discover the degree of normal- 
ity, that the worst affected ar- 
eas of Belfast are a darned sight 
better than typical American in- 
ner city areas. 

“That is going to be useful in 
changing the perception. Apart 

from that, I don’t have any great 
expectation from the visit.” 

*Tfs obvious that the repub- 
licans think Mr Clinton is their 
special factor who is going to 
make the British government 
change its policy, but well see." 

Mr Trimble added: “It’s not 
in Clinton’s interests to pres- 
surise some sort of artificial po- 
litical development because he 
has got to look forward to No- 
vember 1996 polling day. 

He has got to say, “Are ray ac- 
tions going to look good a year 
from now?” 

“Resorting to short-term 
panic pressure from Sinn Fein, 
SDLP or whatever, is not in his 
interests and I think his advis- 

ers are sensible enough to re- 
alise that” 

Air crash boxer 

wins £JL5m «*ward 

An Irish boxer disabled forlife 
in the.Kegworth air disaster was 
awarded record damages of 
£1,425,000 in the High Court 
yesterday.-- . 

Stephen McCoy, 23, a 
top amateur middleweight bqs- 
er in Northern Ireland, was 16 
when the Boeing 737.Ix»dotL 
toBehastshuttte crashed enthe 
Ml in Dricestetshire m 1989. 
He was left brain damage d and 
partly paralysed by the crash 
which claimed 47 fives and. fg 

looked after by his family; 

The damages are to be 
by the airline British Mk___ 
and the engine manufacturers 
and suppliers, who admitted 

Halftrack pressure 

Labour last night called cm the 
rail regulator, John Swift QQ 
to investigate its charge that 
Railtrack has put aside flbqtof 
taxpayers' money to boostra. 
profits after privatisation Bi*. 
an WDscra, the party’s transport 
spokesman, has already 
manded a Stock Exchange in- 
quiry into Rail track' s accounts. 

Howard right 

A decision ty the Home S& 
retary , Michael Howard, to de- 
lay a parole hearing for lifer 
Josepn Martin was upheld by a 
Hi g h Court judge as “reason- 
able and lawful". The 62-year- 
old double killer, who has 
served 30 years, can expect tp 
spend at least another twd.yeas 
- and possibly right up . to re- 
tirement age — in custody. 

Quiet victory 

More than half of Britain came ' 
to a halt' to observe the 
Armistice Day two-nnmite si- 
lence, it was disclosed after an 
opinion poll found that 57 per 
cent of people questioned ob- 
served die silence. The. Royal ' 
British Legion described the re- 
sponse as “o utstanding ” ~ ’ 

Double strike 

Fire crews on Merseyside have 
announced two new 24 hour 
strikes, two hours apart, start- 
ing on Friday and Saturday, over 
fire authority plans to axe 2) 
jobs and alter shift patterns to 
bridge a £700,000 budget short- 
fall. Army and RAF crews will 
be drafted in to provide caver 

— M 


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Greece -0-450 

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Rosemary West trial: Jury spends night in hotel after five hours weighing evidence 

Tension rises as verdict is delayed 


The jury in the Rosemary West 
murder trial was sent to a ho- 

tel last night after foiling to 

reach verdicts during nearly 
five hours of deliberations. 
They will resume their discus- 
sions this morning. 

The seven men and four 
women were sent out at 
ll.44am yesterday by Mr Jus- 
tice MantelL, who told them to 
lake their time. The judge fin- 
ished his summing up, which 
had lasted more than two days, 
by telling jurors that they must 
consider whether Mrs West 
had ever told lies. 

In particular, (hey must con- 
sider what she had' said about 
Caroline Owens who was sex- 
ually assaulted by Mrs West and 
her husband Frederick, and 
Lynda Gough and Heather 
West, whose remains were 
found at the Wests' home. 

Mrs West, 41, denies mur- 
dering 10 girls and young 

women whose remains were 
found at 25 Cromwell Street 
Gloucester, and at the Wests' 
previous home in the city. Mr 
West who was charged with 12 
murders was found hanged in his 
prison cell last New Year’s Day. 

The judge said: "Of course 
whether m any particular inci- 
dents Rosemary West has told 
lies is for you to say. She has not 
admitted telling any lies, but 
suppose you were to find that 
she had. The mere fact that a 
defendant has told a lie is not 
in itself evidence of guilL A de- 
fendant may lie for many rea- 
sons.” He said if the jury thought 
that there was an innocent rea- 
son for the lie they should dis- 
regard it, but if it was for 
another reason such as to mis- 
lead an investigation “then the 
lie may be evidence of graft". 

He went on: “You could 
oomc to the conclusion that 
Rosemary Wesl lied about hear- 
ing from Heather fthe Wests’ 
daughter]. Suppose you came lo 


Fate hi balance: A drawing of 
Rosemary West yesterday 

the conclusion that Rosemary 
West was telling Mrs Gough 
(Lynda's mother] lies about 
Lynda having gone to Weston- 
super-Mare. Suppose you were 
to find that il was a lie that Mrs 
Gough had never been to 25 
Cromwell Street. Rosemary 
West told you that she had 
tried and tried to remember 

Caroline Owens, even though 
she had the newspaper report 
[of the Wests' prosecution] and 
had kept it all those years. 

“Suppose you came to the 
conclusion that she had told you 
a lie about that, and came to the 
conclusion that there was no in- 
nocent explanation, then once 
again you have to consider 
whether that is evidence sup- 
porting the prosecution.” 

The judge said that the evi- 
dence of Mrs Owens, Anne 
Marie Davis, Mrs West’s step- 
daughter, and a woman re- 
ferred to only as Miss A, who 
were all sexually assaulted by the 
Wests, was important 
“In relation to all three of 
them, you have been told by the 
witnesses about the use of re- 
straints, gags, tape, force and 
sexual abuse. The Crown say 
that in the case of seven of the 
charges you have to consider 
that that evidence is capable of 
Dluminating the circumstances 
which must have preceded 

death. The inference which the 
Crown invite you to accept is 
only available to you if you ac- 
cept the evidence of these wit- 
nesses, not otherwise.” 

The judge said that in rela- 
tion to Charm aine West the 
daughter of Mr West's first 
wife, the prosecution case was 
that Mr West had been in prison 
at Lhe time of her death leaving 
Rosemary West in sole charge. 

He said (hat in the case of 
Shirley Robinson, a lodger 
whose remains were found al 
Cromwell Street, the prosecu- 
tion case depended on antipa- 
thy, motive and the evidence 
that Mrs West was in the house 
when she met her death. It was 
also alleged that the Wests had 
lied about her disappearance. 

“So far as Heather is con- 
cerned antipathy, opportunity 
and once again ties,” said the 
judge. But be warned that they 
should not “pass moral judge- 
ments" on sexual relationships 
in the Wests' household. 

Mortgage lending is lowest since 1979 


Fresh evidence of lhe slump in 
the housing market emerged 
yesterday, with figures showing 
that new mortgage lending in 
October fell to the lowest lev- 
el since the Tories came to of- 
fice in 1979. 

_ Nel advances by building so- 
cieties to home-buyers fell to 
£295m last month, less than half 
the £614m lent in September. 

The societies' figures came 
amid signs that the construction 
industry is heading into a fresh 
recession. Orders dropped by 

1.4 per cent in the third quar- 
ter of 1995 compared to the 
previous three months. They 
were 3.1 per cent down on the 
same quarter last year. 

Rob Thomas, a housing an- 
alyst at the Swiss banking group 
LIBS, said: “These figures arc 
gloomy. The market this year 
has not been good, but this is 
the worst so far.” 

Other experts suggested the 
rapid col Lapse followed two 
months m which lending only 
remained at that already low 
level because prospective bor- 
rowers moved swiftly lo avoid 

the Government’s mortgage 
benefit cuts in October. 

The Building Societies As- 
sociation said yesterday that 
gross lending, which includes 
people re-mortgaging their 
homes, fell slightly to £2.6bn in 
October, compared to £2_72bn 
the previous month. Net new 
commitments, the amount so- 
cieties have agreed to lend in 
principle, grew to almost £L9bn 
from £L56bn. 

Separate statistics from the 
British Bankers Association 
showed loans secured on prop- 
erty stood at £509m in October, 

more than £100m down on the 
two previous months. 

Peter Williams, head of re- 
search at the BSA, said yester- 
day: “Over recent months total 
lending activity has remained 
fairly steady compared with 
previous year levels. However, 
a significant proportion of over- 
all lending business is believed 
to have represented re-mort- 
gage activity, rather than lend- 
ing related to house purchase. 
The number of loans advanced 
for actual house purchase has 
fallen by 17 per cent compared 
with the corresponding period 

in 1994.” Mr Willi ams renewed 
BSA calls for Budget measures 
to help property buyers, in- 
cluding the abolition of stamp 
duty on purchases over £60,000. 

However, his views were 
sharply contradicted by Tail 
Shepherdson, UK economist si 
HSBC GreenwelL who sai<^ 
“The building sod sties are be- 
ing disingenuous and using sta- 
tistics they believe will help 
them in their arguments over 
the Budget The fact is that this 
is another extremely strong set 
of data.” 

Business comment, page 21 


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Panorama interview: Princess of Wales has seized the initiative but the decision to go public may undermine her position 

Revelations that raise the stakes for Diana 

louse jury 

As the Princess of Wiles arrived 

‘ZZLSSi reg V ,ar Sy™ w ork-out 

yesterday, her smile was as 
devastating as the Panorama 
interview on which she had 
gambled her future relations 
with the Royal family. 

‘ entered the Chelsea 
Harbour Club, in west London 
jn bright orange shorts and 
blue sweatshirt, pausing only for 
a very public display of :ourtcsy 
as she held open the from door 
for a man carrying heavy bags 

The world’s raosi pho- 
tographed woman was back 
firmly where she seems happi- 
est- m the hmclighL Bui behind 
the scenes, there were huge 
question marks over the imer- 
wew’s likely impact on her raar- 
nage, separation and position 
as the mother of the future long. 

Buckingham Palace yesterday 
confirmed Geoff Crawford was 
to stand down as the Princess's 
press adviser in the wake of her 
decision to speak to the BBC’s 
flagship cuiTem affairs pro- 
gramme without informing him 
- or the Queen. 

As speculation grew that the 
Palace could not forgive her 
secrecy over the affair, the sug- 
gestion arose thai airine her 
private thoughts in public could 
prove a dangerous miscalcula- 
tion. leaving her alongside the 
Duchess of York in Royal exile. 

The Princess’s decision to go 
ahead came nearly three years 
after her separation from the 
Prince - and two since she 
stunned guests at a charity 
lunch by announcing plans to 
bow out of public life and spend 
more time with her children. 

It came 17 months after 
Charles bared his soul and 
admitted aduitciy in an inter- 
view with Jonathan Dimbleby, 
a broadcast which she shrugged 
off by donning a striking sexy 
black dress and attending a 
charity gala. 

More significantly, perhaps, 
h came in the wake of a series 
of salacious tabloid stories which 
accused the Princess of bom- 
barding her friend Oliver Hbare 
with nuisance calls and wreck- 
ing the marriage of the Englan d 
rugby captain. Will Carling. 

The public “coming our” of 
Charles and Camilla at the 
50th birthday party of Sarah 
Keswick at the Ritz on 18 Oc- 
tober was the final straw. The 
BBC was given its scoop. 

The desire to “set the record 
straight” must have been strong. 
None the less, the Liming was 
“^ic. The most explosive Roy- 
al performance since Edward 
VIII took to the radio for his ab- 
dication speech in 1936 was 
aimed on 5 November. It was 
a day of fireworks and, some 
would claim, betrayal. 

Barely a soul knew. The 
Princess was understood to 
have discussed the idea with the 
Duchess of York. Unconfirmed 
reports suggested that David 
Puttnam. the film producer and 
Diana's friend, asked the broad- 
caster Ludovic Kennedy how 
she should handle some forth- 
coming television appearances. 
But in a breathtaking coup for 
the Princess and the BBC, not 
a word leaked out until she 
broke the news to the Palace 
herself and a public announce- 
ment was made last TUesday. 

Details of the negotiations 
have been closely guarded. But 
that this was Diana signalling 
she will not be silenced must 
have been noted with some 
alarm by Buckingham Palace. 

In case they missed the 
strength of her power and 
charm, rile went out on the town 
last night as guest of honour at 
a ll.UUO-a-head cancer charity 
gala at Bridgewater House, just 
yards from her estranged hus- 
band's London front door at St 
James’s Palace. 

The Panorama interview was 
a high-profile, high-risk strate- 
gy to get the public on her side 
and regain the upper hand for 
herself and her children. 

The sight of the Royal aide 
Tiggy Legge-Bourke acting as 
surrogate mother to the young 
princes and speculation that 
steps were being taken to ac- 
climatise the public to a 
Charles-Camilla partnership 
have rocked the boat for Diana. 

Although the bitter rows and 
her fight against bulimia had left 
her thin and pale by the time of 
the official separation in De- 
cember 1992, the Princess was 
then deemed to have out- 
manoeuvred Buckingham 
Palace. She was left with her 
own private court at Kensing- 
ton Palace and with authority 
over her boys unchallenged. 

The question today is 
whether in laying down her 
vision of her “future she has 
trumped the Palace again. Or 
whether, by risking all, it wOl be 
the Princess who loses. 

Brief encounter The Princess of Wales with her husband and the young princes, William and Harry, on William's first day at Eton last September 

Key players stick to their schedule as drama unfolds 


As the dock ticked toward the 
Panorama theme music, the 
key players in the Royal drama 
played their parts unfaltering' 
ly and apparently without a 
care. Leading royals stuck firm- 
ly to their schedule of engage- 
ments outlined in the Court 
Circular and fixed months in ad- 
vance of word of the Princess of 
Wales's revelations. 

Similarly, for the bit part ac- 
tors on the fringes of the affair, 
it was business as usual as they, 
kept up the facade of unflap- 

pability in the face of potentially 
damming remarks. In the midst 
of it all. the Queen Mother, one 
of the rocks on which the roy- 
al dynasty is founded, remained 
in King Edward VII ’s Hospital 
for Officers in London recov- 
ering from her hip operation. 

Buckingham Palace reported 
that she had a “quiet and sat- 
isfactory” weekend. “Her 
Majesty has become more mo- 
bile and is now walking outside 
her room.” said a spokesman. 

Both Prince Charles and 
Prince Edward visited their 
grandmother over the weekend 

and told journalists on leaving 
that she was in good spirits. 

Prince Charles had returned 
to Highgrove House, near Tet- 
bury, Gloucestershire, where he 
was met shortly before I Oam 
yesterday by Camilla Parkrr- 
Bowies. She smiled and posed 
for photographers as she left 
Highgrove to join the 60-strong 
Beaufort hunt at Leighterton, 
a mile from the estate. Prince 
Charles, who normally joins 
the hunt later in the day, was 
nowhere to be seen. 

At 12.15pm - as Mrs Parke r- 
Bowles continued the hunt - a 

helicopter from the Queen's 
Flight left Highgrove taking 
Prince Charles to Kensington 
Palace. Thirty minutes later a 
grim-faced Prince Charies Jeff 
for Buckingham Palace where 
the Queen, who bad returned 
from Sandringham, hosted a 
60th birthday lunch in honour 
of King Hussein of Jordan. 

Among the guests were, John 
Major. ex-King Constantine of 
Greece, Queen Noor of Jordan, 
Queen Anne-Marie of Greece, 
the Duke of Edinburgh, and 
Prince Edward. Prince Philip 
moved smoothly on to his next 

engagement, the opening of 
an exhibition of Jain art from 
India at the Victoria and Albert 
museum in Kensington, west 
London. He joined the Queen 
at the Dominion Theatre in 
London’s West End for a Roy- 
al Variety Performance, which 
continued as the Princess’s in- 
terview was broadcast. 

Prince Charles, on the other 
hand, had returned to High- 
grove where, it is thought, he 
watched the interview before 
boarding the royal train at mid- 
night, bound for Cornwall and 
another round of engagements 

today. In contrast, the Princess 
of Wiles was guest of honour at 
a f 1,000-a-head gala for a can- 
cer charity. 

Another of those implicated 
in the drama, the England rug- 
by captain. Will Carting, spent 
the day at the offices of his man- 
agement consultancy in Fulham, 
south-west London. Whh the 
Princess linked to the separation 
from his wife, Julia, he was say- 
ing little, though he was re- 
ported to be “feeling much 
belter” after being concussed 
during England’s defeat by 
South Africa at the weekend. 

Rival courts that may lead 
to a constitutional crisis 


Britain today has returned to 
the 18th-century days of having 
two rival royal courts. With the 
Princess of Wales boldly 
bypassing the authority of the 
sovereign and stating to a 
world-wide audience of 200 
milli on that she will determine 
her own role and how the heir 
m the throne win be brought up, 
the United Kingdom of Great 
Britain and Northern Ireland 
has now entered a full-scale con- 
stitutional crisis, according to a 
leading government historian. 

Dr John Barnes, of the Lon- 
don School of Economics, be- 
lieves that the ignoring of the 
Queen's authority and of the 
precedents laid out in the 1701 
Act of Settlement has brought 
the prospect of a republican UK 

Diana’s self-appointed agen- 
da, according to Dr Barnes, 
means “we have returned to the 
days of Frederick, Prince of 
Wales, and George IIL Then 
.there was a classic royal con- 
frontation between the opposi- 
tion politicians comprising the 
Tories and dissi dent Whigs who 
courted the future king in his 
own rival court against George’s 
own court”. Only the death of 
Frederick, killed by an iU- 
guided cricket ball, avoided 
open royal warfare. 

The emergence of party gov- 
ernment, and the end of the sov- 
ereign’s power to appoint the 
Prime Minister, effectively end- 
ed court rivalry inside the 
monarchy. Until now. 

“Diana, by going on televi- 
sion. has now set up her own ri- 
val show to the Queen," said Dr 
Barnes. “This is such an old- 
fashioned way of playing royal 
politics, that the British people 
will simply not be used to what 
is about to happen. The 
Princess of Wales is demanding 
all of the privileges, but is tak- 
ing on none of the obligations.” 

The “extraordinary position” 
of the princess, according to an- 

other historian close to the 
royal family, differed slightly 
from the Prince of Wales’s own 
television interview just over a 
year ago. It is understood that 
Charles advised the Queen 
what be was about to do and she 
reluctantly agreed to the cam- 
eras coming in. Diana kept 
hidden until the last moment aD 
details of the Panorama pro- 
gramme and at no time sought 
die Queen’s authorisation. 

Dr Barnes said: “Quite sim- 
ply - regardless of what the 
Panorama chat contained -Di- 
ana is stating Tm no longer 
playing the game the firm's 
way. And Fra not going to tell 
the firm what I'm doing.’ ” It 
was, said Dr Barnes, the end of 
the princess playing by even the 
minimum of royal rules. 

Her comments that William, 
the future king, will be brought 
up under her guidance may ap- 
pear a casual comment by a 
young mother. Inside sources in 
Buckingham Palace yesterday 
were not so understanding. 

When the Act of Succession 
was drawn up at the beginning 
of the 18th century, stipulating 
the sovereign would be brought 
up in the Protestant faith, and 
that the sovereign would be re- 
sponsible for an heir’s education 
(and at that time marriage), it 
was a system that attempted to 
control the future monarch. Al- 

though the Act still remains. Di- 
ana has for the first time said it 
is her business, and not the 
Queen's, to be responsible for 
William. “We will now need to 
wait and see how Diana intends 
to enforce this," Dr Barnes said. 

The resignation of the Buck- 
ingham Palace-appointed press 
secretary to Diana, Geoff Craw- 
ford, may be the start of an ex- 
odus of “Palace” staff. 
According to another Buck- 
ingham Palace source the “con- 
tractual mess” which Diana is 
now facing with the BBC over 
financial rights to the interview 
“would never have happened” 
had she been properly advised. 

The solution to avoid con- 
stitutional chaos? “You remove 
the fuel from the fire by di- 
vorce,” said Dr Barnes. The 
Princess of Whies said no to any 
talk of divorce, but Dr Baines 
said there will now be immense 
pressure for her to do so. “She 
will become a loose cannon if 
she is the ex-wife of Charles, but 
that will be less embarrassing 
than her becoming Queen.” 

As well as Diana playing 
games by her own rules. Dr 
Barnes believes the BBC 
“showed very poor judgement”. 
He said they treated Diana “as 
a personality and not as a cru- 
cial part of the constitution . In 
doing so they have helped bring 
a republic that bit closer”. 

Labour finds window of opportunity 


Political Correspondent 

Labour scooped a record- 

the nation tuned in for the 
. news before the royal Merview, 
and found itself watching "On 
Hie Slide” instead. 

The five-minute black-and- 
"while film, made by Howard 
Guard, attacked the Conserv- 
atives* record and set out the 
shadow Chancellor Gordon 

Brown’s plans for “fair taxes". 

The timing of yesterday’s 
- broadcast was agreed two 
months ago, long before the 
-Princess of Rfeles agreed to give 
her interview to Panorama. By 
• chance, it was the first time a 
broadcast has been screened on 

a Monday outside an election 
cam paig n , because there is live 
football on tdeviaon tonight, to- 
morrow and Thursday nights, 
and Labour insisted on a broad- 
cast the week before the Bud- 
get David JED, the party’s chief 
spokesman, said it was the par- 
ty’s sixth broadcast this year. 
The Tbries have only used two 
of their permitted six. “They nei- 
ther feel they have a message 
worth putting across, nor do 
they have any coherent fine of 
attack against us,” he said. 

A Ibry party spokesman said: 
“All the research indicates that 
ppBs only have any real impact 
in the run-up to an election- We 
are quite content for Labour to 
continue to waste resources on 
the wrong kind of advertising at 
the wrong time of year.” 

Record power surges since 1970 

2,800 mega-watts - 

14 July 1990:.Workl Cup semi-final, EngaraW Germany.' 

2^200 mega-watts 

Aprfl 3391:. ted&ig Buds of May. 

Hay iBftfc Doting Buds of May. 

UL April 1994: Coranatioo Sheet and EastEnd&s ranheatf to head 
and finished at the same tftne. 16.09 mliBon vtevras for East&xfers. 

8 May 1985: Dallas and 77tfe & ibur life ended at the sane time. 
Jj6Jaiiuaiy'lS84:17ffi TtiomblnJs. 

. ~ f ■ : . 

1,900 mega-watts 

5 AprQ1994: East£rtders.l8.20 million viewers. ... 

2 $ juty .1981: Diana and Charles's wedding- . ■ 

9 Aprfl l$92r EastEnders. 18.57 million viewers. ■. 

3 September 1992: EastEfldetS. 19.26 mllflOT viewers; 

700 mega-watts 

29th June 1994: Prince Charles's Dimbleby interview 





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Yorkshire pours in 
cash to fight drought 


Environment Correspondent 

Yorkshire Water yesterday dou- 
bled its efforts lo bring water to 
the region’s drought-hit cities by 
road. But the company also said 
recent rainfall meant there 
would now be no need for 
on-off rota cuts for some 
600,000 people until January at 
the earliest. 

Up to 600 road tankers will 
move millions of gallons a day, 
an operation unprecedented 
for a British water company. 
New slip roads, lony parks arid 
gantries carrying hoses have 
had to be installed. 

“We’re not out of the 
woods,” said a spokesman. “If 
people think we're crying wolf, 
they should come arid look at 
the reservoirs.” 

The emptiest of these arc 
now 1 3 per cen t full, slightly up 

on a week ago. But normally at 
this time of year they would be 
SO per cent ’full, or 33 per cent 
in a bad year. 

For the past 10 weeks a grow- 
ing number of tankers have 
been taking water from Loft- 
some Bridge water treatment 
works, near Selby, more than 40 
miles to Halifax and Hudders- 
field. the worst affected areas. 

Yesterday two new tankering 
operations began. One will be 
bringing up to 25,000 tons of wa- 
ter a day from Long Newton 
reservoir, on Teesside, to reser- 
voirs serving Leeds, using up to 
300 tankers. 

They will work 24 hours a 
day, makin g several of the 130- 
mile round trips. Much of the 
water they are bringing comes 
ultimately from Kielder Water, 
in Northumberland, the largest 
man-made reservoir in Europe, 
having first moved by pipeline. 

then the river l&es, then another 
pipeline to the reservoir. 

The other operation is bring- 
ing water from the mains of 
York to Leeds, using 50 tankers. 
All the tankers have to be 
steam cleaned before they can 
carry water, and the total op- 
era Don is costing the company 
about £3m a week. 

Yorkshire Whter has brought 
in one of Britain’s largest road 
freight firms, Exel Logistics, to 
run die entire operation from 
next Monday. But the owners 
of some small haulage firms 
whose tankers and drivers have 
been sub-contracted are warn- 
ing that their pay and conditions 
wul deteriorate sharply under 
the new regime. 

“If this new system goes 
ahead it means I and many oth- 
ers drivers will pack up,” said 
one company owner, who has 
hired 10 tankers and taken on 

drivers who were on the dole. 
He claimed the vehicles would 
have to be driven dangerously 
fast if they were to make any 
money from their contracts. 
Yorkshire Water said talks 
between sub-contractors and 
Exel Logistics were continuing 
and it would not co m promise on 
road safety. 

Last week the Government 
held a public inquiry into York- 
shire Water’s request for an 
emergency drought order which 
would allow it to cut off house- 
holds for 24 hours at a rime. 

The inquiry inspector’s report 
will be with the Department of 
the Environment in the next few 
days. But John Gummer, Sec- 
retary of State for the Envi- 
ronment, will not have to make 
a decision on whether to allow 
the cut offs until the time comes 
when Yorkshire Water says it 
needs to implement them. 

William Hill takes gamble on 
Irish lottery to reverse decline 


William Hill yesterday opened 
a new front in the bookmaking 
industry's response to ihe Na- 
tional Lottery when it started lo 
accept bets on the winning 
numbers in the Irish slate lot- 
tery. Punters will be able to bet 
on selecting between one and 
five of the correct numbers, with 
a maximum pay-out of 
£ 100 . 000 . 

Hills, along with other book- 
makers. bingo halls, casinos 
and pools companies, has seen 
betting turnover drop signifi- 
cantly in the 12 months since the 
launch of the British lotteiy. Its 
new bet on the Irish numbers 
is an attempt both lo arrest the 
decline and to persuade the 
Government to allow similar 
wagers on the domestic draw. 

“We are 20 million betting 
slips down, January to Novem- 
ber, year on year," Graham 
Sharpe, William Hill’s 
spokesman, said yesterday. 
“The National Lottery is the 
only thing we are not allowed 

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Luck of the Irish: The new William Hill coupon 

to bet on by law. If we wanted 
to bet on whether Charles will 
divorce Di after Panorama . . . 
or on whether someone will as- 
sassinate John Major, we could, 
it’sjust that we choose not to.” 
The mechanics of the Irish 
lotteiy are similar to Britain’s, 
with six winning numbers and 
a bonus ball, although in Ireland 
there are 42 balls, seven fewer 
than in Britain, and two week- 
ly draws. The odds offered by 
Hills’ “Lucky Numbers” coupon 

vary from 4-1, for picking any 
one of the seven winning num- 
bers. to 32,767-1, for selecting 
five out of die first six numbers. 

In strict mathematical terms, 
the prices are not generous, but 
they are better than those of- 
fered by CameloL Any three 
from six in the weekly British 
draw pays £10, or odds of 9-1 
(the actual chance is 56-1), 
while a similar perm with the 
new Hills coupon would pay at 
over 16-1. 

The launch of the new bet co- 
incided with figures which 
showed that the lottery has 
now overtaken the betting shop 
industry in its contribution to 
the Exchequer. During its first 
46 weeks, the Government’s 12 
per cent cut of ticket sales was 
£468m. Betting duty was £46 lm 
during the same period. 

The news will renew calls 
from bookmakers to even out 
what they see as unfair advan- 
tages granted to Camelot to 
guarantee a successful launch of 
the lotteiy. Apart from its mo- 
nopoly on betting on its winning 
numbers, the company is al- 
lowed to advertise on television 
and radio, and also to sell 
tickets to 16 and 17-year-olds. 
■ The National Lotteiy Char- 
ities Board handed out a further 
£35 m in grants yesterday, which 
included a £477,000 grant to a 
Birmingham project for the 
mentally ill The allocation of 
the second tranche of grants fol- 
lowed criticisms that the board 
had fallen into the clutches of 
political correctness. 

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Celebrity sale: A Christie’s official holds a 19th-century bronze, one of numerous items from the main Paris hoihe - 
of Rudolf Nureyev, who died in 1993. Fans and collectors have been bidding for the ballet star's clothing and other 
artefacts in a two-day sale, which ends today and is expected to fetch more than £2m Photograph: Peter MacdiarrcfcL 

Jury facing 
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The Maxwell trial jury of sev- 
en women and five men may 
find their Christmas shopping 
days limited. 

Lord Justice Phillips told 
them yesterday, at the conclu- 
sion of evidence in the 
marathon case, that he expects 
to begin summing up on 
Monday 11 December. 

He did nol tell the Old Bai- 
ley jury how long he will be but 
indicated that once the jurors 
had been sent out to consider 
their verdict he would expect 
them to continue deliberations 
at the weekend if necessary. 

The judge said tha! it was 
usual in cases where no verdict 
had been reached after the 
first day for the jury to stay in 
a hotel until they had decided. 
He said that if this presented 
any difficulties they should tell 
him, and they might be allowed 
to stay at home instead. How- 
ever, he would prefer them to 
slay in a hotel. 

Lord Justice Phillips added 
that he was being sworn in as a 
Privy Councillor on Thursday 

The Maxwell Trial 

Day 105 

morning and therefore there 
would be a break, with the tri- 
al resuming in ihe afternoon. 

The jury was also told on day 
105 of the case that neither Ian 
Maxwell nor the former 
Maxwell aide Lariy Trachten- 
berg will be giving evidence in 
their own defence. Ian’s 
younger brother. Kevin, was in 
the witness box for 21 days. 

Final speeches by counsel are 
expected to begin today, lie- 
ginning with Alan Suckling QC 
for the prosecution. The two 
Maxwell brothers and Tracht- 
enberg all deny conspiracy to 
defraud by misuse of pension 
fund assets. 

The trial continues today. 


Health Editor 

Script-writers of British soap op- 
eras such us Coronation Street 
and EastEnders are guilty of 
sending a pro-smoking mes- 
sage to younger viewers" unlike 
their Australian rivals on Ndgfi- 
bours and Home and Away, 
health experts claimed yester- 

A survey by the Health Ed- 
ucation Authority found there 
are almost three times as many 
portrayals of smoking in home- 
grown soaps ( 14 per cent of pro- 
grammes) than those produced 
in Australia (5 per cent). 

Dr Guy Cumberbaich. of 
Aston University, who con- 
ducted the research, viewed 
304 episodes of leading soap op- 
eras to gauge the level and type 
of smoking, and interviewed 
240 11 to I5-vear-oIds on their 
attitudes lo cigarettes in soaps. 

Dr Cumberbaich found 
that on average one in four 
characters were perceived as 
smokers in British soap op- 
eras, compared with 1 In 11 in 
the Antipodean versions. 

Certain characters in' some 
programmes, such asBiancam 
EastEnders- a rebeffibu^gjam- 
orous teenager - arepratraved 
as smokers even though: they 
have never been seen smoking 
onscreen. : . . - r 

Baroness Cumberiegej 
health minister, joined leading 
soap stars to launch the H£A$ 
latest anti -smoking campaign, 
“Stub Out Smoking in Soaps”, 
yesterday. . 

The campaign aims to 1 '611- 
courage producers to cut on- 
screen smoking and to develop 
anti-smoking themes. 

Although the level of Muck- 
ing in soaps is low - of 9,555 
characters in current soaps just 
23 smoked - JLeanne Riley, the 
HEA’s smoking manager, said: 
‘‘Soap operas have a significant 
impact on the lives of young 
people. We have seen their in- 
fluence when recent story lines 
have highlighted the dangers of 
issues such as HTV and Aids. 

“Australian soaps have 
proved that they can tackle 
smoking issues w hils t retaining 
their popularity. Perhaps we 
should follow their lead.” 

Government gave animal patents 

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Science Editor 

The British Government has 
quietly been awarding patents 
on living animals to private 
companies, despite interna- 
tional disquiet aL classifying 
life forms as “inventions”. 

The patents involve ways of 
making sheep woollier and of 
increasing their growth rates. 

The UK’s unilateral policy 
came to light on the eve of a 
hearing by the European Patent 
Office into the “Harvard On- 
oomouse” - a laboratory anim al 
which had been genetically 

engineered to develop cancer. 
Harvard, which claims that the 
mouse will be useful in re- 
search into cancer, wants ex- 
clusive rights to produce and 
market the animals. 

Today in Munich, lawyers 
representing 17 opposition 
groups - including animal wel- 
fare campaigners and religious 
organisations - will argue that 
patenting live animals is con- 
trary to the European Patent 
Convention. This international 
agreement (which is indepen- 
dent of the EU ) excludes from 
patenting any invention whose 
exploitation would be contrary 

to morality. It also prohibits the 
patenting of plant or animal 

Joyce D’Silva. director of 
Compassion in World Farming 
(CIwF) said: “We already see 
farm animals - pigs and lambs 
— that have had growth-hormone 
genes added. The pigs are de- 
formed and impotenl and the 
lambs develop fatal diabetes.” 

Originally, dWF believed 
that the Harvard Oncomousc 
was the first European attempt 
to patent a living animal. But it 
has now emerged that in Sep- 
tember 1992. the British Patent 
Office awarded a patent to the 

National Research Develop- 
ment Corporation (then newly 
privatised as the British Tech- 
nology Group) for the use of a 
type of virus to cany genes from 
cattle or other animals into 
sheep for '‘production of ani- 
mals with enhanced growth 
rate". In January 1993, it award- 
ed a patent to Lu minis Pty, an 
Australian company based in 
Adelaide, for sheep genetical- 
ly engineered to produce more 
wool. Both patents cover not 
only the process, but also the 
transgenic animals themselves, 
produced in this way. 

Leading article, Page 16 

*U... " * - 


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..... . 

' WIlEfENDECT -TOOttH-M Nf l\ C~M ,-r~ r. , 

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Examination league tables: Critics fear ‘damaging consequences’ for those performing poorly in comparisons of grades 

in schools grow 

further apart 


Education Editor 

Tbe gap between the pupils who 
do best at GCSE and those who 
dp worst is widening, accordin'* 
to the Government s tables of 
school examination perfor- 
mance^ published today. 
^Critics say the polarisation is 
the result of the league tables 
which encourage schools to 
concentrate on getting the max- 
imum number of pupils through 
five GCSEs at top grades - the 
main measure of performance. 

While the proportion geuing 
five A-C grades is up to 43.5 per 
cent this year from 43 J per cent 
last year and 41.1 per cent the 
year before, the percentage 
who fail to get even one pass, is 
up from 7 per cent two years ago 
to 8.1 per cent. 

David Hart, general secretaiy 
of the National Association of 
Head Teachers, said: "There is 
already evidence that the long 
tail of underperformance’ will 
lengthen for those who can- 
not achieve pass grades. This 
would be an unforeseen yet 
highly damaging consequence of 
league tables in their present 

Peter Kilfoylc. Labour's 
schools spokesman, said: 
“There is a twelvefold gap be- 
tween the top and bottom 20 
per cent of GCSE results. We 
clearly need to do more to 
lever up the standards of those 
getting low grades or no 

Headteachers are critical of 
the way in which the tables are 
compiled. Bruce Douglas, prin- 
cipal of Branston Community 

Biggest Increase - 1994-95 - In percentage of pupils i 
gaming five or more A-C grades at GCSE. 

St Francis Xavier, Richmond, North Yorkshire 
Neadswood School, Southampton 
St Saviour’s and St Olave's, London. 

Trinity School, Belevecfere, Kent. 

Goi borne High School, Warrington 
The Warwick School, RedhiJI 
Whitecrpss High School, Hereford 
Samuel King’s School, Alston 
Ashlyns School, Berkhamsted 
fiiey School, Fdey 

Percentage getting five or more GCSEs at A-C 

Arriy Johnson School, Hull, Humberside 
■Fferkside School Plymouth, Devon 
Benjamin Gott High School, Leeds ' 

Battersea Technology College, Wandsworth 
Archbishop Venison's, Lambeth. ‘ " V 7 * 

Pope iohn Paul RC, Liverpool ' 

Sooth Halifax High School, Calderdaie 
Campion Boys’, Lh/erpqol 
Lea Mason CofE School, Birmingham 
Fairfax Community School, Bradford 











College in Lincolnshire, said: 
“The results depend on the 
clientele. The tables amount to 
almost wilfully misleading the 
public hv giving a raw score and 
calling it performance.'* 

Ministers have commissioned 
work on “value-added* 1 tables 
which would compare a school's 
performance with its intake. 

The top comprehensive* in- 
clude schools such as the Liver- 
pool Blue Coat School which 
have heen accused of partially se- 
lecting their pupils by interview. 

The bottom comprehensive* 
include Battersea Technology 
College, in the Conservatives’ 
favourite borough, Wandsworth 
in south-west London, where 
only 1 per cent of pupils gained 
five or more tup passes. 

This year's figures show that 
truancy has risen slightly from 
0.9 per cent of half days missed 
through unauthorised absence 
to 1 per cent. Authorised ab- 
sence was up from 8.1 per cent 
to 8.2 per cent. However, head- 
teachers say that these figures 
are meaningless because chil- 
dren who play truant may bring 
notes from their mothers while 
those who are ill may not. 

They also attack th o way in 
which a school's position in 
the tables can fluctuate sharply 
from year to year, sometimes for 
no apparent reason. Archbish- 
op Tenison, a grant-maintained 
school in the south London bor- 
ough of Lambeth, which has just 
received permission from 
Gillian Shephard, the Secretary 
of Slate for Education, to be- 
come selective, last year bad 17 
per cent of pupils with five A- 
C grades at GCSE. TTiisyearit 
has only 1 per cent. 

Even the performance of 
one pupil can make a difference. 
The City of London School for 
Girls said that the failure to in- 
clude a single pupil's maths re- 
sult at A-level had meant that 
it was 62nd rather than 53rd in 
independent schools league ta- 
bles published earlier this year. 

Foil tables: Section TWo 

Room for improvement: Pupils at Northicote School, Wolverhampton, which has recovered strongly after being failed Photograph: Mike Sharp 

Criticism inspires comprehensive success 

“Excellence for Everyone” is the 
slogan at the Northicote School 
in Wolverhampton. The staff at 
England's first comprehensive 
to be officially failed by schools 
inspectors are nothing if not am- 

Yesterday the efforts of the 
school where poor buildings, lit- 
ter, vandalism and broken win- 
dows were found to put both 
education and health at risk, 
have paid off. 

Pupils were called to special 
assemblies to be told that edu- 
cation ministers had given their 
school a dean bill of health. And 
that was not all: league tables 
published today show that its 
GCSE scores have almost tre- 
bled since 1991. 

When inspectors from the 
Office for Standards in Educa- 

tion. Ofsted, visited Northicote 
in November 1993 its head 
Leachcr bad been in the job just 
six weeks and its chairman of 
governors, Fred Preston, was 
also new. 

Instead of greeting the judge- 
ment with anger and resent- 
ment. as some schools have, 
they welcomed the findings and 
viewed them as a helpful point- 
er to the way ahead. 

“Our view was that we were 
going to become one of the best 
schools in Wolverhampton, 
even the best. Now the school 
is a different place," Mr Preston 

Yesterday he addressed three 

gatherings of delighted pupils. 
The atmosphere was much 
warmer than three years ago, he 
said, and there was a “buzz” 
about the school. 

In 1991, just 8 per cent of 
Northicote ’s pupils gained five 
or more A-C grades at GCSE 
This year the figure had risen 
to 23 per cent, a respectable 
score for an urban compre- 
hensive. The proportion staying 
on at 16 multiplied almost five- 
fold from 8 per cent last year to 
38 per cent this year. 

In a bid to improve the 
school, staff and governors 
rewrote the timetable so that 
pupils spent more time study- 
ing the subjects which Nor- 
thicotc did best. Modern 
languages and English were 
given a boost, while music and 

humanities were cut hack. Four 
members of staff took voluntaiy 

At the same time, the 
school's finances and manage- 
ment were overhauled. A de- 
caying music wing and dining 
hall were pulled down, and the 
site was cleaned up. 

When the Ofsted inspectors 
returned, they found effective 
leadership, good behaviour, a 
much-improved site and teach- 
ing which was satisfactory or 
better in three-quarters of 

“The school is an orderly 
community: it is now a wel- 
coming place where adults and 
pupils treat each other with mu- 
tual respect," they commented. 

Yesterday the schools minis- 
ter. Robin Squire, praised the 

hard work of its staff and gov- 

“Norlhieote’s success pro- 
vides a challenge to all other 
schools requiring special mea- 
sures to pull together and en- 
sure that their pupils get the 
education they deserve," he 

An adult literacy scheme run 
by the school has been de- 
clared (o be probably the best 
in the country, but Mr Preston 
says progress must continue. Fu- 
ture projecLsvviU include an up- 
grade of the sports facilities and 
further efforts to improve exam 

'You never slop, do you? 
There’s always some way you 
can get better," he said. 

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Speed zones: Norris considers introducing lOmph limit on roads to reduce the number of accidents involving children 

Minister aims to reclaim the streets 


Zones with lOmph speed lim- 
its could be introduced into res- 
idential areas if it could be 
shown that they would reduce 
road accidents, Steve Norris, the 
minister for road safety, said 

Speaking at a conference in 
the City of London, on Play in 
the Streets, Mr Norris said: “If 
20mph zones can be made to 
work, why not consider lower 
limits still." However, he 
warned that preliminary’ stud- 
ies on such zones in the Nether- 
lands suggested that they may 
be less effective than 20mpb 
zones in reducing accidents be- 
cause “children were confused” 
about cars going so slowly. 

Nevertheless, he would look 
at the idea because 20mph 
zones had been shown to he 
effective in reducing speed and 
accidents. There are already 
more than 200 such zones in 
Britain and Mr Norris said reg- 
ulations governing their design 
are being related so that local 
authorities can introduce more. 

A spokeswoman for the Au- 
tomobile Association said it 
supported the idea of lOmph 
zones “in relevant areas such as 
roads without adequate foot- 
paths" . However, she said that 
roads would have to be cobbled 
or designed with chicanes to 
slow the traffic. adding: “You 
can't just stick up a lOmph sign 
and expect it to be obeyed."' 

The conference, organised by 
the National Children's Bu- 
reau and the National Voluntary 
Council for Children's Plav, 

called for the streets to be 
reclaimed as areas in which chil- 
dren could play by examining 
wavs of redesigning streets and 
curtailing traffic. While streets 
used to have several functions 
as spaces for walking, cycling, 
and playing, they have now be- 
come through ways in which the 
sole function is to play host to 
speeding trafGc. 

According to Dr Mayer Hill- 
man, of the Policy Studies In- 
stitute. children have become 
prisoners in their own homes, 
trapped by their parents' fears 
about the dangers of trafGc. In 
1971. SO per cent of 7 and 
eight -year-olds were allowed 
to go to school without adult su- 
pervision. By 1990. this had fall- 
en to 9 per cent. The issue was 
not just about toad accidents but 
about long-term health. “Al- 
ready 450 people die every day 
from coronary heart disease. 
Because children are not al- 
lowed out to walk or cycle, 
they develop a sedentary 
lifestyle. It is a time bomb that 
will explode in terms of death 
rates in 20 or 30 years' time." 

Road accidents are the 
biggest single cause of death for 
children up to the age of 15. 

But. according toRob Whe- 
way. a traffic consultant, we are 
killing our children. “We will kfll 
them in early middle age 
through heart and lung dis- 
ease because they are not get- 
ting healthy exercise that they 
should get in their formative 
years. If children are prevent- 
ed from walking and cycling as 
part of a healthy lifestyle, they 
are unlikely to start these ac- 
tivities in adulthood," he said. 

‘told of; 


* . 

* •* ' 1 

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•• e . t l' v o 

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Street games: Chflcfren playing on streets is a rare s^frt Many are kept indoors trapped by p^ents' fears about the dangers of traffic Ptxtograph: Edward Webb 

Supermarket chain will urge shoppers to keep it green 


Environment Correspondent 

A new’ green supermarket chain 
opened its first branch yesterday 
with the aim of persuading peo- 
ple to shop for a better world. 

The Out of This World chain, 
financed by 2,000 small and en- 
vironmentally-niindcd or so- 
cially concerned investors, has 

established its first shop in Bris- 
tol. A second will open in Gos- 
forth. near Newcastle-on-Tyne. 
next month with seven more to 
follow by the end of next year. 

Customers will be asked to 
become lifetime members of the 
cooperative which runs the 

chain for a £5 fee, although they 
will be offered an initial three 

will be offered an initial three 
month free trial. Yesterday 

dozens were joining while more 
than 1.000 visited the shop. 

“This is about trying to con- 
vert people's social and envi- 
ronmental concerns into 
choices about what they buy," 
said Richard Adams, the man- 
aging director. The membership 
scheme will make customers 
loyal to the shops and encour- 
age them to express their views 

about wbat should and should 
not be stocked. 

Nearly three-quarters of the 
products on sale are food, in- 
cluding locally grown organic 
vegetables and “fair trade" pro- 
duce brought from poor farm- 
ers in developing countries at an 
above-market rate, stable prices. 

The remainder of the stock 
includes items such as paints 

and cleaners with minim um 
environmental harm, beauty 
products and deodorants not 
tested on animals, arts and 
crafts products from the Third 
World, and wines and beers. 

There are 3,000 different lines 
on sale in Bristol, a little less than 
half the number found in one of 
the new, compact urban super- 
markets such as Tesco Metro. 

Each store costs about 
£250,000 to set up and the ex- 
isting investors, recruited mainly 
by magazine advertisements, 
have so far raised nearly £Lm. 
The average investment is £400 
and there are no bank loans. 

If the stores flourish they will 
be reviving a green consumer 
movement which went into re- 
verse after the head)’ days of the 

late 1980s, when every major 
supermarket chain jumped on 
the green bandwagon. 

Earlier this month a healthy 
eating and organic foods su- 
permarket opened in Bavs- 
water. London, run on 
commercial lines. Planet Or- 
ganic hopes to open a second 
store in the capital next year. 

Section Two, page II 

A woman posing as the bufld- ^ 
ing society manageress Caret; 
WardeD rang senior offidalstd V 
discuss safety fears threedays -r 
before she was murdered man 
apparent robbery, a courtvrts ; : '- 
told yesterday. -■ i ; .. . 

The woman phoned the bead- -• 
office of the Woolwich Bufldmg 
Society to report ~a stran ger 
banging around the branch Mrs-. . 
Wardell managed in Nuneaton, • t- 
Warwickshire. : 

David Smith, the customer;., 
relations controller, told Oxford 
Crown Court that the womapi 
who introduced herself as'Tgf, • . 
ol from Nuneaton", askeifbis 
advice about security: and j 
whether she should call poUc&. A 
Mr Smith, who had nevermet; ‘ 
Mrs Wardell, went on holiday'-, 
and only leanii of her murder : ; 
two weeks later. He told the jiny 

that he then “gradua£y:r6r ; 
aJised'* Carol, or someone puiy ; 
porting to be her, had rung Em f - 
a fortnight earlier. 

After watching training 

videos featuring Mrs Wardell, be 
-confirmed hers was not the - 
voice he heard in the fair- • . 
minute phone call. Mr Smith •' ‘ 
was giving evidence on. the - 
third day of the trial of herhubr. ; 

I band, Ciordon. Mr WardeU.42, . 
denies murdering his 39-year- . 
old wife at their horae in Meri- _/ 
den, Warwickshire, on. H-_- 
Seplember last year, before •• 
faking a raid at her building sfe 
defy to make it look as though 
she had been killed by robbers.^;, 
Mr Smith, who worked atthe ,” 1 
society’s headquarters in Efez- 
ieyheath, south-east London, .. 
described the phone call wind . 
he received at 12.10pm oh 8 . .. 
September. He said: “She ja- : . 
traduced herself as Carotfrom 
Nuneaton. She went on to&iy -j 
she was worried alxjut diefaet l' •• 
that someone was hgnftmg . 
around outside the front otthe • 
branch and was worried ■ 
security and the public refcftk?r$ 
aspect of reporting IL* j? & ?-• - - 
“I told her ‘Don't .wtffty:.; 
about that. The securky'of;" .. 

yourself and the staff is themoSt;- % 
important thing. Ring 

lice and don't wony."^ f '. 
The case continues WdhjC>\.f. * 



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Fab Four finally come together in spirit for one last song 

ne ^ Security was tight and tempers frayed 
at the launch of the first new Beatles single for 25 years 

Arts Correspondent 

Security was tight. So tight that 
one frustrated European jour- 
nalist at the launch of die first 
new Beaties music in 25 yeans 
yesterday shouted at the pres- 
ident of EMJ: “Tli is is not the 
Rosetta Stone. This is just a pup 
record that you are marketing." 

His plea failed. Camera 
crews from all over ihe world 
were made to turn their backs 
as an exclusive video of the 
three surviving Beatles an- 
swering questions was shown. 

The first double CD of Bea- 
tles' outtakes. demos and re- 
jected songs was delivered to 
shops yesterday, after having 
spent the last few weeks liter- 
ally under armed guard at the 
warehouse. Its highlight. “Free 
As A Bird", the first genuinely 
new Beatles song in a quarter 
of a century, was played for the 
first time. 

Paul, George and Ringu 
failed to attend a press confer- 
ence at the Savoy Hotel in cen- 
tral London to launch the new 
album. But they were there in 
spirit, or at least on video, to 
give their views on the Beatles’ 
enduring popularity. 

“We were cute," suid George. 
“We certainly made some good 
records, and in our early days 
we were a tight little band 
And we looked quite good at 
the lime, which always helps." 

He put into perspective the 

frenetic pace ol those years 
when he said: "When I was 1 7, 
1 was in Hamburg. By the time 
I was 23 we had dime Sergeant 
Pepper and 1 was in the Hi- 
malayas. We put 20 years into 
every- year." 

Ringo Starr said that impre- 
sarios were still offering the 
three £lbn to play a reunion 
concert. “They don’t quite get 
the picture. There were four of 
us. One of the Bcailc buys isn't 
there any more." he said. 

The surviving members of the 
group used Jeff Lynne, a fellow 
musician, to produce their new 
single "Free As A Bird", in 
which they added their har- 
monics anil music to a cassette 
John Lennon made in 1V77 of 
him singing his composition to 
piano accompaniment. George 
Martin, who was the group’s 
manager, said yesterday he was 
loo busy producing ihe An- 
ihology album, die first uf three 
double CDs to accompany a 
television history of the group 
which begins next weekend. 

The song has a clear Beatles 
sound to it. with harmonies 
reminiscent ol some of the 
songs on Abbey Ruud, the last 
album they recorded back in 
1 %9. It will he released as a sin- 
gle on 4 December. 

Though a number of early 
songs and demos on the album 
are very poor quality, and 
though John Lennon once said 
that everything of worth was 
used on Beatles albums. Mr 

National Trust buys 
McCartney house 


t-W .*<**+, ■ 

Beatles’ ‘birthplace’: McCartney family's council house 

A council house which was 
home to Paul McCartneys fam- 
ily and dubbed the birthplace of 
The Beatles, has been acquired 
by the National Trust, it an- 
nounced yesterday. 

The terraced house. 20 
Forthlin Road in Allerion, Liv- 
erpool, was McCartney's fam- 
ily home for nine years, and 
McCartney and John Lennon 
used it for writing and re- 
hearsing in their early days. 

The family' - Paul, his broth- 


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Marlin defended the project 
yesterday. “1 used to say that. 
But in the last year I have lis- 
tened to every take uf every 
track we have ever done. And 
2 realise that maybe I wasn't 
right. Now I realise that some 
of the early takes may have had 
mistakes but they have charm 
and they are gorgeous. It's in the 
raw. It's warts and all. People 
are ready for it now. They 
wouldn't have been ready in 
1970 or ] WOT he said. 

Derek Taylor, the Beatles' 
pres* officer, said the album was 
similar u> a literary exercise. He 
said it was the "musical equiv- 
alent" of Ihe Churchill Papers. 

Mr Martin said "Free os a 
Bird" was “a super song. E like 
the way the harmonics move. I 
like the lyrics. I don’t think it’s 
as good us Strawberry Fields, 
which actually didn’t gel to 
number one. but 1 think it’s 
much better than other number 
ones we've had. Having heard 
it now 1 wish 1 had produced it 
... This will certainly be num- 
ber one ail over the world". 


Yesterday: George Martin (left), with Jeff Lynne (centre) and Neil Aspinall at the launch of the new Beatles single Photograph. Kevin Lamarqua/Reuter 

er, Mike, father. Jim, and moth- 
er, Mary - moved there in 1955, 
when Paid was 13, and stayed 
until 1%4. when Paul bought bis 
father a house on the Wirral. 

McCartney said yesterday. 
“My mum would have been 
dead chuffed to think our little 
council house would end up 
with the National Trust. It's fan- 
tastic for me and our family." 

The trust said it would not be 
possible to open the house lo 
the public in the near future. 

■\\/s i 






Labour plans a campaign to 

protect women from violence 

L abour intends to put the 
Lord Chancellor on the 
spot over the Family Law Bill 
by trying to reinstate safeguards 
against domestic violence 
dropped at the behest of lory 
moral fundamentalists. 

Lord Irvine of Lairg drew a 
thin smile from Lord Madcay of 
Clashfem when he said the 
Opposition would be putting 
down amendments “to per- 
suade the Lord Chancellor to 
agree with himself”. 

The Family Law Bill, con- 
taining proposals to end “quick- 
ie” divorces and require a 
cooling off period as well as the 
water-down provisions on do- 
mestic violence, goes before 
the Lords for its second read- 
ing next Thursday. 

It is expected to be the start 
of a turbulent passage through 
Parliament. A Family Homes 
and Domestic Violence Bill 
should have passed in the last 
session but was held over after 
a group of Tory MPs protested 
that it would undermine mar- 

riage by giving co-habitants the 
same rights as married couples. 

Opening the resumed de- 
bate on the Queen's Speech, 
Lord Mackay emphasised the 
cross-party support for the safe- 
guards and skated over the 
backbench revolt. He has made 
changes of detail requiring 



j| Stephen 

courts to take account of the fact 
that co-habitants had not made 
the same commitment as mar- 
ried couples. It will also be more 
costly for o> habitants to resolve 
property disputes. 

But Lord Irvine, who would 
be Tony Blair's Lord Chancel- 
lor if Labour wins an election. 

said the Government had suc- 
cumbed “to a campaign of mis- 
information by a tabloid 
newspaper picked up by a tiny, 
unthinking minority m the Con- 
servative Party”. 

Had Lord Mackay soldiered 
on he would have got his orig- 
inal Bill, he said. 

The Bill will extend protec- 
tion against molestation to for- 
mer spouses and to people 
living in the same households. 
“It in no way gives the grasping 
mistress any greater protection 
than she enjoys at presenL But 
it does protect against granny 
bashing or beating up a flat 
mate or a child.” 

Hie Bishop of Chelmsford, 
the Rt Rev John ¥feine, em- 
ihasised the need for adequate 
nding for the proposed me- 
diation service. “At its very 
heart marriage is a loving, car- 
ing relationship,” he said. 
“When that relationship of trust 
and intimacy is in danger, it is 
not the legal bonds which need 
attention but the relationship 

: they are designed to pro- 
- the threat of marriage 

that th< 

tea - the threat of marriage 
breakdown and its conse- 
quences for the children." 

The Ri Rev Waine pointed 
out that when mediation was in- 
troduced in Canada, 19 per 
cent of those seeking advice 
decided on reconciliation. 


A former member of the Se- 
•/nenrity Service yesterday 
added his approval to the Bill 
enabling M15 to work with the 
police in the fight against 
organised crime. 

In a maiden speech. Lord 
Cuckney, former chairman of 
Westland helicopters, said that 
MI5, with its experience of 
counter-terrorism, could be 
deployed against organised 
crime and be “of benefit to the 
stability of the country”. 

But Lord Rodgers of Quar- 
ry Bank, for the Uberal De- 
mocrats, wondered what the 
public would feel about “secret 
police operating on our streets, 
whatever the purpose”. 

Declaration of Interest: Anna Berry, a Hampshire probation officer, joining a lobby of 
Association of Probation Officers to protest at the Home Secretary’s plans for the service 

the NatfonaL- 

Photograph: Edward :Sytes" , 


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k'J'-j.-'j' “v-;' '.V"r7- ;,y • y *' 

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restriction* and exclusions, full .imtt* ajn be sent kj you with jaw Agreement Form. 



1 1 

8 1 




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Your first payment would be £169.01 
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ratOXAEB O L a a, 

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The Data Pnxecflun Act 1S64.Lantfunl Bnr*> us* eM Karina- ■ 

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mbrenca sgrecy aba ■■ nets on omMnr Iwa baan rreds abob you W» 
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. -^lmjrbocriariereaatayou VO* may cnoaw noi n» 




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Bank Limited 

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Rspfemd h Enpmt No. 954571 Rendered office. 
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presses on 



Dismissing allegations of play- 
ing the race card, Michael 
Howard yesterday pressed 
ahead with controversial plans 
to deal with bogus asylum seek- 
ers and illegal immigrants. 

In the face of widespread op- 
position the Home Secretary 
maintained: “Genuine refugees 
will benefit from reduced abuse 
of the asylum system.” 

And in an indication that be 
had overcome Cabinet opposi- 
tion, yesterday’s proposals in- 
cluded plans for criminal 
sanctions against employers who 
hire illegal immigrants. 

The proposals will mean 
about two million people a 
year will have lo prove their 
identities with a passport or 
birth certificate before they can 
gain work. The estimated cost 
to the country's 1.2 million em- 
ployers is about £13-5m to set 
up a monitoring scheme and 
£1 lJm a year to run. 

Mr Howard also confirmed 
plans to introduce a so-called 
“white list” of countries re- 
garded as safe and which are 
therefore unlikely to produce 
genuine asylum seekers. 

Amnesty and other refugee 
organisations expect the list to 
include countries such as Al- 
bania, Bulgaria, the Ivory Coast, 
Poland, and Zimbabwe. But 
because there are so few ap- 
plications from these countries, 
they expect the Government to 
soon add more countries where 
there is concern over human 
rights. These may include India, 
Pakistan and Sri Lanka, Zaire 
and Angola, some of which ap- 
pear on other European Union 
countries' “white Lists”. 

Mr Howard reassured MPs in 
a Commons statement yester- 
day, however, that Nigeria “is 
not and never has been” 
amongst the white list countries. 

Questioned by Sir Trevor 
Skeet, Tory MP for Bedford- 
shire North and an officer of the 
Britisb-Nigerian all-party' group 

of MPs, over fears that genuine, • - 
cases of asylum seekers would . 
be affected. Mr Howard 
replied: “I have borne in miod- .l- 
... the importance of doing - 
nothing to imperil thkcbaikty^ - 
honourable tradition of offer-. . ; 
ing sanctuary to genuine . 
refugees - that we sbo^Wa^_j 
haven, not a honeypot” 

Labour has said it plans to..' 
table a motion calling for &r' 

Bill lo be studied by a speoal .7 
standing committee, forcing s'. .• 
vote after its second readhig^ 

Jim Lester, Toiy^ 

Broxtowe and chairmanoftfe . 
Africa committee on ; tfcfc 
Refugee Council, deowded : 
some way of taking evidMDCfo ;. 
show “what we are seeking to -- 
do is fair, effective, and fulfils 
our international obligations?” •' 
There were signs, however; 
that a wider Tory rebellfon *;. 
might be crumbling, as Con-.? 
servative MPs complained that 
Jack Straw, Mr Howard'! 
Labour shadow, had refused ttf : 
accept that abuse of the asylum 
procedure was a problem. -' ' 
Mr Straw said Labour ac- _ . 
cepted fraudulent asylumseek- ; 
ers must be “weeded ouf* but - 
demanded “cool examination” 
by a special cormmttee to tafo" 
controversy out of the issue. '• 

The Home Secretary -main- . 
tains he has been forced. to act • 
because of a huge increastrm 
the numbers of people daiaung - 
asylum, up from about 4*0^ a 
year in the 1980s toV^hbut - 
40,000 this year. Mr HfiWari 
saidtbmonty4percentoffbOGe & 
are initially granted a^umand . ' ! 
only 4 per cent of appeals are . • 
successful. The outstandh^ : 
number of asylum appIicaffitsK 
75,000. "The scale of the prob- 
lem is alarming,'’ he said. .. 

Refugee groups like Amnesty 
accept there are many, false . 
claims but say the figures are no 
where near as high as the Home 
Office suggests. It blames the 
Home Office for the backlog 
in processing cases and accos- " 
es it of failure to remove asylum 
seekers found to be bogus. 


Lib Dems call for 
electricity rebate 

A £130 electricity bill rebate for 
each of the 23 million domes- 
tic consumers is to be called for 
today tty the Uberal Democrats 
in their alternative Budget, 
writes Patricia Wynn Davies. 

The party is also poised to 
vote against cuts in basic-rale lax 
in next week’s Budget - unless 
the Government invests an ad- 
ditional £2-5 bn in education 
on top of the already expected 
increase, which is likely to cov- 
er inflation plus 2 per cent. 

The suggestion for a Mo- 
nopoly Utility Rebate, or “rip 
off" rebate, stands in contrast 
to Labour’s pledge of a wind- 
fall tax on all the privatised util- 
ities, to go to the Treasury. 

The Libera] Democrats will ar- 
gue today that the rebate, to- 
talling £3bn, should go directly 
to amsurora. They calculate 
£130 per household - in addition 
to a £50 National Grid rebate 
to all consumers - based on al- 
legpd excessive profits made since 

privatisation, and say it should be 

limited to the electricity indus- 

try because its investment needs 
are much lower than water’s. 

Electricity profits are up 60 
per cent in real terms since pri- 
vatisation in 1990-91, with the 
companies making £10.7bn in 
profits in five years. 

The party will also attack the 
long-term objective of Gordon 
Brown, the shadow chancellor, 
of a lOp in the pound starting 
rate for income tax. It will call 
instead for the lifting of 750,000 
people oui of tax and national 
msura noe by increasing the per- 
sonal allowance from £3,525 to 
£3,8 J), paid for by a 50 per cent 
marginal rate of tax on ramina s 
over £100,000. 

Malcolm Bruce, Uberal De- 
mocrat Treasury spokesman, 
told City and business support- 
ers at the House of Commons 
last night that both the Gov- 
ernment and Labour were en- 
gaged m a “shabby deceit” of the 
electorate. Labour’s “casual" 
PfRH 115 ® 8 to cut income tax and 
VAT raise benefits and increase 
s P e ndingdid not add said. 



■J •: 

’■ r t •' 



t afk s: 


Labour urges BSkyB ‘monopoly’ inquiry j goS J 


Media Editor 

A senior Labour MP last night 
called on the Government to 
refer Rupert Murdoch’s 
subscription-TV service, BSkyB. 
to the Monopolies and Merg- 
ers Commission. 

The move follows a campaign 
by UK cable operators to end 
what they call BSkyB’s “abuse 

of its monopoly position" in the 
supply of pay-TV programming 
on satellite and cable. 

In a letter addressed to 
Deputy Prime Minister Michael 
Heseltine, and copied to Ian 
Lang. President of the Board 
of Trade. Labour's shadow 
spokesman on competitive- 
ness and regulation, Richard 
Cabom. called Mr Murdoch’s 
pay-TV monopoly “a serious 
threat to the development of the 
UK's broadcast and communi- 
cations industry". 

Mr Caborn complained that, 
despite complaints from the 
cable industry, the Office of Fair 

Trading “seems unable to reach 
any final decision" concerning 
BSkyB's dominant position in 
the market place. 

With the introduction of dig- 
ital television, he added, “in- 
dependent cable and satellite 
companies could be squeezed 
out of the market for new dig- 
ital services and products, if 
BSkyB’s stranglehold is trans- 
ferred from the analogue to the 
digital environment". 

Several cable companies, led 
by International CableTel, 

Videotion and BeD Cable media, 
have lodged complaints with 
the OFT and with competition 
authorities. They claim that 
BSkyB's control of encryption 
technology used to scramble 
and unscramble broadcast sig- 
nals, along with its long-term 
agreements for the supply of 
movies and spoils, make it im- 
possible to compeLe. 

Specifically, the cable com- 
panies have complained that 
long-term supply agreements 
between BSkyB and the two 

biggest cable operators, Nynex 
CabJeComms and Telewest, are 
anti-competitive, and had. made 
it impossible for the cable 
industry to develop pay-per- 
view sports and film program 1 
ming to compete with BSkyB. * 

The OFT said last summer 
that it had demanded changes 
in the agreements but has yet 
to announce the new contract 

BSkyB, which operates satel- 
lite channels and provides pro- 
gramming for cable through 

contracts on an a la carte basis, 
had no comment last night 
The OFT spokesman said: 
“The contracts are very com- 
plicated, and we are still con- 
sidering the arrangements.” He 
added that there was no 
timetable for a decision, and 
Thai consultations continued. 

■ The competition watchdog 
has already ruled on BSkyB s 
competitive practices, over- 
turning arrangements between 
the satellite broadcaster and the 
US-based Disney Channel ear- 

lier this month. The OFT had 
aimed to end the “bundling” ™ 
BSkyB's movie channels with 
Disney, and only available to 
subscribers who take both pre- 
mium BSkyB sendees. 

Although the bundling 
arrangement has been revised, 
the OFT said yesterday it con- 
tinued to monitor the situatioa 
Earlier this year, BSkyB 

agreed to informal undertaking 

on the supply of programming 
to the cable industry. But many 
smaller companies complain 

that the agreements have not' - 
improved competition. l i . 

Mr Cabom s ratervehijon . 
follows several high-profile 
complaints from senior media ; 
executives, including Channel . 
4’s Michael Grade arid Leslie ; 
Hill, chairman of CentralTfefe^ - 
vision, about the role BSkyBr 
plays in the supply ofpay-TV - 
prog ramming in the UK. 

“My letter reflects my;cpa- 

tition policy we have :in this 
country.” Mr Cabom said. 

Funeral in Toxteth: Police hope that bloody cycle of street violence will come to an end with the burial of David Ungi 

' : ■ : 

Fears as family 
bids farewell to 
inner-city legend 


The family was believed to 
have spenl £12.000 on Lhe wake 
Iasi nighL, a torrent of a send- 
off for David Ungi which police 
in Liverpool hope will drown the 
cycle of gangland vengeance 
which led to his fatal ambush. 

Mr Ungi was gunned down in 
Toxteth in May. His funeral yes- 

terday raised detectives' fears 
that the decorum of a requiem 

mass at Our Lady of Mount 
Carmel church will be an over- 
ture to further settling of scores. 

In their own inner city patch, 
the Ungi family are nobility, 
evoking fear and deference. 

The funeral will make work- 

ing class legend- Its cortege of 
31 stretch limousines took five 

minutes to pass and had to be 
double parked before the 
mourners could walk to the 
church watched by a crowd of 
about 1,000 people. 

More than 150 family and 
close friends stepped from the 
limos, their gold bracelets and 
sunbed tans conspicuous in the 
monotone of mean streets. 

A flat bed lorry followed the 
procession, covered with flow- 
ers. Mr Ungi’s three sons sent 
a 5ft high tableau depicting his 
picture and a dove. There were 
floral boxing rings, a boxing 
glove and titles - to “Dad", “Un- 
cle”, “Brother”, and “Gent”. 

His mother, Vera, composed 
a memorial notice in the Liver- 

pool Echo, turning her late 
son's name into an acronym: 
“D" for Distinguished, “A" for 
Admirable, through to “1" for 

Not all the family could be at 
the graveside at Allerton ceme- 
tery! where all other funerals 
had been cancelled for the day. 
Two of Mr Ungi's six brothers 
are in custody charged with a 
violent reprisal, while an uncle 
and six friends joined them 
yesterday on drugs charges. 

Police investigating Mr 
Ungi’s murder named two men 
they wanted to question in con- 
nection with the attack, when 
two shots left Mr Ungi to bleed 
to death. Both men are believed 
to be in Jamaica. 

The feud has so far led to 12 
shooting incidents. Six people 
have been hurt, many more 
frightened. At the height of the 
violence, police cradled 
machine-guns as they patrolled 
the streets of Toxteth. 

Vendettas had begun be- 
tween Mr Ungi's entourage 
and rivals from nearby Granby 
when machismo was wounded, 
according to police. An insult in 
a pub named Cbeers became a 
street fight, then a shooting, 
then a murder. 

What happens after the wake 
will determine whether bloody 
jealousy will be laid to rest 
with David Ungi. In the mean- 
time. all police leave has been 

Final journey: The funeral cortege for David Ungi, shot dead in a feud that has seen 12 shooting incidents in Toxteth, making its way to Allerton cemetery 

in LiverpooF^% 

Free copier with every in battle over pay and hours 

JL %/ BARRIE CLEMENT disruption, with the company’s because it would mean a re- have difficulty in rest 

SF600 fax machine! 


Labour Editor 

The Vauxhall motor company 
was warned yesterday that it wifi 

face an overtime ban and a uni- 
lateral two-hour cut in the 
working week unless there is a 
substantial improvement in an 
offer on pay and conditions. 

In the wake of a strike vote 
of almost four to one, union 
leaders have given manage- 
ment until tomorrow to improve 
its proposals. VhuxhaU’s manu- 
al employees have been of- 
fered 3.5 per cent this year 
with an increase tied to the in- 
flation rale next year, but man- 
agement has refused to concede 
a reduction in hours. 

Union leaders said that if 
management did not address 
the claim, they would give the 
statutory seven days' notice of 

disruption, with the company’s 
10.00U workers taking action 
from around 30 November. 

Tony Woodley, chief nego- 
tiator for the motor industry at 
the Transport and General 
Workers’ Union, said Vauxhall 
would at least have to match the 
offer from Ford, which gave 
workers a minimum of 9.25 
per cent over two years, but 
which had been rejected by the 
union leaders. 

Roger Butler, of the Amal- 
gamated Engineering and Elec- 
trical Union, emphasised the 
employees' claim for a reduction 
in the working week from 39 to 
37 hours at the company's two 
plants at Luton and Ellesmere 
Port on Merseyside. 

Bruce Wannan, Vauxhall 's di- 
rector of personnel, said the 
company was “adamant" over 
its refusal to grant fewer hours 

because it would mean a re- 
duction in competitiveness. “We 
are absolutely determined not 
to reduce hours. It’s funda- 
mental to our position. It is not 
on the agenda.” The offer on 
pay was “fair", and would cost 
the company around 5 per cent 
in each of the two years. The 
package included an extra day’s 
holiday and a new vehicie- 
leasing scheme. There was no 
room for manoeuvre, he said. 

He registered his concern and 
disappointment about the vote 
in which 5,201 opted for strikes 
with 1,425 against The vote for 
disruption short of walkouts 
was even larger at 5,971 to 684. 

Bill Morris, general secretary 
of the T&G, said industrial ac- 
tion was inevitable unless there 

was a “substantial improve- 
ment" in the offer. “Our mem- 

bers feel very strongly. We will 

have difficulty in restraining 
them," he said. 

At Ford, union offldals are. 
consulting their members^ 
the 13 plants over a two-paxtofe 
fer which gives 4.75 per centre \ 
the first year, and 4.5 per ceiit 
or the inflation rate plusO^p^: 
cent whichever is greater^gihe 
second. Officials are expbefedi 
tomorrow to call for 
gotia lions, but some plai|pt£ . 
less enthusiastic about awtat 
on industrial action than 

Ammunition for the U&obs_ 
came yesterday from 
dustrial Relations Services re- 
search group which found few: 
engineering firms had suffered 
as a result of cutting hows.'Qf ' 
21 companies that cut hours sis . 
a result of a onion campaign fit 
1989-91, two-thirds sufferedrip ■ 
adverse consequences and a 
third reported it beneficial, 

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£500000 theft 

case collapses 

Carey summons 


rebel bishop 

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Two grandmothers charged 
with embezzling more than 
£500,000 from a firm of solici- 
tors walked free from court 
yesterday after the Crown's 
case against them dramatically 

Eleanor Masson, 62. and 
Doreen Cruickshank, 55, denied 
stealing £572,778 from the 
Aberdeen lawyers Stone, 
Cruden and Simpson. 

The Crown had claimed the 
cash was embezzled between 
January 1982 and February 
1991, while the women worked 
as legal cashiers with the firm. 

But after only two witnesses 
had given evidence in the Ab- 
erdeen Sheriff Court trial - 
which began on 9 November 
and was initially expected to last 
several months - both accused 
were acquitted by Sheriff Ken- 
neth Forties, to gasps from the 
public benches. 

The defence counsel in the 
case, Herbert Kerrigan QC 
and Edward Targowski QC, 
criticised the Crown for its 
“incompetence" during four 
years of compiling evidence. 

The women were freed after 
the Crown was unable to con- 
tinue its case because of diffi- 
culties in presenting evidence of 
bank statements under the Pris- 
oners and Criminal Proceedings 
(Scotland) Act of 1993- 
Sheriff Forbes rejected a 
Crown motion asking for the 
case to be deserted temporar- 
ily and for an extension until 


Religious Affairs Correspondent 

next April to allow Lhe prose- 
cution to change its method of 
presenting evidence. 

Masson, of Bumieboozle 
Crescent, Aberdeen, and 
Cruickshank, of Gordon Court, 
Newmachar, near Aberdeen, 
showed no reaction as they left 
pie dock, neither acknowledg- 
ing the other. Lawyers for the 
Crown would not say if they 
would appeal. but added: “We 
arc reviewing our position." 

Melville Watson, a senior 
partner with Slorie, Cruden 
and Simpson, later criticised the 
way the case collapsed. It is un- 
derstood that the firm is pur- 
suing a separate civil case 
against both women in the 
Court of Session in Edinburgh. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Dr George Carey, has sum^ 
moned one of his “flying bish- 
ops” to Lambeth P&lace after he 
called on the Church to re- 
nounce female priests three 
yearn after the General Synod 
decided to ordain them. 

The Rt Rev Edwin Barnes, 
Bishop of Richborough. is one 
of the three “flying bishops" spe- 
cially appointed to minister to 
opponents of female priests. 

In the last 10 years, female 
pnests and their supporters have 
been compared to the Aids virus, 
to witches who should be burnt 
at the stake, and to an army of 
occupying Nazis. Those who 
used these terms were not lay- 
men but priests, even bishops. 

Their views would be shared 
by two of the three most senior 
bishops: the Archbishop of 
York, Dr David Hope, and the 
Bishop of London, the Rt Rev 
Richard Chartres, both of whom 
nave been appointed since the 
General Synod voted in No- 

vember 1992 to ordain women- 
Meanwhile, the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, Dr George: 
Carey, has called some oppo- 
nents of female pnests 
“heretics". He later withdrew, 
the remark, but it does seem to 
represent his op inion of those' 
who hold that a wo man can nev- 
er be a priest, including the Rt 
. Rev Edwin Barnes, who 'called. - 
at the weekend for a campaign 
to repeal the 1992 legislation- . 

All this is the sour fruit of- 8 
compromise hastily agarnhte d af- 
ter the Synod vote. The official 
doctrine is now that some 
worawi are priests, frit no one has 
to believe even that women can • 
be priests. The consequence is b 
oth sides feel betrayed. 

So fer, 1500 women have been 
ordained as priests. Yet stories 
all over the country show 
that the women have the great- 
est difficulty fin ding jobs - - • 
The opponents of female 
priests are organised by {forward 
uj Faith, whose chairman, Br 
John Broadhurst, over the 
weekend compared his ene- 
mies to a Nazi occupying army. 

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Ohfotalks: ^ settlement m 'ght end the fighting but with all three factions harbouring doubts over territory, it might not end the war 

Bosnian leaders still balk at compromise 

A bad peace is better than a war. 
said Bosnia's outgoing Foreign 
Minister, Muhamcd Sacirbcv 
last weekend. However, the 
question on everyone's mind at 
the Ohio talks on former Yu- 
goslavia was whether the peace 
settlement taking shape was so 
bad that it might simply lead to 
another war some time in the 

All three delegations - the 
berbs, the Croats and the Mus- 
lun-led Bosnian government - 
made it clear during the three 
weeks of negotiations that they 
tod senous reservations ahout 
the concessions they were be- 
ing asked to make. Each had its 
reasons for considering the pro- 

posed settlement a bad one. 

The Muslims, doubtful that 
the deal would succeed in keep- 
ing Bosnia a united stale in its 
pre-war borders, wanted 
stronger powers for the central 
government in Sarajevo than 
the settlement envisaged. They 
were also angry at having to ac- 
cept Bosnian Serb control of 
almost all eastern Bosnia, 
especially the former United 
Naiions-protectcd “safe areas** 
of Srebrenica and Zcpa. 

The Serbs disliked the fact 
that the settlement restored 
Sarajevo as a united city, with 
free movement of people in ail 
areas. They wanted centra! 
Bosnian institutions to have 

even less power than was out- 
lined in the settlement, doubt- 
less so that the Bosnian Serb 
zone - occupying 49 per cent of 
the republic - could establish 
the desest possible tics with Ser- 
bia proper. 

As for the Bosnian Croats, 
they were outraged at the sug- 
gestion that they should cede 
Bosanska Posavina. a Croat- 
populated piece of land in 
northern Bosnia, in order to ac- 
commodate the Serbs’ demands 
for a wider corridor linking 
their two slabs of territory in 
Bosnia. In a letter to the chief 
US negotiator. Richard Hol- 
brooke, the Bosnian Croat 
leader. Krcsimir Zubak, com- 

A boy waits outside a post office in Sarajevo to send parcels to family in the Muslim 
enclave of Gorazde. They are searched by the UN and then sent 


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. tnr* ooen Mcoday to Friday 9am-8pm, Saturday and Sunday 9am- 5pm. 

plained that he had been ex- 
cluded from negotiations on the 
maps and described the pro- 
posed settlement as “not satis- 
fying even the most basic 
criteria of a just peace". 

Ironically, the surrender of 
Posavina in exchange for more 
land for the Croats in western 
Bosnia was a proposal said to 
have originated in talks between 
Croatia's President, Banjo Tudj- 
rruuv, and Serbia's President, 
Slobodan Milosevic. With their 
eyes fixed on the wider Balkan 
picture, these two men have 
never flinched at the prospect of 
sacrificing certain interests of 
their respective cKenis in Bosnia. 

Ycl even Mr Tbdjman and Mr 

Milosevic could not be entirely 
pleased with the compromises 
being hammered out at a mili- 
tary base in the American Mid- 
West. One important agreement 
allows Serbs to stay in the Croa- 
tian region of eastern Slavonia, 
but it is difficult to believe that 
Mr Tbdjman really wants peo- 
ple who launched an armed re- 
volt against his rule in 1991 to 
keep a foothold on Croatian sofl- 
Mr Milosevic is known lo 
have protested at the insis- 
tence of the US - and the 
Bosnian government - that 
UN-indicted war criminals, in- 
cluding the chief Bosnian Serb 
and Croatian Serb leaders, 
should stand trial in The Hague. 

This issue remained conieniious 
throughout the Ohio talks. 

The dissatisfaction of the 
three sides stems from a feeling 
in each camp that it may still be 
possible to gain more from fight- 
ing than from peace, if not now 
then in years lo come. This is par- 
ticularly true for the Muslims and 
Croats, who turned the military 
tables on the Serbs in dramatic 
fashion last summer and believe 
they could have pressed on to a 
convincing victory. 

Mr Milosevic has a more 
pressing interest in peace, since 
it should cause UN sanctions on 
Serbia to be lifted. Bui this is not 
to say that cither he or Serb 
leaders in Bosnia and Croatia 

have ruled out the future use of 
armed force in pursuit of his- 
toric Serb national goals. 

Il is more likely that they view 
the wars of 1991-95 as one 
more chapter in the almost 
200-year history of the na tional 
effort to bring all Serbs into a 
single slate. This effort went cat- 
astrophically wrong last Au- 
gust with the elimination of Lhe 
Krajina Serb community of 
Croatia, but the establishment 
of a Bosnian Serb political unit 
covering half of Bosnia is breed- 
ing hope that one day this area 
can be merged with Serbia. 

For its part, Croatia believes 
il has unfinished business in 
eastern Slavonia and possibly in 

How Nato force 
will attempt to 
police the deal 

CRO AT\A i. 

western and southern Bosnia. In 
those areas, ultra-nationalist 
Herzcgovinan Croats would 
much rather be absorbed into 
a Greater Croatian state than 
stay part of Bosnia’s Muslim- 
Croal federation. 

The Ohio negotiations were 
difficult because each delegation 
feared it had more to lose than 
lo win by talking peace. This was 
perhaps inevitable after a war 
that failed lo produce a dear-cut 
victor and left all three com- 
batants with an even stronger 
sense of justice on iheir side than 
when they started fighting. But 
it does not augur well. 

Tony Barber 

50 mite 



Defence Correspondent 

The first Nato troops of the 
peace implementation force 
for Bosnia should be on their 
way immediately a peace agree- 
ment is reached But it will lake 
more than three months for the 
whole, 60,000-strong force to ar- 
rive. The plan is for them to re- 
main for a year, though that 
could be extended. 

The force wD] operate dif- 
ferently from the UN, which 
went into Bosnia to escort hu- 
manitarian aid and got out of 
the way when the local parties 
attacked each other. Nato's 
roicwiUbeto keep the warring 
sides apart, by force if necessary. 
It wffl have more “robust" rules 
of engagement allowing it to 
open fire if of the local parties 
breaks the ceasefire. 

It is hoped there will be a two- 
mile wide demilitarised zone be- 
tween the sides, although that 
will take time to establish, with 
Nato units deployed at key 
junctions and vantage points. 
However, the peace line will 
stretch for more than 600 miles 
across some of the steepest 
and most difficult country in Eu- 
rope so, unlike the UN force, 
the Nato troops will make ex- 
tensive use of helicopters. 

set to lift 


New \frrk 

The United Nations Security . 
Council was ready yesterday to 
begin unravelling the sanctions 
in place against all sides in the 
Yugoslav oonflict wben and if a I 
peace agreement emerged from 
peace talks in Dayton, Ohio. , 

A first resolution was aimed 
at suspending indefinitely the 
economic sanctions imposed 
on Serbia and Montenegro at 
the start of the war in 1992. 

Also on the table was a res- 
olution ending the arms em- 
bargo against the Bosnian I 
government. Manoeuvres in 
the Security CouncU were be - , 
ing choreographed with the 
progress in Dayton. A first 
meeting to consider the two j 
texts was held on Sunday { 
evening, well before the out- 
come of the peace talks was . 

By signalling lhe willingness 
of the UN to lift sanctions, 
Washington may have been 
looking to generate additional I 
incentives for the governments 
of Serbia and Bosnia to over- 
come last-minute obstacles in 
Dayton and sign the accord. 

The economic sanctions 
against Serbia would be sus- 
pended instantly and indefi- 
nitely on the signing of the 
peace agreement, diplomats 
said, although they could be 
reimposed just as quickly if 
Belgrade failed fully to honour 
it All sanctions against the 
Bosnian Serbs would remain un- 
til it was firmly established that 
its forces had withdrawn behind 
“zones of separation” laid out 
in the peace plan. The suspen- 
sion of the arms embargo cat the 
Bosnians would be phased over 
180 days. 

The ban on the supply of 
heavy weaponm»Jd be the last 
to be lifted at the end of the sk- 
znonth period. 

Because of procedural rales, 
neither of the two resolutions 
could be formally adopted un- 
til today. 

A peace deal would also 
oblige the Security Council to 
consider winding up the the 
UN’s peace-keeping missions 
lhe former Yugoslavia and 
handing over to the planned 
Nato force. 

The Nalo plan divides the 
Bosnian pie into three roughly 
equal segments cutting across 
the present front lines between 
the warring factions. 

In the first fortnight, the 
“enabling force” of about 2,000 
headquarters staff from all 
Nato's 16 countries will arrive 
in Bosnia by air. They will in- 
clude staff officers, signals 





troops, and engineers to set up 
the expanded headquarters 
needed by the force. Then the 

Nato corps commander, British 
Lieutenant General Mike Walk- 
er. will arrive in Sarajevo and 
take over command from the 
UN Protection Force, probably 
in early December. 

At this time, those UN troops 
already in Bosnia who are be- 
ing “converted” to Nalo status 
wfll swap blue helmets for Nato 
camouflage. It will take anoth- 
er three months for the rest of 
the 60,000 to reach former Yu- 
goslavia and deploy along either 
side of a four kfloroetre-wde de- 
militarised zone between the 
former warring factions. 

The Nato planners' job has 
been complicated because they 
have not known exactly bow the 
territory will be divided be- 
tween the Serbs and the Mus- 
lim-Croat federation in the 
peace settlement. They have 

Adriatic Sea ' 

^v-Cioatia proper 

^2- Musfim and * 

Serbia proper Hi Croat Md area __ -s!® 

of Bosnia 

Serb held areas 

— of Bosnia & Croatia Duhrnhoik 

□ Main areas of contention 
at peace conference 

bad to work on the basis of the 
present areas of control. Al- 
though there were expected lo 
be exchanges of territory, it has 
been assumed that the areas of 
control will not change greatly. 

Gen Walkers headquarters 
will be in Sarajevo, possibly at 
the Olympic stadium (bough 
that will require much further 
work before it is ready to receive 


■ Nato Allied Rapid 
Reaction Corps HQ 

Frarce jgg 

~ - — — . Rniwvtaitec hahunan 

the 2^500-slrong corps head- 
quarters and supporting troops. 

The US 1st Armoured Divi- 
sion. based at Grafenwohr in 
Germany, will move in via Hun- 
gary with two brigades of tanks 
and Bradley infantry fighting 
vehicles and a brigade of 
Apache attack helicopters to 
monitor the northern area, 
based at Tuzla. 

The French 6th Division, 
based at Mostar, will be re- 
sponsible for the south east of 
the country, including Sarajevo. 
The headquarters of the British 
3rd Division commanded by 
Major General Mike Jackson 
will be at Gornji Vakuf, an 
area familiar to the British 
from three years as UN peace- 

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Sr- - v 

■ yjf •• 




‘Moses of left’ 

vows to lead 

Poles to unity 

PM in 





Aleksander Kwasniewski, the 
surprise victor yesterday in 
Poland's presidential election, 
has been called many things in 
his time, lo Lech Walesa, the 
man he defeated, be is simply 
a “Bolshevik". To members of 
his own reformed Communist 
party, he is the “Moses of the 
Left". His friends call him 
“Olek”. And pretty soon he bet- 
ter get used to “Mr President". 

With counting almost com- 
plete, official returns showed 
that Mr Kwasniewski bad cap- 
tured 51.7 per cent of the vote 
compared to Mr Walesa's 48.5 
per cenL The narrow margin un- 
derlined the extent to which 
Poland remains divided be- 
tween Co mm unism (or its suc- 
cessors) and Solidarity which 
toppled it in 1989. 

Mr Kwasniewski, sports min- 
ister in the last Communist 
government and who now de- 
scribes himself as a social de- 
mocrat, wasted no time in 
appealing to his countrymen to 
lay the past aside. “Our task can 
only be carried out ifwe all work 
together," he told ecstatic sup- 
porters. “Our aim has to be na- 
tional reconciliation and unity.* 

The appeal echoed Mr Kwas- 
niewski's slogan, “Let's Choose 

the Future” and it clearly struck 
a chord with younger voters 
whose memories of the old 
regime have faded and who ral- 
lied firmly to his cause. 

The President-elect, himself 
41. hailed his young followers 
as “our greatest chance and our 
greatest hope". But he will 
have a tough battle gaining any 
acceptance among the sup- 
porters of Mr Walesa, a man 
who built his career on battling 
Communists and who sees Mr 
Kwasniewski as the incarnation 
of everything he opposed. 

In what became an increas- 
ingly bitter campaign, Mr Wale- 
sa repeatedly charged that Mr 
Kwasniewski was incapable of 
changing his Communist spots 
and that his victory would mean 
Poland falling into the clutch- 
es of “a clique of old comrades 
linked in a ‘Red Spiderweb'." 

In a warning shot of battles 
to come, the defence, foreign 
and interior ministers - all appointees - signalled 
that they would be packing 
their bags. “I respect the out- 
come of democratic elections," 
said Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, 
the Foreign Minister, “but 1 do 
not accept a single-party system 
which is now approaching." 

Although he was a member 
of the Communist Party from 
1977 until it dissolved itself in 

1990, Mr Kwasniewski says he 
was too young and junior to 
have been involved in anything 
too unsavoury. He defends his 
decision to remain in the par- 
ty after the declaration of mar- 
tial law in 1981 on the grounds 
he wanted to help reform h. 

In 1989, he was one of the 
government representatives at 
die Round Table talks with Sol- 
idarity that paved the way to the 
first partially free elections in 
eastern Europe for over 40 

Intelligent, articulate and at- 
tractive, Mr Kwasniewski 
emerged as the natural leader 
of the Democratic Left Al- 

liance (SLD) that sprung from 
the ashes of die old Co mmunist 

the ashes of the old Communist 
party in 1990- Under his lead- 
ership, moreover, he and the 
party have never looked back. 

In 1993, campaigning on a 
ticket of softening the hardships 
of economic transformation, it 
romped to victory in parlia- 
mentary elections. With Mr 
Kwasniewski's triumph in the 
presidential election, the party 
has almost come full circle. 

Mr Wfelesa, whose abrasive 
style alienated many of his for- 
mer friends and allies, is now 
likely to try to unite the hope- 
lessly divided centre and right 
in preparation for fresh 
parliamentary elections. 

' - £- 




Andreas Papandreou, the- 
Greek Prime Minister, was; 
rushed into intensive care at 

Warsaw wave: Ex-Communist Aleksander Kwasniewski, with his wife, Jolanta, acknowledges the cheers of his 
supporters as it becomes dear he is to be the new President of Poland Photograph: Peter Andrews/Reuter 

New SPD leader courts 
former Communists 




s sV.v'M 

\-i.i .A:-. O* 

-T-rin* V- ■ 


A wink from Germany’s largest 
oppositiou party to the heirs of 
the Communist regime in the 
east has shattered the biggest 
taboo in national politics, sig- 
nificantly shortening the odds on 
a future left-wing government. 

The initiative comes from Os- 
kar Lafontaine, the Social De- 
mocrats’ new leader. Yesterday 
he indicated for the first time 
that the Party of Democratic So- 
cialism (PDS), the successors to 
East Germany's rulers, should 
no longer be treated like a lep- 
er colony. “We must give every- 
one a chance lo contribute to 
our democracy," Mr Lafontaine 
told Der Spiegel. 

He had already announced 
that he would meet the PDS 
leader. Gregor Gysi. In yester- 
day’s statement he spelled out 
his reason bluntly: “Despite all 
the friction ... there is a majority 
for the left-wing camp." 

Though tbat majority eludes 
them in the present parlia- 
ment, opinion polls show that 
the combined forces of Serial 
Democrats, Greens and the 
PDS could outrun the conser- 
vative coalition if elections were 
held tomorrow. The Greens 

and the PDS have gained voters 
since last year’s general elec- 
tions, and the struggling Social 
Democrats improved by six 
points when they ditched their 
Dalek-like leader, Rudolf 

bers of the former Politburo 
stand trial for the killing of 
refugees fleeing to the West 
Egon Krenz, the last general sec- 
retary of the ruling party, and his 
five colleagues are charged with 

Scbarping. at last week's party ordering the shoot-to-kfll policy, 
conference. a crime for which only humble 

But such arithmetic takes no border guards have gone to jail 

account of the inevitable back- 
lash among Mr Lafontaine’s 
voters. Revulsion towards the 
PDS is universal in the western 
part of the country, but espe- 
cially palpable among the Social 
Democrats. Contacts between 
MPs from the two parties are 
non -existent, and wnen politi- 
cians do appear together occa- 
sionally on television, the Social 
Democrats squirm at the sight 
of their would-be comrades 
from the east. 

Their loathing is shared by 
most of the voters. Though the 
PDS has repudiated the regime 
of Erich Honecker and dis- 
tanced itself from his henchmen, 
matty of its politicians now in 
parliament were small cogs m 
the wheel of East Germany's 
machine of oppression. 

Reminders of the East’s 
legacy are omnipresent. Should 
they forget, Germans are about 
to be treated to a large dose of 
the evils of the past, as six mem- 

so far. 

But if the PDS has an image 
problem, it has done its leaders 
no harm in the east. Its recent 
successes, particularly in last 
month's regional elections, 
when it contributed to a heavy 
Soria] Democrat defeat, are 
the main reason Mr Lafontaine 
seeks an accommodation. De- 
spite an upswing in the eastern 
economy, left-wing voters there 
seem less inclined than ever to 
conform to western political 
tastes. The Social Democrats 
and the Greens are making no 
headway as their natural base 
is eaten away by the PDS. 

Until now, the Social Demo- 
crat tactic in the east was to ig- 
nore the PDS, hoping it will fade 
away. That is not going to hap- 
pen, so Mr Lafontaine must find 
a new tack. But conferring re- 
spectability on post-Commu- . 
nists will only enhance their 1 
standing and may further erode 
the Social Democrat vote. 

yesterday, sounding alarm bells - - r ; • 
about his failing health and- ' 1 
a dding a dramatic new ele-; lr- '_ 
ment to the aamfonrous debate.:. - - 
about his succession. 

A spokesman at the Onassis - 
Health Centre said that the 76- /- . 
year-old founder oftheGreek 
socialist movement, who has a", 
history of heart disease, has . 
pneumonia, but his condition is/ 

■o»iri to be under control. 

Other reports suggested.tha£. ■ \!t! 
he was also suffering fromse-’ 
vere stomach pains. :• ■ '/ .’ 

Mr Papandreou underwentra V v 
triple bypass operation in 1988 : . 

and was fitted with an artificial 
valve in his heart. He has been .-..-i 
in and out of hospital with car- ' 
disc problems ever since. • 

Since returning to powexfor : 

a thir d term as Prime Minister - 
in 1993, he has looked so, frail - : ; 

that many politicians and po^-Ay;-' 
litical observers, including those, 
inside his own Pasok party, sus- i ; 
pect he is no longer able to cope . 
with his workload * 

His refusal to discuss his fri- ' " 
ture, either before or after the ' . ; r 7 
next general elections due m : r 
1997, and his increasing re-V'.;' : ./ 
fiance on his young wife Mfim, ' , 

who heads his private office, 
have provoked a serious split -• 
within Pasok and the formation : ; 
of an internal opposition mover \i." . 
ment that has been increasing-' !. 
ly vocal in its criticisms. 

His government has suffered - ; 
from a flurry of resignations and 
reshuffles in the past few '- - 

Mre Papandreou was by her -- .. 
hukiand’s side as he was driven -' 
off to hospital yesterday mom- -- 
ing, just as she has followed him •* 
every step of the way since : ; :V 
bursting into the limelight asiris 
mislress during the 1989 generals 
election campaign. ’ 1 V 

Mr Papandreou has always 
maintain ed that she saved has 1- 
life and gave him the strength 
to keep going, but die Pasok dis- \j ' 

sidents have accused her of v 
abusing her position to filter ac- . 
cess to the Prime Minister, fos- - 'C 

ter a private clique of court A 
favourites, and cultivate her ^ 
own political ambitions. . "" 

The announcement three. 
months ago that she intended ’ ” 
to run for parliament provoked 
a riolent backlash, including the . - • - 
publication in tabloid news- 
papers of old photos of her sun- ) 
bathing naked. - 

Papandreou: Heart disease 

!" V 

-r -V 

■fi i . • - -’l ' j ..'i 

Conservatives gain 
in Catalan poll 


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Madrid — Catalonia's veteran 
nationalist leader. Jordi Pujol, 
has been unexpectedly stripped 
of the absolute majority he had 
enjoyed in the regional parlia- 
ment since 1984 after voters 
punished him for his pact with 
Felipe Gonzalez's scandal-rid- 
den Socialist government in 
Madrid, writes Elizabeth Nash. 

Mr Pujol's Convergence and 
Union (CiU) party, whose share 
of the vole in Sunday's region- 
al election dropped from 46.2 
to 41 per cent, remains, with 60 
seats, the favourite among Cat- 
alonia’s 5 million voters. The 
conservative People’s Party 
(PP) won 13.1 per cent and in- 
creased its strength in the Cata- 
lan parliament from seven to 17 
seals, despite a campaign that 
made few concessions to re- 
gional sensibilities. 

The PP is now the third force 
in Catalonia, supplanting the 

pro-independence Republican 
Left (ERC). More important- 
ly, it has made the breakthrough 
in hostile terrain that could 
deliver a derisive advantage in 
national elections due in March. 

The Catalan Socialists, with 
24.8 per cent, fell back slightly 
from 46 seats to 34, but avoid- 
ed the collapse that was wide- 
ly predicted in the opinion 
polls, ft was Mr Pujol who paid 
the heaviest price for support- 
ing Mr Gonzalez. 

The PP s leader, Jose Maria 
Aznar, who played a prominent 
role in the campaign, is now ex- 
pected to put out friendlier 
feelers to Mr Pujol’s party. The 
PP is favoured to win March's 
general elections, but may need 
CiU support to rule. Mr Pujol's 
setback on Sunday makes it all 
the more likely that the next 
government in Madrid will be 
a conservative one. 

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EU rejects call for oil embargo on Nigeria 


Brus sels 

The European Union yesirrdav 

rejected calls for M0 il ,-mhar 

South Africa pressed for a 
“PrpfflalfaapiHs, the 

foreign minislcts 
agreed to an arms embargo and 
a senes of less drastic penalties 

in response 10 the execution of including a suspension of mili- 
i^cn.Saro-Wiwa and eight wh- laxy cooperation and visa re- 
urs ins month. Gcnnany joined Mrictions for members of 

Sweden in supporting the im- 
position of an oil blockade but 
other member states called for 
a, more cautious approach, de- 
ciding that further measures 
needed more examination. 

In a statement, the 15 mem- 

M net ions for members of 
military and security forces. 

Strengthening the 1993 sanc- 
tions. the EU yesterday agreed 
to add new visa restrictions 
against civilian leaden in the 

weapon platforms and equip- 
ment. It also covers spare parts, 
repairs, maintenance and trans- 
fer of military technology. 

In South Africa, the secre- 
tary-general of the African Na- 
tional Congress, Cyril 
Ramaphusa, claimed that 
Britain was planning a freeze on 
assets and was “considering” an 

that “we are not un to that yet “. 

At yesterday's meeting in 
Brussels. Klaus KinkcL the Ger- 
man Foreign Minister, ex- 

cmhargo - but acknowledged 
that there was little support tor 
the idea. "We are not satisfied, 
and want to go further." she said 

pressed .support lor tougher after the meeting. 

neeueu more examination. Nigerian ruling council and Britain was planning a freeze on 
in a statement, the 15 mem- federal executive committee assets and was "considering" an 
oer states confirmed their com- and their families. The arms cm- oil embargo. British officials 
milment to maintain measures hargo covers all weapons de- were keen" to downplay these 
taken against Nigeria in 1993, signed to kill, and ammunition, possibilities, however, saying 

measures. “I favour an oil em- 
bargo and a freeze or assets be- 
cause these arc the measures 
that would probably impress 
Nigeria," he said. 

The Swedish Foreign Minis- 
ter. Lena Hjdm-Wdltaualso ex- 
pressed support for the oil 

South Africa, whose moral 
voice now perhaps counts for 
most of all. has notably tough- 
ened its stance from President 
Nelson Mandela's softly-softly 
approach, when the death sen- 
tence on Saro-Whva and the 
eight others was first an- 

nounced. last month. Mr Man- 
dela yesterday called for a re- 
gional summit of southern 
African leaders to discuss fur- 
ther measures to be taken 
ae.iinst the military regime- 

"Carl Niehaus, a member of 
the ANC national executive, 
said that Shell s derision to 
press on with its huge new nat- 
ural-gas project in Nigeria was 
“dceplv disappointing"- Mr 
Ramap’hosa said that he was 

“disgusted and terribly unhap- 
py" at Shell's decision. 

President Mandela yester- 
day met the chairman of Shell 
South Africa. John Drake. Mr 
Niehaus said that Mr Mandela 
had “raised very strongly the 
need for Shell to show its out- 
rage about what was happening 
in Nigeria and then to place 
pressure on the Nigerian 
regime because of the eco- 
nomic power that it holds.” 

Tigers battle to 
the last in Jaffna 



After a month of fighting the 
Tamil Tigers, thousands of Sri 
Lankan troops yesterday ad- 
vanced into the' rebel c'ilv of 
Jaffna. A military spokesman in 
Colombo, however, said the 
government forces were one 
and a half miles from Jaffna's 
centre and bad run into stiff re- 
sistance from the Tigers. 

Even before the Sri Lankan 
army began its final assault on 
Jaffna. this was already a city dis- 
figured by war. Two previous on- 
slaughts against the Liberation 
Tigere of Tamil Eelam ( LTTE ) 
- first by Sri Lankan forces in 
1987 and then by Indian peace- 
keepers in 1990 - had ravaged 
the old colonial town. 

Shells, bombs and mortar 
rounds had blown the heads off 
statues and ripped the wings off 
stone angels. Churches and 
onec-grand libraries were de- 
stroyed; they look like bleached 
shipwrecks beside the glim- 
mering Jaffna lagoon. Now. Sri 
Lanka's second-largest city is be- 
ing convulsed by another round 
of destruction. 

The defence minister, Anu- 
ruddha Ratwatte, said: “The 
Tigers are destroying the (own, 
knowing that they will soon lose 
it to us." Offidals'daim that over 
320 soldiers have died so far in 
the assault while the rebels have 
lost more than 1,500 men. 

Backed by tanks, artillery 

barrages and air power, the 
government troops vesterday 
captured a key junction at Nal- 
lur. a 400-vcar-oId Hindu tem- 
ple surrounded by houses and 
coconut groves. 

A military spokesman said 24 
soldiers were killed along with 
145 rebels when the government 
forces overran the Tamil Tiger 
bunkers. However, a commu- 
nique issued by the LTTE 
claimed that 52 soldiers died in 
the fighting. 

T> slow- the Sri Lankan ad- 
vance, the "Tiger rebels laid 
booby-traps so that the houses 
blew 1 up when soldiers stepped 
inside. The explosions then al- 
lowed the rebels to mortar the 
oncoming troops with lethal 
accuracy. Officials said that by 
yesterday afternoon, the gov- 
ernment' troops bad thrust in, 
forcing the rebels to flee from 
the Hindu temple crossroads. 

In Colombo. Sri Lankan of- 
ficials claim that Jaffna may fall 
within the next 48 hours. But the 
army’s victory may be more 
symholic than practical. Apart 
from the rebels, there may be 
only one soul left behind in 
Jaffna: a Catholic bishop who 
has refused to leave his mission. 

The rest of the city's 300,000 
inhabitants fled the Sri Lankan 
offensive and are huddled in 
refugee camps at the far end of 
the Jaffna peninsula. The Tigers 
are trying to prevent Tamil civil- 
ians returning to areas now- 
under government control. The 

“Voice of the Tigers” radio yes- 
terday ordered refugees, hungry 
and feverish after three weeks 
of monsoon rains, to flee to the 
mainland, which is still under 
control of the Tiger chief, 
Vcllupillai Prabakharan. The 
rebel strategy is to let the gov- 
ernment conquer the land but 
not its p eople . 

The LTTE is fighting for an 
independent homeland in the 
northern and eastern parts of Sri 
Lanka for the Tamils who are 
ethnically different from the 
majority of Sri Lankans, the Sin- 
halese. Since 1990 the Tigere 
have ruled Jaffna as a separate 
country, with their own courts, 
taxes, schools, postal service 
and rebel army led by squads of 
fanatical suicide commandos. 

Sonne of the moderate Tamil 
panics in Colombo arc urging 
Sri Lanka’s President, Chan- 
drika Kumaratunga. to declare 
a ceasefire against the Tigers, 
but the generals arc counselling 
her to crush them. One pro-gov- 
ernment daily. The Island, com- 
mented yesterday: “The only 
way out is to de-fang or kill the 
Tiger.” 1 b that end, a reward of 
a S50.000 (£32J5D) reward has 
been offered for anyone who 
tells the army where the elusive 
Mr Prabakharan is hiding. 

Vanquishing the Tamil Tigers 
is not easy, even when the Sri 
Lankan army conquers Jaffna. 
As a guerrilla leader, Mr 
Prabakharan is reckoned to be 
a brilliant tactician, one who be- 

On the attack: Sri Lankan troops fire a mortar as they step up their assault on Tamil Tiger forces around Jaffna yesterday Photograph: Reuter 

guiles his commandos - many of 
them teenaged boys and girls - 
with propaganda on the nobili- 
ty of dying in combat. 

The Sri Lankan forces arc 
finding out that Hying to defeat 
the Tigers is like trying to hold 
water in a fist: as the government 
advances into Jaffna, the Tigers 
are vanishing into the jungles 
along the eastern coasL On 
Sunday, Tigers attacked an army 
patrol and killed 38 soldiers 
near Batticaioa, hundreds of 
miles from Jaffna. 


From just £29 


FIS willing to talk peace with Zerouai 

Paris — Only days after Liaraine Zerouai was elected President, 
of Algeria, the outlawed Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) said yes- 
terday it was prepared to discuss with him a peaceful settlement 
to the country's bloody civil strife. Rabah Kebir, the exiled FIS 
leader in Europe, said that the Muslim fundamentalist movement 
regarded Mr Zerouai as the de facto power in the country. In the 
clearest indication so far that FIS accepted direct talks with him, 
he added: “Mr Zerouai is certainly the valid negotiator to lead 
the talks on the side of the effective power". Reuter 

Priebke leaves to face trial in Rome 

Bariloche, Argentina — The former SS captain, Erich Priebke 
left for Rome to stand trial for his participation in a Second World 
War massacre of 335 civilians. The 52-year-old Mr Priebke was 
accompanied by Interpol officers and a military doctor. AP 

Guerrillas offer to swap sick captives 

New Delhi — Indian officials confirmed that separatist guerrillas 
holding four Westerners hostage in Kashmir offered to free two 
sick captives in exchange for a jailed militant “It is true they are 
asking for a limited swap,” an official said. Reuter 

Pakistan holds Egyptian bomb suspects 

Islamabad — Pakistan said it detained 13 Egyptian Islamic preach- 
ers after a suspected suicide bombing at Lhe Egyptian embassy 
in Islamabad that killed 15. The Interior Minister, Naseenillah 
Babar, said police had detained the men for questioning as they , 
were leaving after attending religious conventions. Reuter 

Rabin assassin ‘trained by Shin Bet' 

Tel Aviv — Yitzhak Rabin's assassin was trained as a guard by 
the Shin Bet security service in 1992, shooting with pistols at the 
aeenev’s firing range and attending lectures on protection prac- 
tices, the Israeli daily YcdiotAhmnot reported yesterday. The un- , 
confirmed report came os the confessed gunman. Yig^ Amm said i 

SrTlAviv Magistrate’s Court that he acted alone and that he 
had tried severaftirnes to kill the prime minister. AP 

Clinton claims 
win in budget 
blame game 

ers you 

■zalfty' >* ' -M i - -- - -• 

• 1 •«*•"**“ . 
' — ; - - _ 

court In Tel Aviv where 
sremand hearing yesterday 


I Washington 

Hundreds of thousands of US 
government employees were 
back at work yesterday, after a 
slop-gap budget compromise 
between the Democratic While 
House and the Republican 
Congress on Sunday, which left 
the basic conflict unresolved. 

Hardly had the House and 
Senate agreed on a “continuing 
resolution” to fund govern- 
ment until 15 December than 
the search was on for winners 
and losers in the face-off that 
shot down the federal govern- 
ment for six days, the longest 
such closure in history. 

For Republicans, there was 
the satisfaction of nailing 
President Bill Clinton down to 
a seven-year target date to 
balance the budget on the 
basis of figures provided by 
the Congressional Budget Of- 
fice, rather than by the White 
House's office, with its long 
record of cooking the books. 

Mr Clinton, however, claims 
the Republicans blinked first, by 
agreeing that any final agree- 
ment will contain “adequate 
funding” to pro led the feder- 
al health schemes Medicare 
and Medicaid, the environment 
and education. The White 
House says if the agreement 
does not measure up to these 
goals, Mr Clinton will simply 
wield bis veto again. If the pub- 
lic continues to blame Congress 
for the shambles, the prospect 
will make Republicans shudder. 

By extending funding until 15 
December, the two sides have 
given themselves four weeks to 
thrash out what might be the 
most momentous advance 

towards a balanced budget in 
decades. Half hidden by the 
name-caihag of the last few days 
is a genuine prospect of a 
bipartisan understanding that 
would eliminate a deficit that 
reached $160bn (£105bn) by the 
year ending 30 September. 

Tb make that leap, the White 
House and Congress will have 
to make concessions in the 
hard bargaining that will begin 
after this week’s Thanksgiving 
holiday, once Mr Clinton has 
received, and vetoed the current 
Republican bill mapping the 
route to a balanced budget 
with Sl.OOObn of spending cuts 
over seven years. 

To produce a version that 
finds the President’s favour, 
the Republicans will be forced 
to scale down a planned $245bn 
of tax reductions, a risky step for 
both Newt Gingrich and Bob 

For the Speaker, backing 
down on tax cuts could cost him 
dear with the ideologically- 
driven Republicans who are 
his most devoted followers. 
Senator Dole, uneasy front- 
runner in the chase for next 
year’s nomination, must avoid 
anything that suggests he is not 
a true believer in the “Repub- 
lican revolution" set in motion 
by the party’s victory in 1994. 

Mr Clinton seems well ahead 
in the blame game. His spirit- 
ed defence of Medicare appeals 
strongly to older Americans, 
wfao vote in larger numbers than 
other age groups. Polls show 
that by 49 to 27 per cent the 
public holds Republicans re- 
sponsible for the impasse, and 
in a White House match-up, the 
President leads Mr Dole by 55 
per cent to 39 per cent 


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" ^c 5 

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Moscow’s man 

escapes Chechen 
bomb attack 

-.r- f ; 



Russia received a reminder 
yesterday that the Chechnya 
conflict could again descend 
into war when an attempt was 
made to blow up the Moscow- 
appointed head of the republic 
by bombing his motorcade. 

Doku Zavgayev is the third 
Kremlin-backed official to be 
the target of an apparent 
assassination attempt within 
two months in Chechnya, where 
threats of a fresh outbreak of 
hostilities have escalated be- 
cause of Russia's plans to hold 
elections there. Mr Zavgayev, 
appointed as Chechnya's chief 
executive less than a month ago, 
escaped with minor injuries af- 
ter a remote-con in?) bomb wen 1 
off near his motorcade as it 
swept through Grozny. Officials 
said that six people were hurt. 

At about the same rime, a 
convoy carrying aides to Presi- 
dent Yeltsin’s envoy to Chech- 
nya, Oleg Lobov, came under 
machine-gun fire. Mr Lobov 
appears to have been 

absent. In October he escaped 
unhurt when his convoy was 

Russia's military comman- 
der in Chechnya, Lieutenant- 
General Anatoly Romanov, is 
still in a coma after a similar at- 
tack six weeks ago. 

The violence is further 
evidence that a political solution 
to the conflict is remote. The lat- 
est sticking-point is Mr Yeltsin’s 
order that elections should be 
held in Chechnya on 17 De- 
cember, when Russia goes to the 
polls to vote for the Duma, or 
lower bouse of parliament. 

Mr Yeltsin wants elections to 
lend legitimacy to Russia’s 
control of the republic, where 
at least 30,000 died after 
Moscow sent in troops, tanks, 
and bombers to snuff out its bid 
for independence. 

Chechen separatist leaders 
say Chechen voters ought only 
vote after the Russians with- 
draw, and following an agree- 
ment on Chechnya's status. 
They have vowed to treat 
Chechens who take part in the 
elections as traitors. Mr 

Yeltsin’s demand for elections 
has been approved by the 
Moscow-backed Chechen gov- 
ernment, although the timing 
has alarmed some Russian ne- 
gotiators. Mr Lobov hinted yes- 
terday that the elections may be 

Posts up for grabs include Mr 
Zavgayevs job as regional chief 
executive, although he is so far 





*■ ... 




the only contender for the job. 
Mr Yeltsin hopes that if 

Chechens vote him into office, 
it will bolster a power-sharing 
agreement Moscow wants him 
to sign, which falls short of 
granting Chechnya indepen- 
dence. Mr Yeltsin said yester- 
day he was “extremely worried 
by the rising wave of terrorism” 
in Chechnya. Fire fights, 
shelling, and even air raids, 
continue; in one three-day pe- 
riod this month, 16 Russian sol- 
diers were reportedly killed. 

Mr Yeltsin's concern is un- 
derstandable: the war in is un- 
popular in Russia and any 
flare-up before the elections 
may make voters less likely to 
return his supporters to office. 



If* •' 


Poll position: A worker carries a section of bfflboard for the party of Viktor Chernomyrdin, the Prime Minister, in preparation for next month s.pofl. 

Cold wind of capitalism whips around the ‘babushki 

Every so often. I return home 
from work to find nothing in the 
refrigerator beyond a stump of 
bread (kept there to avoid cock- 
roaches'), a jar of English mus- 
tard (inherited from a 
colleague), and some elderly 
pickled gherkins (another heir- 
loom ). Apart from the absurdly 
expensive 34-hour supermarket, 
the local shops have dosed. It's 
time to visit the old ladies. 

They usually sit near the 
street comer, wrapped in 
scarves and old coats, by the en- 
trance of a dingy grocery store. 
Each one displays, spread be- 
fore her on an upturned crate, 
four or five grocery items, pur- 
chased in the hope of reselling 

them at a small profit. My best 
haul comprised eight American 
frankfurters, a lump of wax-like 
Russian cheese and some 
unsalted Finnish butter, all for 
around $5 (£3.25). 

The last time I went to the 
babushki in search of supper, I 
hardly expected to find them: 
the cityscape had been reduced 
to a grey blur by a snowstorm. 
Yet there they were, huddled 
silhouettes in the darkness, 
their eyebrows crusted with 
flakes, scraping snow off their 
produce. I asked if it wasn't too 
cold to be outside. They 
shrugged, and seemed uncon- 
cerned. They needed the cash, 
they said. Unlike the sur- 

rounding shops and restau- 
rants, which generally regard 
clients as a nuisance, they seem 
to have grasped the harsher 
tenets of capitalism. 

No one knows how many old 
people take to setting on the 


streets to supplement the pen- 
sion. which now averages $47 a 

month, but they run into thou- 
sands in Moscow alone. The 
handful ofwomen who work, the 
patch near my apartment are 
but a tiny fraction of the pathetic 
crowds of old people who stand 
in long, silent, lines outside 
metro stations in central 
Moscow, holding out bottles of 
vodka, cigarettes, loaves of 
bread, and dried fish in the hope 

of making a few roubles from 
a passing commuter. Nor do 
they stick to groceries; some- 
times you see them trying to sell 
kittens, snakes, puppies, birds, 
even tortoises. 

But the old women’s lack of 
concern about the weather re- 
flects a separate phenomenon, 
which seems to oe peculiar to' 
Russians. Even though Moscow 
now lies beneath a white cov- 

gloom - has actually begun. 
“Still autumn,” said my Russian 
colleague, Pavel on the first day 
the streets were buried, several 
weeks ago. He looked con- 
temptuously out of the window 
at a grove of snow-laden silver 
birches: “This is just the Jim 
snow. It will melt” After a 
week of more snow and below- 
freezing temperatures, 1 asked 
‘him again whether winter had 

ering, and even though icicles A arrived. “Not really,” he said, 
hang from the eaves, there is a- Lsniffily - “Not cold enough.” 
reluctance here to admit that To^be fair, there were a 
the winter - the annual five or couple of milder days after his 
six months of refrigerated prognosis, but his general the- 

ory has been blown apart by a 
set of alarming statistics, re- 
cently released by Moscow's De- 
partment of Health. 

At least 25 people have 
frozen to death on the city's 
streets since the snows began, 
and hundreds more have ended 
up in hospital with hypothermia. 
Officials say they were drunk, 
a claim that becomes more 
plausible when you consider 
that the nation is engaged on a 
drinking binge of awesome pro- 
portions: a Russian adult now 
consumes an average of half a 
pint of vodka a day, or its 

Yet for all their snobbery 
about what is and what is not 

Real Winter, Muscovites do 
not let it affect their clothing. 
During the (real) autumn they 
plodded arouud in dismal 
blacks and browns, about as 
pleasing to the eye as the left- 
overs from an English rural 
jumble sale. 

When the first dusting of 
snow arrived, they emerged on 
the streets like a parade of 
well-fed tabby cats, wrapped in 
long, sensual morally indefen- 
sible furs. Only the Moscow traf- 
fic police maintained a doggedly 
autumnal posture; by tradition, 
they refuse to lower the car flaps 
of their fur hats until tempera- 
tures reach -20C. 

The anti-fur lobby has a long 

way to go before it wins round 
most Russians, who know that 
a fur hat can do far more to res- 
urrect a face ravaged by-bad 
dentistry and heavy dnafcmg 
than any amount of Western 
cosmetics or surgery - and are 
willing to splash out. 

Some of the coats among this 
array of sables, Arctic fox, rac- 
coon pelts and minks arh so 
valuable that they have tb be 
transported to Moscow by 
armed convoy from the Tar 
East and Central Asia. It is only 
a shame that, as they sit by their- 
crates in the snow, the babushki 
never get to wear them. • 

Phil Reeves 

-' V 

c 2- J 

» F-" 

si •; 












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_ I g .S&l news analysis 5 

The Poles have deposed Lech Walesa and shown solidarity with an ex-Communist. It could be a rough ride, warns Neal Ascherson 

After the Great Electrician, more shocks 

-J,] H 


T he Bghts w en i oul on , he 
Orcat Electrician when 
f r ^ idcnLisJ election 
f Lh SS br0u shl defeat to 
Lech Walesa. For 15 years 
he created Solidarity in’ 
Ae Gdansk shipyard strike, he 
Jias been the decisive person- 
ally m his own country: as 
muon, leader, as prisoner, as 
leader of the mass political 
movement that overthrew 
Communism in 1989, as presi- 
dentot the republic since 1990 
Now bis own compatriots have 
rejected him. by a narrow mar- 
gin, and the Walesa show - for 
the moment — is over. 

Before Sunday's run-off elec- 
tion, one of the'Pdlish bishops 
buret out that Poland would 
make itself scandalous and the 
laughing-stock of the world if 
this intensely Catholic country 
elected an ex- Communist 
enemy of the Gbureib"as pres- 
ident. But it is always unwise to 
lecture Poles from on high. 
They went and elected Alek- 
sander Kwasniewski, junior 
minister in the last Polish Com- 
munist government within the 
Soviet empire, as head of slate 
of the nation whose crest is a 
white eagle wearing the crown 
of the Madonna. Queen of 
Poland. And the world is not 

For some Poles, this result 
must seem a catastrophe. It is 
not just that the post-Commu- 
nists, who already dominate 
the government, now hold the 
presidency as welL Neither is it 
only the fear (groundless, on 
the evidence so far) that they 
will steer Poland back into 
some subordinate relationship 
with Russia. It is, rather, that 
the nation will be divided and 
polarised. In one camp will be 
the great pro-Western forces of 
traditional Catholic patriotism 
of which - in spite of countless 
quarrels and disillusions - Lcch 
Walesa was a member. These 
forces will now be voiceless, or 
at least without any foothold in 
authority. Triumphant in the 
other camp will be godless 
modernisers and Marxists, 
placemen from the old Com- 
munist bureaucracy and traitors 
secretly in league with a reviv- 
ing Russian Empire. 

But this is not how the real 
split ran. Workers and small 
peasants voted about equally 
for Kwasniewski and Walesa in 
the first round oh 6 November. 
So it was not about class- but . 
neither was it much to do with 
faith or ideology. Kwasniewski s 
vote came from medium and 
small towns, from the northern 
and western regions annexed 
from Germany in 1945, and 
from the young and those with 
higher education. Walesa's sup- 
porters, in contrast, tended to 
live in the big cities and in the 
traditionalist south-east of 
Poland, to be older and to lack 
further education. Lech Walesa 
tried to turn the campaign into 
a fateful choice between Com- 


52 . 75 % 

5248 % 

51 . 72 % 


S3 E.V 

*te- : 


1 ' 


X rT; 



JL*-** L-.’-.'Y 

vote as % of totaf 


I t§i 


-rue* r\, . 


m m- 

% H- 

i ’ V’v 

12.9% K 




1989 1994 

MSZP: Hungarian 
Socialist Party 


munists and patriots. But it 
was nothing of the kind, and 
most Poles knew it This was a 
social struggle, between an 
impatient,, self-reliant Poland 
and an older, more deferential 
Poland whose values are still 
rooted in history. 

There are many reasons why 
Lech Walesa lost his grip on the 
nation. Some of them were 
political. In 1990, before his 
first presidential campaign, 
Walesa coarsely and brutally 
turned on the Solidarity move- 

1990 1994 

BSP: Bulgarian 
Socialist Party 


meat in an effort to purge 
those who questioned his 
authority; the result was to split 
the whole centre-right of Polish 
politics and to deprive Presi- 
dent Walesa of any solid and 
reliable block of support in 
parliament or outside it His 
spectacular ham-handedness 
over constitutional change and 
the political command of the 
armed forces also alienated 
people. But the perception 
which probably pushed ' most 
waverers to vote against him on 



1991 1993 

SLD: Democratic 
Left Alliance 



1990 1994 

PDS: Parly of Democratic Left 


Sunday was that a man so 
erratic was not right for the 
presidency. The htrid episodes 
when his bodyguard ana chauf- 
feur seemed to be running' the 
presidency were painful for 
Polish dignity. His wildness and 
apparent lade of grasp shown in 
his TV duels with Kwasniewski 
on the eve of the election put 
off maity viewers, who felt that 
Kwasniewski had a better 
understanding of (be democ- 
ratic rules. 

On the face of things, 

Poland and Europe do not 
need to worry about President 
Kwasniewski. On the main 
issues, the policies of his party 
and government are well- 
known and not very contro- 
versial. As president, he will 
push ahead with getting 
Poland into Nato and the 
European Union. The privati- 
sation of the economy and its 
transformation into a free- 
market operation acceptable 
to Brussels will trudge ahead, 
though more slowly than some 


international bankers would 
wish. In negotiating a new con- 
stitution, including a definition 
of presidential powers, Kwas- 
niewski may well show more 
caution and tact in dealing 
with political opposition and 
the Catholic church than Wa- 
lesa would have done. 

And yet this election result 
still leaves a queasy feeling. 
Superficially, it poses no obvi- 
ous threat to the five-year-old 
democracy, promises no strik- 
ing turn in policy. But it is an 

1990 1992 

FSND: Democratic 
National Salvation Front 


odd outcome for Poland: 
Another period of “cohabita- 
tion" - of sharp political con- 
trast between president and 
government - might have 
given a better picture of the 
passionate divisions in Polish 
opinion. After all, this was a 
veiy close result, and now the 
centre and right - almost half 
the political nation, including 
many of the new capitalist 
class - have lost all central 
power. That sort of result is 
familiar in Britain, with our 

“winner takes all" electoral 
system. But Poles are more 
explosive, and less easily rec- 
onciled to impotence. 

A second problem is Lecb 
Walesa himself. In the pasL he 
used to talk expansively about 
how happy he would be to lay 
down his burden, when Poland 
no longer required him, and 
go fishing with his tribe of 
children. In practice, there is 
some danger that Walesa will 
find rejection impossible to 
accept and will accuse history 
of not having learnt its lines 

His idol Jozef Pilsudski, who 
dominated Pb land between the 
wars, “retired" to his country 
house at Sulejowek but used it 
as a centre of intrigue which 
made Poland almost ungovern- 
able. If Walesa set up his own 
Sulejowek (or Colombey-les- 
deux-Eglises), it would proba- 
bly be a farce. Just possibly, 
however, he could gather round 
him and unite the scattered 
forces of barmy, authoritarian, 
bigoted nationalism. The pic- 
ture of the Great Electrician's 
return as a messianic “man on 
a while horse" is not funny at 

But, in the end, the danger 
of Aleksander Kwasniewski’s 
victory is not chaos but its 
opposite: stagnation. It seems 
to be true that the younger and 
more vigorous Poles voted for 
him, impatient to turn their 
backs on recent history. They 
do not want any restoration of 
pre-1989 Communism, but 
neither do they want to pick 
over the rights and wrongs 
of the 50-year Communist 
period. The trouble is that 
recent history is aiive and sit- 
ting behind many a desk. The 
victories of Polish “social- 
democracy" since 1993 have 
restored old Communist hacks 
to their chairs all over the 
land, especially at local level. 
President Kwasniewski may 
want change and modernity. 
They do not, and they are sly 
enough to stay in power. 

Post-Communism means 
different things in different 
places. With the Czechs, it is 
the party of state control and 
unemployed bureaucrats. In 
eastern Germany, it stands for 
the defence of regional iden- 
- tities;in Utbuama, for nation- 
_ alfem with a practical face; in 
~ Rprasuwa aqtf Serbia, for state 
._ despotism in nationalist uni- 
form. Poland, as usual, is dif- 
ferent There, post-Commu- 
nisra means the transition to 
capitalism at a humane pace. 

It’s a blameless policy. The 
new young president standing 
handsome beside his pretty 
wife seems too American to 
be true. But Poland's political 
tradition is not at all Ameri- 
canised, preferring turbulence 
and collision to beaming con- 
sensus. My hunch is that the 
Kwasniewski presidency will 
turn into a rough ride. 



One of file more eclectic guest lists for an upstairs room at a west London 
pub features Lord Grade. Michael Caine, the rock star Bryan Adams and the • 
writer Julie Burchffl. What links them is a haze of thick, aromatic smoke. 

They are all dgar smokers, some ckxset, some not, and have been asked to 
be founder members of the Havana Room, a club for cigar smokers above the 
Cow pub, run by Thm, son of Ttrence, Conran. The coterie is being started by 
the Cbmedy Store founder, Peter Rosenguard. He has discovered the joys of 
fat cigars after smoking (anything) for the first time in his life earlier this year 

on the birth of his first child. . T 

His wife, whom he describes as “an aggressive. North American anh- 
srooker" has ordered him and his Havanas out of the house. I started the 
Qnnedy Store because I wanted somewheneto laugh. I'm starting the Havana 
Room because I want somewhere to smoke, he says. 

Those who think that rugby league is 
a competitive and dirty sport have 
deariy never been to a supper qmz. 
Tempers can fray, egos can be 
brutally damaged and friendships 
shattered. Even the soap opera 
EastEnders has featured a number of 

with fisticuffs. 

Bat the antics of Albert Sqware P»« 
beside a bruising supper quiz wMch 

look plare at the weekend to raise 
money for a centre for . . 

^underprivileged yomg 
'Ita-viBe Heath, near Henhg fte borae 

and sister of Nick. 

One of the more chagrined was the 
writer Henry Barter wbo had added to 
bis team of Carmen Caffil, 
Christopher Hitchens and Anthony 
| Holden by finding and signing op a 
former Mastermind winner. Even the 
dirty tricks brigade at the Queen Vk 
hadn’t thought of that one. 

The one intriguing aspect of the 
launch of ibe “new” Beatles album 
yesterday was the first public 
appearance in 33 years of the man 

other ce 

flw Ante- ****** 


Challenge students- — 

longest one-word anagram m the 
Hfcb language “Carthoree , 

witii trim* was to follow. 

TTie winning team turned out to oe 
the «meted by ** bestselling 

om«hv Tfiis mnovoked a near not. 

I am told, when angry 

pointed oirt an etiuol ddeaw^ 

The questions bad been set by 

GiB Hornby, wife of Robert Hams 

dubbed the fifth Beatle, Neil Aspinall, 
boyhood biend of the group, road 
manager, and now head of Apple 
Corps. Aspinall has shunned all 
publicity for three decades, but 
yesterday, sounding remarkably like 
George Harrison, he showed he is not 
short of a quip. Asked if Yota Ono 
had any more Lennon songs in her 
bottom drawer, he leered 
mischievously and replied nasally: 
“Who knows what Yoko Ono has in 
her bottom drawer?" 

One factor above all marked 
Aspinall out as a Sixties rock star 
manqud- he wore a blue woolly hat 
to cover his baldness. While Nineties 
pop stars such as Right Said Fred and 
even Sinead O'Connor flaunt 
baldness as sexy, the Sixties brigade, 
including John Lennon in his later 
years, always cover their pates in 
shame. That a blue woolly hat indoors 
in the middle of the day might just 
draw attention to what fab follicles 
are or are not underneath never 
occurs to the true rock veteran. 

Breakfasting with Alan Borg, the new 
director of the Victoria and Albert 
Museum, he gives his thoughts on the 
voluntary donations visitors are . 
asked to give. They are “silty” and 
make people feel “uncomfortable” 
says the man who deariy prefers 
compulsory entrance tees. My amt 
alternative to voluntary admission 
charges is simpler; and has never yet 
been tried at a museum. Instead of 
asking people to give money on the 
way in, ask them to pay on the way 
out At least then they can give a ' 
verdkt on their visit, and presnmabty 
wfD be inspired to give generously if 
they have bad a good time. 

One person who might be reluctant 
to cough up is the chap who told me 
that “the British art and design 
galleries are poor; the ceramics 
galleries are very poorly displayed; 
the Islamic gallery is appallingf. I 
refer to Dr Borg. 

My tale last week about the English 
National Opera's Carmen in which 
the diva playing Carmen lost her voice 
and had to mime to another Carmen 
on stage, seems to have been, trumped 
since by the Munich Opera. In the . 

murder scene there Don Jos6 actually 
caught Carmen with his knife and 
drew blood. The German press had a 
field day the next morning with “Don 
Jos£ Really Stabs Carmen” headlines. 

1 am delighted to learn that not only 
did the diva recover the next day but 
that she behaved like a true opera star 
and refused to speak to her leading 
man despite the blandishments of a 
dozen red roses. Carmen would have 
been proud of her. 

A new James Bond, Pierce Brosnan, is 
introduced tomorrow with the 
premi&re of Goldeneye, with audiences 
stiB wondering after all these years 
how be wifi shape up against Sean 
Connery and Roger Moore. But I was 
interested to learn that the first Brit 
to play Bond was not Connery but Bob 
Hohiess, the estimable, avuncular 
host of the TV quiz show Blockbusters, 
who played 007 on the radio in the 
Fifties. It most have been a blow to 
him when Saftzman and Broccoli 
overlooked him for the film role. 

Hotness lives near me In Pinner: I 
see trim ha the tea rooms sometimes. 
He may have missed out on the girls 
and the glamour, bat I suspect that 
taking elevenses in Betjeman country 
is bow Bond himself would have spent 
his middle years, the Earl Grey 
unshaken tort stirred. 




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Liam fctealy f Chairman) - Sir Gordon Borne ■ Ben Bradke ■ Juan Lois CebriSn ■ Brendan Hopkins 
David Montg omer y . Javier Diezde Polanco ■ Cornel Riklin ■ Andreas Whittam Smith 


The Windsors 
cannot win 

T^or years this paper eschewed coverage 
x of the Royal Family. But that was in the 
far-off days when royal coverage was 
invariably anodyne, deferential and in- 
consequential. A lot of water has passed 
under the bridge since then. For sometime 
now the Royal Family has been lurching 
from one embarrassment to the next in a 
long-running trauma which, with each 
new incident, threatens to become a fully- 
fledged crisis of the monarchy fraught with 
important constitutional implications. 

The process has been driven by the 
young royals and above all the failed mar- 
riage of the Prince and Princess of W^es. 
With Iasi night’s Panorama interview. 
Princess Diana has intensified the sense of 
foreboding that now surrounds the House 
of Windsor. Many people, reflecting on last 
night’s interview and the events of the last 
two or three years will be asking: where win 
it end? The answer remains unclear. The 
Royal Family is beside itself with anger 
about Diana's publicity putsch. It would 
dearly like to plunge the knife into her. 
Already the Palace has been dropping dark 
hints of revenge, against Diana, even 
against, the BBC for staging the broadcast. 

Even in its present weakened stale, the 
power of the Palace should not be under- 
estimated. But the path of revenge would 
almost certainly end in disaster. It should 
not be forgotten that this particular phase 
of the marriage war was initiated by Prince 
Charles and Jonathan Dimbleby in a par- 
ticularly ill-judged and short-sighted inter- 
view. It was a mistake of historic propor- 
tions. Diana is seeking revenge. Should the 
Royal Family respond in kind, then she will 
not stay quiet. She has an insatiable 
appetite for publicity and is a skilled 
manipulator of the media. This round will 
be followed by another and yet another. 

This, moreover, is an unequal contesL 
The Palace may possess the heavier 
weapons, but these count for little. The 

Royal Family has far more to lose than 
Diana: only her reputation is at stake, for 
the Royal Family it is Charles's succession, 
probably more. Each sordid round of this 
miserable domestic battle serves to dimin- 
ish the Royal RunDy. There is another sense 
in which the Windsors cannot win. Media 
wars are essentially unpredictable, dan- 
gerous and fickle. They are creatures of the 

information society not aristocratic hier- 
areby. And, dangerously for the Royal Fam- 
ily, the British lib; the underdog who, in this 
situation, is surely Princess Dl 

The Royal Family brought this state of 
affairs upon itself when it abandoned 
cocooned privilege for the role of soap 
opera and the world of showbiz. It is worth 
remembering that as recently as 1962, 
Anthony Sampson wrote in Anatomy of 
Britain :' u The Palace has succeeded in 
maintaining not only wealth and dignity 
but also secrecy .- this inaccessibility is the 
essence of the royal magic: in spite of the 
hundreds of journalists who have hunted 
for royal stories, no one yet knows how 
life is led in the royal palaces." RIP. Once 
abandoned there is no return. 

If the Palace exercises due self-restraint, 
then it will minimise the dam age that 
Diana’s interview wiD inflict upon it It on 
the other hand, the Palace opts for revenge, 
then it is likely to hasten a constitutional 
crisis involving Charles's succession and, 
more generally, the remaining constitu- 
tional and political functions of the 
monarch. This may happen anyway. In- 
deed, the process of reform is under way 
with the Queen’s decision to pay income 
tax and the removal of the minor royals 
from the Civil UsL That is just the begin- 
ning. We do need a different kind of mon- 
archy. smaller, more open, more account- 
able, less privileged, with a reformed 
constitutional role. How we get there mat- 
ters. Sleaze, dirt, grudge and Dickering will 
do neither family nor nation any good. 

The remaking of 
mice and men 

'T’oday, the European Patent Office in 
L Munich will hear the final arguments 
about patenting a mouse - the “Harvard 
Oneomouse” - which has been genetically 
engineered to develop cancer. Meanwhile, 
earlier this week, it became clear that the 
US government has patented the genes of 
a tribesman from Papua New Guinea. 

These cases are landmarks for human- 
ity's attitude to itself and the rest of the 
Living world. It would be difficult to oome 
up with less appealing standard-bearers 
than Oneomouse and PNG man for the 
brave new world of genetic engineering. 

In 1984, scientists at the Harvard Med- 
ical School stitched “oncogenes" - genes 
known to provoke ihe development of can- 
cer - into the DNA of laboratory mice. At 
first, the university’s application to patent 
its “invention" was turned down: the Euro- 
pean Patent Office ruled that animals are 
naturally occurring life forms which cannot 
be classed as inventions and so cannot be 
patented But Harvard pursued its claim 
aggressively and in 1992 the EPO granted 
Ihe Harvard Oneomouse a patent, spark- 
ing protest from groups across Europe. 
Today’s appeal will determine whether the 
patent is confirmed or withdrawn. 

This is not a straightforward question 
of animal welfare. Nearly 3 million ani- 
mal experiments were performed in 
British laboratories last year, some of 
them involving suffering comparable with 
or exceeding that endured by the onco- 

mouse. Most of us can accept, albeit with 
discomfort, the necessity of such work. 
Few parents would put shampoo on their 
baby’s hair without knowing that its low 
toxicity had already been proved 

But the commercial exploitation of 
animal suffering is different That a great 
American university - which ought to be 
the seat of liberal and enlightened values 
- should be interested in making a fast 
buck out of marketing an animal prede- 
termined to develop painful tumours indi- 
cates that something has gone far wrong 
with our calculus of moral standards. 

The implication is also troubling that 
by granting a patent society can regard 
a living animal as an invention - a bio- 
chemical automaton which humanity can 
reprogramme as it wishes. Any biologist 
wul tell you that there is little difference 
between a mouse and a man - if we regard 
animals as automata, can we avoid com- 
ing to the same conclusions about our- 
selves? The patenting of DNA from a 
man in Papua New Guinea, who enjoys a 
rare immunity to leukaemia, reinforces 
that concern. 

The international biotechnology indus- 
try must if only in its own interest reas- 
sure us that genetic engineers are sensi- 
tive to public concerns as they exercise 
their new technical powers to alter DNA 
The oneomouse case sends all the wrong 
signals. Not even Frankenstein tried to 
patent his creation. 


John Rroadhurst 

Women priests: the tide turns 

T>ishop Edwin Barnes, one of the so- 
XJ called "flying bishops", has created a 
furore by suggesting that the ordination of 
women as priests was an error. He claims 
it can and will be reversed, as this new min- 
istry is being resisted in many parishes. Is 
this the last cry of an obscurantist or is 
there anything in his suggestion? 

Women priests arc not an innovation 
of this age and, contrary to common per- 
ception, they existed in the early Church 
among fringe, and often heretical, Chris- 
tian groups. Much evidence for this has 
come from feminist activists who have 
failed to see the implications. The early 
Church grappled with the issue and 
rejected it as contrary to the gospel. The 
groups that propounded it either died out 
or discontinued the practice. The present 
debate has most of its force in a view that 
our world is in some way different from 
any other that preceded it. This is held 
with such force that even the words of holy 
scripture are no longer perceived as nor- 
mative for Christians. This view will man- 
ifestly not stand the test of time. 

Bishop Barnes has to be right in his 
opinion, though if he believes it will hap- 
pen in his lifetime he is sadly mistaken. 
The Church of God moves slowly. When 
feminism loses its political impetus it will 
still be fashionable among liberal Protes- 
tants. Being quaintly old-fashioned is part 
of the genre, feminism is already moving 
away from the view Lhat men and women 
are equal and interchangable to a view that 
they are equal and different. Much is now 

made of women’s special gifts and intu- 
itions. The unpoliticised masses knew 
this, and it is what the Church has always 
taught. In time the Anglican churches that 
ordain women priests wilL, as in earlier his- 
tory, either repent or die ouL 

Other evidence docs not augur well for 
women's ordination. Around the country 
I hear stories of bishops who only voted 
for it because they thought it would fail 
and didn’t wish to be part of the acrimony. 
Many of the supporters of women 's o rdS- 
nation are not happy. Likewise there is evi- 
dence of disillusion among women priests. 
In Sweden I have met some who have 
resigned and joined the opposition, now 
thinking h a great error. In England one 
of the first women deacons elected to 
Synod in a special constituency became a 
Roman Catholic, as did one of the women 
ordained priest in the Church of Ireland. 
Many women priests talk of “pain and 
rejection" and I genuinely feel sorry for 
them, believing they are in an impossible 
position. There is also the fact that many 
radical feminists have rejected Christian- 
ity as contrary to their convictions. Fem- 
inist post-Christianity is a real force, and, 
I believe, the logical end of feminism. 

The difficulty for Church of England tra- 
ditionalists is that we will not have the lux- 
ury of seeing history’s judgement upon us. 
Are we simply old-fashioned fools, or 
prophets? If history repeats itself we are the 
latter, if not. may God forgive us. 

Tfte author is chairman of Forward in Faith. 

Marriage of Major and Blair 

From Mr Simon Partridge 
Sir Your editorial about John 

Union the Union, 

the McMajor vray”, 18 Novem- 
ber), claims that the “case for a 
Home Rule parliament is irre- 
sistible on moral grounds, and 
may become so on practical and 
political grounds' . Yet, your 
assertion is difficult to square 
with the latest opinion poll evi- 
dence from Scotland. 

A devolved parliament comes 
a fair way down the wish list of 
Scottish voters -behind employ- 
ment issues and betterprovision 
for health and education. How 

majority of voters - drawn essen- 
tially from the South-east. The 
UK is not a nation of immi- 
grants like the United States, 
and one of the results of the con- 
tinued Gingrichinisation of our 
policy will be to disaggregate the 
kingdom along territorial lines. 

The great irony is that what the 
present Tbry Party is likely to 
achieve by its misconceived eco- 
nomic pobey, new Labour is likely 
to achieve through its iD- thought- 

through proposals for national 
devolution for Si 

are we to explain this paradox? 
is likely that two sepa- 

It seems 
rate issues are being conflated 
here - the politics of territoiy and 
the politics of ideology. But if we 
are to effectively “reshape the 
nation state”, as you rightly call 
for, I believe it is essential that 
these two issues are properly 

The political centre of gravity 
of the non-south-eastern portion 
of Britain is essentially centre- 
lefL It should be obvious by now 
that you cannot rule the UK 
indefinitely from a neo-liberal 
perspective based on a parlia- 
mentary majority - but not a 

Scotland and 
Wales, since nobody has yet 
explained how this will not ignite 
the slumbering English national 
resentment - the infamous West 
Lothian question. 

Is there any way of marrying 
McMajor’s sensible proposals for 
constitutional reform to Mr 
Blairs fair-minded proposals for 
the economy and taxation? The 
alternative would seem to be a 
period of considerable economic 
and constitutional chaos. Per- 
haps the time is not for off for a 
coalition government of the sen- 
sible centre, which would include 
the remaining one nation Tories. 
Yours faithfully, 

Simon Partridge 
London, N2 
20 November 

Prozac and Ecstasy: the risks 

Less homework, 
more development 

From Ms Jane Akister 
Sin With regard to your article 
“11-year-olds shun homework 
for TV" (17 November), what is 

The research reported, in com- 
mon with other recent reports on 
this topic, fails to consider the 
range of activities undertaken by 
children outside school that are 
furthering their skills develop- 
ment. These include music 
lessons and practice, dance and 
drama lessons, gymnastics, swim- 
ming lessons, football training 
and scouting activities, to name 

a few. They all offer opportuni- 
ties for children to develop fit- 

ness, co-ordination, ability to 
focus on goals, team spirit and 

I am sure lhat many children 
watch too much televiaon, but I 
think if you take a wider view of 
learning, you wfl] find many chil- 

dren at primaiy school do at least 
half an hour of “homework” a day. 

Many schools expect children 
to read each night. Most children 
do not consider this to be home- 
work. This is as it should be. We 
need children to develop skills 
and maintain interest If children 
are set homework at too early an 
age, H becomes something the 
parents do. It also often becomes 
a battleground. Formal home- 
work should not be set until chil- 
dren are able to organise and 
manage it independently. 

Perhaps the National Founda- 
tion for Educational Research, 
David Blunketl and others could 
take a more constructive view of 
learning - encouraging and valu- 
ing extra-curricular activities, 
rather than seeking to extend Ihe 
ordinary school day. 

Yours sincerely, 

Jane Akister 

Senior Lecturer 

Anglia Polytechnic University, 


17 November 

Defence threat 

c rom Ms GW Samuel 
Sin The letter from John Alder- 
ion (20 November) misrepre- 
;ents the speech made last week 
jy the Defence Secretary to a tri- 
Jervice conference. He made no 
nenlion whatsoever of armed 
bices t adding “inner-city crime”, 
dr Portillo’s speech was on the 
heme of how the world may 
iiange in future and the threats 
hat might arise to our national 
lecurity. One such threat, he 
aid. might come from drug traf- 
iddng or international organised 

The aimed forces already assist 
the customs authorities in inter- 
cepting drug traffickers. His point 
was simply that use of defence 
resources in that way might 
become more necessary in future 
to combat these international 
threats to national security. 
Yours faithfully. 

Gill Samuel 
Press Secretary 
Ministry of Defence 
London, SW1 
>0 November 

Adam’s animals 

From Sister Millicent Olga 
Sir The concept of animal rights 
surely dates back further than 200 
years (letter, 15 November). One 
has only to open one’s Bible at the 
beginning. Genesis, to discover 
that God created ail living crea- 
tures and blessed them, and saw 
that this creation was good. He 
gave man dominion over them all, 
not to exploit them, but to look to 
them well-being. Food provided for 
human beings did not include the 

Yours faithful! 

Millicent Olga 
Community of St Maiy the Virgin 
Wantage. Oxfordshire 

Letters should be addressed to 
Letters to the Editor and include a 
daytime telephone number. (Fax: 
0171-293 2056; e-mail: letters@ 
iodependmLco,oki Letters may be 
edited for length and clarity We 
regret that we are unable to ac- 
knowledge unpublished letters. 

Back Issues of the Independent are 
available from Historic Newspa- 
pers, 0800 906609. 

From Mr Robin Prior 
Sin In her letter yesterday (17 
November), Joanna Nakielny, 
the spokesperson for Lilly Indus- 
tries, said mat Prozac, one of her 
company’s products, is not a 
“street drug”. She said that it is 
different from street drugs such 
as Ecstasy because it has been 
subjected to “rigorous testing in 
clinical trials”. 

In fact, Prozac is the recre- 
ational drug of choice for many 
people, and the testing Ms 
Nakielny refers to was rather 
less than rigorous. The distin- 
guished psychiatrist Peter Breg- 
gin, in his book Toxic Psychiatry, 
says of the testing of Prozac: 
The Prozac scientifically con- 
trolled testing trials lasted a mere 
five or six weeks. 

He also points out that there 
are a growing number of voices, 
particularly in the US, coun- 
selling caution towards this drug 
following reports of worsening 
depression, a number of suicides, 
and some violent outbursts 
among those taking it. 

Some drugs are curative; some 
are fun to take; and some are 
both. But no agent of such 
potency as Prozac ot Ecstasy is 
safe. There will always be risk, as 
the case of Leah Betts has tragi- 
cally shown. Whatever side of the 
argument we might be on, let’s 
not pretend otherwise. 

Yours sincerely, 

Robin Prior 
London, E8 
18 November 

From Miss Erica Curtis and Miss 
Katherine Bishop 
Sir: Peer pressure pushes young 
people under 20 into doing things 

that they would not otherwise do, 
just for the fun of it. For some, it 
is a ODcc-in-a-lifetirne experi- 
ence; for others, it becomes a reg- 
ular occurrence. Often, sadly, it 
does not stop there. Young peo- 
ple lose the fear, forget the risks, 
repeat the dose and are booked. 

Depending on circumstances 
and location, most young people 
show determination always to 
resst the temptations. They enjoy 
alcohol and, in moderation, 
believe it to be relatively harm- 
less. Smoking cigarettes can lead 
on to other things- Fust cannabis, 
then harder drugs follow, if the 
circumstances are right. 

Most young people, in our 
experience, would welcome a 
stronger stand on the use of 
drugs and a harder crackdown by 
the police on the pushers. The 
dealers and those in the market 
should get at least five years’ 
prison, followed by probationary 
community service. 

All users could be punished 
accordingly with community ser- 
vice plus a course of counselling. 
Schools must also play their part 
with ongoing awareness cam- 
paigns and parents must take 
their fair share of responsibility. 
Drug dealers don’t care about 
their victims and regular users 
forget the risks. 

Leah Betts would not have 
died iu vain if young people 
learned the lesson and started 
their own anti-drug campaigns 
among their peers. 

Yours faithfully. 

Erica Curtis" 

Katherine Bishop 
Westwood St Thomas Sixth Form 
Publishing Group 
Salisbury, Wiltshire 

Children have the 
most to lose 

From Mr Bill Linton 
Sir Thank you for launching 
your “Children of WSar Appeal" 
(18 November). Children in a 
war zone are always the most 
vulnerable, and have the most to 
lose: you only gel one child- 
hood, and one chance to develop 
normally, both physically ana 
mentally. You also only have 
one set of parents. 

It was for this reason that the 
final Declaration of the 1990 
World Summit for Children 
included, as one of its seven 
major goals, “protection of chil- 
dren in especially difficult cir- 
cumstances. particularly in situ- 

ations of armed conflict". Article 
38 of the Convention on the 
Rights of the Child from the 
same year says much the same 
thing. Almost every staLe has 
signed up to both of these docu- 
ments, and almost all have also 
ratified the convention. 

□early, the protection of chil- 
dren caught in the middle of a 
vicious civil war is particularly 
difficult, but now that the war is 
(hopefully) over, it would be a 
good lime for the world’s states- 
men to start making concrete 

S tans as to how they are going to 
ilfil these obligations which they 
freely entered into. 

Yours faithfully. 

Bill Linton 
London, N13 
20 November 

The royal 

From Mr Nicolas Walter 
Sir. If Niall Ferguson (“Off With 
Her Talking Head”. 2t) Novem- 
ber) teaches history at Jesus Col- 
lege, Oxford, he should know bet- 
ter than to say that Henry VID 
got a divorce from Catherine of 
Aragon or lhat the Church of 
England was invented to let him 
do so. What he got was an annul- 
ment. like that from Anne of 
Cl eves nine years later; and what 
happened to the Church of Eng- 
land in the 1530s was not that it 
was invented, since it had existed 
for several centuries, but that it 
was separated from Rome. Nor 
is George IV a good precedent 
for the divorce of a monarch, 
since his marriage to Caroline of 
Brunswick was bigamous. A bet- 
ter precedent is George I, who 
divorced (and imprisoned) 
Sophia Dorothea of Celle 20 
years before he became king. 

Niall Ferguson reminds us that 
in the old days Diana would face 
execution for her public con- 
duct So would he, for his public 
discussion of it! 

Yours failhfiilly, 

Nicolas Walter 
London, N1 
20 November 

bcri Fv ; » 


Wjifctl ’• •’ ■ 

Mar.c-J.. • : 
quid " 
South A!:.„ 

Li - • 

Rouble routes 

From Mr N. 1. Barnes 
Sir. Neil Taylor says of Russia: “the 
lack of public transport requires a 
taxi transfer to the airport”. (Busi- 
ness Travel: “Former Soviet states 
seek solutions", 15 November) 

In St Petersburg at the moment 
one can go to either of the airports 

by public transport (metro and 
bus) ft 

for a total of 1,000 roubles 
(£1=7,000 roubles). If one. docs 
not fancy standing in a crowded 
bus, falling over one ’sown luggage 
(an extra 400 roubles per case) 
there is, every 20 minutes, a shut- 

tle bus between the city centre and 
the international airport, costine 
4.000 roubles (57p). I assume that 
something similar operates in 

Of those, admittedly few 
agents I recently approached in’ 
London on this question, only 
Finnair was a help; it iold me 
about the shuttle. Taxi fares can 
be extra-terrestrial: the art of 
mflking the foreign business-vis- 
itor is well advanced. 

Yours faithfully. 

N. I. Barnes 
L ondon, NWS 
16 November 

We have ways 

From Mr Mark Lloyd 
Sir: The photograph of the MJ6 
building you printed today (“Love 
me do", 13 November) is a mir- 
ror image: Vauxhall bridge is 
shown to the left of the notorious 

spy centre rather than to ihe 
right. Is this a cunning security 
measure to foil potential infiltra- 
lots or a simple error? Or arc you 
not at liberty to say? 

Yours faithfully, 

Mark Lloyd 
L ondon, W14 

From Mr Anthony G. Meadows 
Sir. Why does David Aaronovitch 
say: “Charles is not just a trou- 
bled prince, but a modem male, 
confused, upset, clumsy, uncom- 
prehending - as emotionally 
retarded as the rest of us" 
(“Another ripping royal yam", 16 
November) when, for years, 
reports on the lifestyles of 
Charles and Diana have shown 
Lbera to be different in outlook 
and temperament? 

The royal couple, like many 
couples I know, have reached a 
stage of unresotvable incompat- 
ibility, but this does not neces- 
sarily mean that Charles, or any 
other modern male in a 'similar 
position, has the inadequacsesMr 

Aaronovitch describes. " . 
Yours faithfully, 

Anthony G. Meadows 

alien - 

Vmi . 
oper.".c : 

5 umir.. ; . 

r— . . 

thaMrV •. 
njiii*oJ r 
tfui i. -- 

bouth A 




vision j; 

Pay and displays 

/rum Mr Michael MccOvrire 
Sin Ftier Foster’s suggestion (tel - * 
ter, 18 November) that museums 
should charge by the time spttrt 
on the premises could bemjkty . 

asked ?. 


»r»r:d j i~ 

. . 

ffliscair.,’::; - " 

didr. i V- «... . 

^Ppeils : \ 


®oiniss - •" 

*d of t . _■ 

^WOea.v-.. . : -■ ■ 

. •• 

“Up ihe .rr-'-V 

Tu ; 
tov.,14, r 1 -. 

r* Luiuu uo 

the car-park system, when**® 
take a timed ticket on enttyL®®* 

pay on departure. . : - 

If payment is to antasntjfip 



Wiii & 

machines that dispense -an ent 
permit in return, this minimises 

I * v\ui U, LUlo UUItUUk'*"* 

congestion, while still aflbwiiig 
differential pricing according lo 
lime of day, day of week, or cat-: 
egory of visitor. - • . 

Yours faithfully, ' =• ' 

M - K- MccGwire - 
Duriston, Dorset 

House of rascals 

From Ms Salfy Lewis 
Sir: Lottie, aged two and a half? 
watched the stale opening of Par- 
liament on television and asked if 
the lady in the crown wa5"-“tfae 
Queen of the castle”. Assured on 
this point, the discerning child 
then pointed to the MPs stream- 
ing in from the House of Ccanr 
ido ns and declared: “So there are 

the dirty rascals!" 

Yours fai thfully 
Sally Lewis 

Saltbum by the Sea, Cleveland 


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Steady hands can defuse a bombshell 

• J |l^A 

Gordon Brown’s tax proposals could signal the begimiing of a genuinely new Labour economics ^ SRip P 

yl - 

T he m ® ts , are clearing. Amid the 
nlJ^n Lab ° Ur ketone and the 
narae^mg among economists one 
big fart stands out from the past few 
days- Progressive taxation is back. 
Gorckm Brown’s proposal to cut taxes 
for the poorest workers is only the 
start. Unless the English language is 
in terminal decline, fair taxes must 
mean higher raxes for wealthier 

What Labour is trying to do is to win 
the propaganda war n lost in 1992 
before the next election campaign gets 
Last time. Labour's tax plans 
would have meant most people pav- 
mg less; but the higher paid would 
haw been hit hard. The Conservatives, 
however, persuaded the country that 
most ordinary people would be hit by 
"Labours tax bombshell”. 

Shadow Cabinet people tramping 
round doorsteps were confronted by 
low-paid or even unemployed voters 
who were convinced that a Labour 
government would require higher 
taxes from them. It shook them rigid. 
It reminded them of what they ought 
to have known all along, which is that 
opinion formers are well paid and vot- 
ers are mostly inriumerate. 

So now we have Brown the tax-cut- 
ter, the VAT-slasher, the enemy of 
income lax. This time round. Labour 
is trying to get the good news in first, 
to imprint so firmly in people's minds 
the idea that the poorer will be taxed 
less that not even the combined might 
of Conservative Central Office, Mau- 
rice Saatchi and the Daify Express will 
be able to shake it. 

Then, and only then, wiU the infi- 
nitely more sensitive issue of higher- 
rate taxpayers be addressed. But it will 

be. One piece of unequivocally good 
news is that Labour has decided it can- 
not Uy to hide its plans; Tony Blair’s 
promise to “say what we mean and 
mean what we say" necessitates the 
great gamble of being honest with the 

One of the great ironies of Labour’s 
new tax position is that it was made 
possible by Norman Lament's last pre- 
election Budget, in which he wrong- 
footed the Opposition by Introducing 
a new, Jow-rale. 20p income tax hand, 
it is this Gordon Brown now wants to 
halve. Having done so, he would have 
the bottom steps of a taxation ladder 
“ % 25p and 40p - which would then 
surely be extended upwards. 

Tony Blair has recently promised 
that there will be no penal taxation for 
higher earners or entrepreneurs. The 
Brown team say they are equally 
against ridiculously high taxes for the 
rich and poverty traps for the poor. 
But the money must come from some- 
where; and it is pretty dear where. It 
wiU come from the sort of people who 
write, and mostly read, this newspaper. 

You can tell a lot about how a party 
is thinking by watching the statistics 
which obsess it. The current favourite 
is the proportion of income that goes 
in tax for the bottom fifth of families 
(around 41 percent) as against the top 
fifth (34 per cent). Gordon Brown is 
a Labour moderniser, but he is also the 
political heir of the staunchly redis- 
tributive John Smith. Were that sta- 
tistic to be the same after five years of 
his stewardship at the Treasury, I guess 
that Brown could not live with himself. 

The scale of the higher-rate increase 
will depend on the outcome of a con- 
flict between John Smith’s spirit, and 


Columnist of the Year 

failure in 1 992, and Tony Blair’s pres- 
ence and ambition for 1997. But that 
it will be proposed, we should have no 

First, though. Brown is turning to 
the people at the bottom. The effect 
of his proposed lOp rate is actually 
quite simple; it would make work a lit- 
tle more attractive to them. If you arc 
in work and on the main mcans- 
tested benefits - family credit, hous- 
ing benefit and council tax benefit - 
you arc facing a marginal tax rate of 
8ttp in the pound. And in the most 
extreme cases, 97p. 

Astonishing, isn’t it? The incentive- 
sapping, high marginal tax rates that 
existed under Labour in the Seventies, 
and which most people in the coun- 
try assume arc long gone, are still 
around. But, like tuberculosis, onW 
among the poorest workers. Labour 
wouldn’t only have to cut the lowest 
tax rate to lOp. It would also have to 
make the “tapers”, which determine 
how much benefit people in work get, 
more generous. 

We are not talking about a fiscal 
revolution. This £63bn package would 
only take the marginal rale for low- 
paid workers down to around 6D-70p 
in the pound. But it would help. Paul 

Gtc“£ of the London School of Eco- 
nomics calls the Brown plan “ lax cuts 
with a conscience . . . trying to take the 
temporary and low-paid jobs gener- 
ated over the last 15 years and make 
them a viable vehicle for getting from 
unemployment into work". 

It marks, at least on the surface, a 
transformation in Labour's attitude to 
what arc sometimes called the ham- 
burger-flipping johs. Up to now, the 
mix of trade union-inspired hauteur 
and angry political derision about the 
kinds of employment generated in the 
Eighties and Nineties led old Labour 
to act as if these jobs were too dis- 
graceful to be included in policy-mak- 
ing - facts that shouldn't be spoken of 
in polite society. 

Now, with this lax proposal and the 
minimum wage coming in below the 
unions’ preferred figure, new Labour 
is seeking, instead, to make the most 
of them. It could signal the beginning 
of a genuinely new Labour econom- 
ics, breaking with trade union -domi- 
nated attitudes to the labour market 
and with the present corporatism. 
But it all depends on how the party 
dealt with public spending. 

An intriguing new pamphlet by 
Professor Nick Bosanquet of Imper- 
ial College, London, published by the 
Social Market Foundation, argues 
(hat (he changes to the public sector 
introduced over the past 15 years 
may actually lead to higher, not lower, 
pressures on public spending. Con- 
iracting-oul and arms’-length agencies 
may have been intended to lower 
costs. But Bosanquet argues that they 
hand more power to big corporations 
and well-organised interest groups. 

He singles out “the vested interest 

in rising public expenditure of private 
contractors undertaking government 
work ... The nature of government 
outputs and the official contracting- 
out process favours large contractors 
in areas such as defence procurement, 
road building and capital investment 
in health and education ... There is a 
growing divide between large corpo- 
rations dug into markets where there 
is often substantial public spending 
and small firms struggling to 

However briefly put, these are too- 
little-recognised truths about what 
bas happened to this country'. It has 
become not an open meritocracy but 
a land of closed and private deals in 
which business and politics are too 
hotly, silently, intertwined. The evi- 
dence spills out from those drily cen- 
sorious reports of the National Audit 
Office or the Audit Commission. 

For Labour, it marks the real chal- 
lenge. Changing the lax system would 
only be accepted by the all-important 
middle classes if they thought the party 
was genuinely trying to be fair, and was 
determined to hold down public 
spending - no special cases, no dass 
of insiders; no group of chums exempt 
from the general will. 

An anti-corpora list party of the 
left which came into power deter- 
mined to run its tax and spending pol- 
icy without reference either to the 
unions or to the big corporations dig- 
ging into the rich mine of public 
expenditure would be in for a rough 
ride, lilting the system back to lower- 
paid people and small businesses 
would be furiously resisted by the new 
corporatists of the Nineties. 

But by God, it would be worth it. 

Robert Block explains why South Africa’s foreign policy is a pale shadow of what it might be 

When Mandela went missing 

A letter written last week 
x\by one of Ken Saro- 
Wiwa’s lawyers to Nelson 
Mandela said it all. “Were 
quiet diplomacy pursued in 
South Africa ... I doubt you 
would be alive today.” South 
Africa’s international humili- 
ation was complete. 

While the execution of Saro- 
Wiwa and his colleagues at the 
opening of the Commonwealth 
summit caught even the roost 
well-informed Nigeria expert 
off guard, there is little doubt 
that Mr Mandela lost his inter- 
national political innocence 
that day. The question being 

South African 
foreign policy 
has had no 
vision to guide it 

asked now throughout South 
Africa and elsewhere in the 
world is what went wrong? 

How could South Africa have 
miscalculated so badly? Why 
didn't Mr Mandela heed the 
appeals of Nigerian opposition 
leaders and intellectuals for ~#jjj 
more robust action to isolate ■Hi 
General Sani Abacha and his sH| 
gang of military thugs? ffi| 

The answers point to short- Ml 
comings in South Africa’s for- MB! 
eign policy and the country’s Neft 
lack of understanding of its 

place in the world. Dmmg the past two 
years there has been a glaring disjunc- 
ture between what South African for- 
eign policy stood for, what the world 
expected of it and what the government 

’’T'jtfi*. • . '■ 


' '■'r J 

Nelson Mandela: reluctant to accept the poisoned chaHce of regional peacekeeper and power brotaer Photograph: PA 

JOCK OI unoeisuuiumg w iu - n 

place in the world. Dmmg the past two extend South African influence in a 
years there has been a glaring disjunc- way they never could during the 
ture between what South African for- apartheid years, Mr Mandela was 
eien policy stood for, what the world reluctant to accept such a poisoned 
ejected of it and what the government chalice without making dear the pnn- 
wtlsacraally doing. The result, accord- dples for which his nation stood. Last 
ine to Professor Peter \fele of the Cen- year, he wrote that ^foreign policy 
tie for South African Studies at the would be guided the twin beacons of 
Western Cape University, is that South human ngfatsjmd democracy. 

Africa has no coherent foreign policy. How™;. Sou* “ 

TJ * . * 

Over the past two years, the United 
S tates and the European Union, tired 
of dealing with all the maladies of 
Africa, have tried to push South Africa 
into the role of continental super- 
power. The plan was that the West 
would help to develop the country eco- 
nomically and in exchange leave Pre- 
toria to handle African ^responsflnh- 
ties” such as regional peacekeeping 
and political power-brokering. While 
many bureaucrats in the country’s 

would be guided the twin beacons of 
human rights and democracy. 

However, South Africa’s record in 
defending human rights and advancing 
the cause of democracy was inot impres- 
sive even before the Nigerian d£bade. 
The country’s intervention in Rwanda, 
Lesotho, Swaziland and even Angola 
bas not drawn any applause. Pretoria 
has not raised its voice against human 
rights abuse in Kenya. In the case of 
Nigeria it opted for its now-discredited 
"softly-softly’’ approach. The inconsis- 
tencies have not been limited to Africa. 
During two visits to Indonesia, Mr 

be guided in its arms po bey by human 
rights, South Africa foiled to support 
a recent international bid to ban the 
manufacture and export of land mines. 

According to Professor Vile, the 
failings of South Africa’s foreign pol- 
icy have to be seen in the context of 
its recent past and a rapidly changing 
world. Throughout the Seventies and 
the Eighties, South Africa was isolated 
from not only the rest of the world but 
from the continent itself. Its foreign 
policy then was threat-driven, aimed 
at subverting nearby countries in 
response to the imagined "total 
onslaught” of communism. 

After the end of the Cold War and 
the demise of apartheid. South African 

many Mandela only made passing reference 

ScSTton to to East Timor. And while professmg to 

without any vision to guide iL At the 
same time the country found itself by 
farce of events in the international frme- 
Hght Using its new-found respectabil- 
ity, it latched on to what Professor We 

calls economic pragmatism, or the 
"neo-mercantilist” model of interna- 
tional affairs, which views the world as 
being driven only by economic issues: 
trade, industry, etc. The Foreign Min- 
istry spem most of is energies using Mr 
Mandela's reputation to boost its quest 
for foreign investment. This the main 
business of South African foreign pol- 
ity was finding business. 

But whether South Africa liked it or 
not, it was at the moral forefront of the 
world. Since his election as Sooth 
Africa's first democratically elected 
president. Nelson Mandela has seen a 
parade of monarchy statesmen and gar- 
den variety politicians beat a path to his 
geo^ltfe have set him apart Yet South 
Africa bas been either unable or unwill- 
ing to cash in on the "Mandela factor”. 

“Everyone has been looking to 
South Africa to play a bigger role in 
international affairs and to lead. But 

signs arc that despite the moral 
gravitas of the President the 
country is not ready to do so,” 
said Glen Oosthuysen of the 
South African Institute of 
International Affairs. 

Until last week, the Deputy 
Foreign Minister, Aziz Pahad, 
said South Africa would not 
lead a campaign to impose 
sanctions against Nigeria 
because it did not have the eco- 
nomic or political clouL That 
role, he said, could only be 
taken on by Britain or the US. 

Much of the blame has been 
put on South Africa’s Foreign 
Minister, Alfred Nzo. While 

South Africa has 
been unable to 
cash in on the 
‘Mandela factor ’ 

Mr Nzo gained extensive expe- 
rience in the international 

I . arena during his time in exile 
with the African National Con- 
gress, he was also known as a 
poor administrator with a lack 
of imagination. His surprising 
appointment to one of the 
government’s most important 
posts was in part attributed to 
the desire of Thabo Mbeki, 
South Africa's Deputy Presi- 
dent, to keep a hand on the till. 
»: RA Whenever problems cropped 
up in Africa, such as in Nigeria, 
it was Mr Mbeki, not Mr Nzo, who was 
dispatched to deal with h. But both men 
have been obsessed with what Profes- 
sor We has called a “fetish for com- 
promise''. They have both appeared 
incapable of deciding whether South 
Africa should lead or follow the Africa 
into the 21st century. 

In the end, Mr Mandela must also 
take his share of the blame. Stung by 
the recent criticism that South Africa 
had not done enough to try to bait the 
executions, he has taken charge of the 
campaign to isolate Nigeria's rulers, lb 
do so be is not relying on his country’s 
economic muscle but on his own 
moral authority. In doing so he has 
made it dear that if South Africa 
wants to be a champion of human 
rights, its foreign policy must be 
brought into line with the moral stand- 
ing of its leader. To fall to do so will 
only lead to more humiliation and the 
fall of the last of our heroes. 

Generation Why 

by Tony Reeve and Steve Way 






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N ot long ago I was in the 
Canterbury area for the 
first time in a long time and I 
realised that you now had to 
pay to get inside the calhedraL 
My wife, an ex-inhabitant of 
Canterbury, ^ was most indignant 
at being charged £2 to enter a 
p]p(v she used to frequent for 
nee. I mentioned this in print, 
in this very column- 1 received 
several letters from Canter- 
bury residents hotly defending 
the entry charge and saying 
that, quite apart from the rev- 
enue it raised, it helped to cut 
down on the otherwise in- 
evitable tourist throng, which 
was not only making the cathe- 
dral unbearable but wearing it 

They migh t like to know that 
MonsigDor David Lewis agrees 
with them. 

Monsagnor David Lewis Is a 
Catholic clergyman who has 
risen to some eminence in 
Rome and now is in charge of 
the large and imposing church 
called Santa Maria Maggiore, 
where the very crib in which 
Jesus lay as a baby is still on dis- 
play. I know that because I was 
there a couple of months ago, 
working on a Channel 4 film 
which was looking at the place 
of relics in the Catholic Church. 

I think it was the first non- 
human relic we bad seen, this 
crib. We had already viewed the 
skull -bone of Saint Chrysogono 
(an obscure Roman soldier 
martyred for converting to 
Christianity), the left foot of 
Saint Tferesa and the heads of 
Saints Peter and Paul, but this 
was the first Biblical furniture 
we had viewed, and that was 
how we met Monsignor Lewis. 

A tall, imposing, white- 
haired man, sturdily built like 
an old rugby player, which he 
might well have been, given the 
strong Welsh accent which he 
still retains. “Not just the 
accent,” he told us. “I still 
speak Welsh. I very occasionally 
celebrate Mass in Welsh still, 
though I have to say that there 
isn’t much call for it here in the 
Eternal City. Or what we call 
the Infernal City these days. 
That was a reference to the 
traffic and pollution.” he 
added, in case we didn't know 
that priests like to make don- 
nish jokes. 

Sensing that we were some- 
what sceptical of the authen- 
ticity of the Holy Crib - fair 
enough, 1 suppose, as nobody is 
likely to come out from Chan- 
nel 4 to make a film aiming to 
endorse the authenticity of 
Catholic relics - Monsignor 
Lewis stressed that nobody 
guaranteed the genuineness of 


“I believe it is genuine." he 
said, “but I can’t prove iL We 
know that the wood is old 
enough, and we know that it 
has been preserved for as 
long as records have been kepL 
but we can’t guarantee iL There 
are some things we can guar- 

antee though. Til show you 
something. Wait here.” 

He bustled off through the 
crowds in the Sunday morning 
aisle. He bustled back with a 
glass caskeL “There you are,' 1 
he said. “The only known 
remains of St Thomas & Bucket. 
Absolutely guaranteed." 

He twirled it as uncon- 
cernedly as if he were carrying 
a handbag. There didn't seem 
to be a lot left. A bone or two. 
A bit of cloth. A letter, or what 
looked like iL 

“It's not a letter - it's the con- 
temporary certificate of auth- 
enticity,” said Monsignor 
Lewis. “We've had it tested by 
experts. Absolutely genuine. 1 1 
lists the contents of the casket, 
which are a bit of shoulder, a bit 
of brain-case, some brain tissue 
and a long white shirt. It cor- 
responds exactly to what we 
know of his death, when the 
sword sliced through his skull 
HERE and cut off the top of bis 
shoulder HERE.” He demon- 
strated graphically. 


“Shouldn't this all be back si 
Canterbury?” 1 said. 

“Well, it was ail back at Can 
terbuiy," he said, “until the 
place went Protestant and 
things like this were rescued 
and brought back to Rome.” 
“Have they ever said they 
wanted it back?” 

“Of course? They’d love to 
have it back! But it's out of the 
question. St Thomas was a 
good Catholic boy, don’t foigel. 
Canteibury isn't Catholic any 
more, so it should be in Rome. 
Of course, if they ever decided 
to come back to the true foitii 


I derided to consult him on 
Independent business. “I don't 
know if you know this, but Can- 
terbury Cathedra] now charge.-, 
for entry. 1 think it’s £2 a head. 
What do you think of that?” 
Monsignor Lewis looked a: 
the coachloads coming in and 
out of his church and sighed and 
said: “I have every sympathy 
with them. Every sympathy. If ! 
could take 50p off everyone 
who came in this church, my 
worries would be over. As it is. 
we are millions in debt, or at 
least we need millions to keep 
the place in good repair. Most 
ofipy time is spent fund-raising. 
Going on tours of America with 
my hat held out I’d give any- 
thing not to have to do that Just 
50p. that’s all it would take ..." 

I admit iL It seems I may 
have been wrong about Can- 
terbury CatbedraL 

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Composer, lyricist, singer, pi- 
anist and arranger. Ralph Blanc 
was a multi-talented man of 
theatre and cinema who wifi be 
best remembered for the songs 
he wrote, particularly his cap- 
tivating work with Hugh Mar- 
tin for Vincente Minnelli's 1944 
classic Meet Me in St Louis, in- 
cluding the Oscar-winning 
“Trolley Song" and the peren- 
nial “Have Yourself a Merry 
Little Christmas”. 

He was bom Ralph Uriah 
Hunsecker in 1914 in Broken 
Arrow. Oklahoma, and kepi up 
close links with his home slate, 
writing material for and occa- 
sionally hosting their fairs and 
beauty pageants. He was edu- 
cated at Northwestern Univer- 
sity. then studied piano, 
dancing and voice before join- 
ing the chorus of the St Louis 
Municipal Opera Company in 
1°34. He made his Broadway 
debut in the chorus of Nei% 
Faces of 1936, followed by 
Lehar’s Fredcrika ( 1937). 

Late in 1937 he was hired as 
a chorus singer for the revue 
Hooray for featuring 

Kay Thompson, who as vocal 
arranger had also brought along 
most of the singers from her ra- 
dio show. including Hugh Mar- 
lin. When Thompson was one 
of several east members fired 
during the show s stormy re- 
hearsal period. Blanc and Mar- 
tin took over the arranging 

They arranged one of the 
show's" songs For a quarteL in- 
cluding themselves, which had 
a fife after the show, when they 
were known as the Martins. 
Hired by Richard Rodgers to do 
vocal arrangements for The 
Boys from Syracuse ( 19371. 
Blane and Martin wrote a su- 
perb arrangement of “Sing For 
Your Supper" for a harmonis- 
ing female trio which stopped 
the show every night and led to 
their getting work as vocal 
arrangers on such important 
musicals as Kern and Ham- 
merstein's 1 cry IVami for May. 
Rodgers and Hart's Too Many 
67//) and Pal Joey. Cole Porters 
Duhany was a Lady, and Inina 
Berlin's Louisiana Purchase. 

Simultaneously. Blane had 

become a popular radio night- 
club singer, both as a solo 
(billed as “NBC's Young Man 
of Melody”) and as a member 
of the Martins on the radio 
shows of Mary Martin and Fred 
Allen. When the producer 
George .Abbott was known to be 
seeking new talent for his next 
show, lhe actor Van Johnson 
suggested to Blane that he col- 
laborate with Martin. The result 
Best Foot Forward (1941), had 
a big hit with its rousing foot- 
ball song "Buckle Down, 
Winsocki”. and was hailed for 
its youthful energy and for pro- 
viding a fresh, modem sound on 
Broadway; with its boogie- 
woogie and swing tunes, it is a 
score redolent of the Forties, Al- 
though each wrote many of the 
songs solo. Blane and Marlin 
decided at the start of their col- 
laboration always to take joint 
credit for their work. 

MGM signed several of the 
show's cast for the film version 
and also brought Martin and 
Blane to Hollywood to write 
new material and work with 
Roger Edens on arrangements. 
After writing two pieces of ma- 
terial for Judy Garland - 
"Three Cheers for the Yanks", 
filmed for but ultimately cut 
from For Me and My Gal 1 1942) 
and “The Joint is Really Jump- 
ing" for Thousands Cheer 
(1943) - they were assigned 
Meet Me in Si Louis ( 1944). The 
unconventional, surgingly 
rhythmic “Trolley Song" de- 
servedly won the Academy 
Award and became one of the 
most popular songs of the year 
and a trademark number for 
Garland. It is still a particular 
favourite with musicians. The 
wistful ballad “The Boy Next 
Door” was also a hit. while in 
1989 "Have Yourself A Merry 
Little Christmas" overtook 
Berlin's “White Christmas’’ to 
become the most recorded 
Christmas song of all time. 
(Luckily, Garland refused to 
sing the original lyrics which 
started “Have yourself a mer- 
ry little Christmas, it may be 
your last .. .".) 

Further film hits by the team 
were ’ Love", smoulderingly in- 
troduced by Lena Home in 

Sheet-music for Blane and Martin’s 'Trolley Song’, 1944: 1 “Clang, dang, dang,” went the trofley, “Ding, 
(fir& ding," went the bed, “Zing, zing, ring," went my heart-strings, For the moment I saw him I fefl' 

Ziegfcld Follies ( 1946) and “Pass 
That Peace Pipe" written with 
Edens and a highlight of 
MGM's delightful 1947 ver- 
sion of Good News. When Mar- 
tin moved back to New York to 
do stage work, Blane wrote a 
solo score. One Sunday After- 
noon f 1948) and collaborated 
with Harry Warren on Summer 
Holiday (1948 ), a charmingly in- 
novative score with one rousing 
hit. “The Stanley Steamer": My 
Dream is Yours (1949). which 
gave Doris Day two hits, the ti- 
tle-song and “Someone Like 
You”; and Skins Ahoy! (1952), 
which included “What Good is 
a Gal Without a Guy?”. 

For a Belly Grable vehicle. 
My Blue Heaven (1950), Blane 
composed with Harold Arlen a 

witty score that seemed more 
suitable for a Broadway revue 
- it included songs satirising 
South Pacific, the “holiday" 
tunes of Irving Berlin and tax- 
deductible expenses. The 
show's hit tune, “Don’t Rock the 
Boat. Dear", was crammed with 
felicitous rhymes for its many 
“boat" synonyms. The French 
Line ( 1954), starring Jane Rus- 
sell, had songs by Blane and 
Joseph Myrow, after which 
Blane was reunited with Mar- 
tin for The Girl Rush ( 1954), 
which staiTed Rosalind Russell, 
though Gloria De Haven had 
the hit song, “An Occasional 
Man", and two Jane Powell mu- 
sicals. Athena (1954) and The 
Girl Most Likely (1957). 

Blane returned to Broadway 

to write words and music for 
Three Wishes for Jamie (1952). 
but its Irish whimsy and a plot 
involving the heroine’s barren- 
ness doomed it to a short run. 
and in 1956, he wrote an or- 

chestral symphony, “A Prayer 
for Voltaire". 

In 1989 a stage version of 
Meet Me in St Louis opened on 
Broadway and the team of Mar- 
tin and Blane (both 75 years 
old) got together once more to 
write new songs to bolster the 
still potent originals. 

Tom Vallance 

Ralph Uriah Hunsecker ( Ralph 
Blane), songwriter composer : 
bom Broken Arrow, Oklahoma 
26 July 1914; died Broken Arrow 
13 N member 1995. 

F. G. Emmison 

F. G. Emmison was a pioneer 
in the field of local archives 
whose determination, energy 
and scholarship, together with 
his undoubted talents as a pub- 
licist, made him a formidable 
amt often irresistible force. 

That the Essex Record Office 
became a leader in its field was 
thanks to FmmL son's refusal to 
be content with modest achieve- 
ment and his ability to recruit 
and direct the work of talent- 
ed assistants. Eight of bis staff 
went on to become county 
archivists. Others distinguished 
themselves as historians or 
made significant contributions 
to the work of the Royal Com- 
mission on Historical Manu- 
scripts and the British Library 
Department of Manuscripts. 
Under his direction the first Es- 
sex Record Office Guides were 
published in 1946 and 1948, 
models later to be adapted by 
other offices. 

The development of a service 
to Essex schools, including the 
publication of the pioneering 
Seta, portfolio series encouraged 
the educational use of archives 
in other counties and the es- 
tablishment of other Like ser- 
vices. With his wife Margaret, 
he endowed an annual prize for 
work based on historical re- 
search by Essex schoolchildren 
which still continues. The an- 
nual exhibitions at Ingatestone 
Hall, still recalled with admi- 
ration by those who visited 
them, together with their ac- 
companying booklets, set a new 
standard for colleagues to em- 
ulate. The establishment of the 
Record Office as a publishing 
house for Essex local history in 
order to bring the written her- 
itage of his county to a wider au- 
dience and to interpret it for the 
enjoyment of the general pub- 
lic remains as a fitting tribute to 
his foresight and as a path 
which other offices still strive to 

Bom in Bedford in 1907. 
Frederick George Emmison 
was educated at Bedford Mod- 
em School, where he distin- 
guished himself academically, 
but was unable to proceed to 
university (Cambridge would 
have been his choice), because 
of his father's mistaken belief 
that a family investment had 
failed. The denial of a univer- 
sity education and a degree 
was a cause of regret to him 
which perhaps spurred him on 
to prove himself more than 

Emmison; Essex history 

equal, by his achievements in his 
chosen profession, to those 
with formal academic qualifi- 
cations. The many distinctions 
bestowed on him during a long 
and productive life were a 
source of considerable pleasure, 
to a man who outwardly 
seemed so confident, but in- 
wardly needed reassurance of 
the approbation of his peers. 

In 1925 he was appointed as 
Bedfordshire’s first Clerk of 
the Records under the tutelage 
of Dr G.H- Fowler, the “Father 
of Local Archives". From 
Fowler he gained a thorough 
grounding in the emerging field 
of archive administration and, 
by the time of his appointment 
as the first County Archivist of 
Essex, Emmison had already 
gained a reputation for his en- 
ergetic, imaginative approach, 
having surveyed the civu and ec- 
clesiastical parish records of 
Bedfordshire in bis own time. 

Emmison ’s was a prolific au- 
thor. As oae observer noted, a 
bibliography of his works up to 
1976, published in the Journal 
of the Society of Archivists, em- 
braced five pages and since 
then he produced numerous ar- 
ticles and several larger works. 
His Tudor Secretary: Sir William 
Petre at Court and Home (1961) 
was a significant contribution to 
Tudor studies, and his Eliza- 
bethan Life series demonstrat- 
ed the richness of Essex sources 
for the period and his ability to 
relate them to the wider canvas. 
The Essex Wills series, on which 
he was still working shortly be- 
fore his death, will extend to 12 
volumes, of which 10 have al- 
ready been published. The 
series demonstrates the tenac- 
ity and s tamin a of the man and 
the wealth of material for 
historians and genealogists 

to be found in probate records 
that he was determined to 

EznmisoD was a Liveryman of 
the Worshipful Company of 
Scriveners, a Fellow of the So- 
ciety of Antiquaries, of the 
Royal Historical Society and of - 
the Society.of Genealogists; he 
was a founder member of both" 
the British Records Association 
and the Society of Local 
Archivists, and was honoured 
with the offices of Presden tor 
Vice-President by the Histori- 
cal Association, the British 
Records Association, the Sod- . 
ety of Archivists and {he Sod- • 
ety of Genealogists as weD as by 
many learned societies in Essex 
and Bedfordshire. In 1974 he 
was awarded the Julian Bide-' 
erstelh Medal by the Institute 
of Heraldic and Genealogical 
Studies and in- 1987 the Medlt-. 
cott Medal by the Historical As- . 
sedation. He was appointed 
MBE in 1966 and he took par- . 
Ocular pleasure from the con- 
ferring of an honorary . 
Doctorate by Essex University . 

in 1970. 

Margaret Langwill, whom 
he married in 1935, also an 
archivist, helped Derick with ed- 
itorial tasks throughout his ca- 
reer until her eyesight 
deteriorated. Her death less 
than a year ago robbed turnoff 
an immensely patient and sup- ' 
portive helpmate and his own ' 
robust health ebbed away. He 
had retired as County Archivist 
of Essex in 1969, but bis passion. - 
for the further development of 
his creation never left him and 
his work continued through 
the Friends of Historic Essex 
and a determination to . 
keep abreast of the latest 

Throughout his life the force 
of his personality sometimes 
made him a less than easy col- 
league or collaborator, but he 
succeeded where many others 
would have faltered. Archivists 
and historians have much to be 
grateful for in the achieve- 
ments of Derick Emmison. 

Ken HaU 

Frederick George Emmison, 
archivist and historian : bom 
Bedford 28 May 1907; Clerk of 
the Records, Bedfordshire 1925- 
1938; County Archhist of Essex 
1938-1969; married 1935 Mar- 
garet Langwill ( died 1994; one 
son. one daughter); died Chelms- 
ford 9 November 1995. 

Professor Alex Mowat 

Alex Mowat had been Profes- 
sor of Paediatric Hepatology at 
King's College Hospital. Lon- 
don. for the past five years, and 
his death represents a great loss 
to British paediatrics and to the 
many young patients he helped, 
both in Britain and throughout 
the world; he died while on a 
lecture tour in Chile. 

Mowat was proud of his Scot- 
tish ancestry' and his medical ed- 
ucation in Aberdeen. The seeds 
of his brilliant academic career 
were sown during clinical ap- 
pointments in the 1 96Us in Ab- 
erdeen, Hong Kong, and New 
York and matured in a re- 
search post in the Enzymology 
Department of the Rowell Re- 
search Institute. Aberdeen, and 
during a two-year Training Fel- 
lowship with Dr Irwin M. Arias 
in the Department of Medicine 
at the Albert Einstein College 
of Medicine. Yeshiva. New 
York. These posts gave Mowat 
an expertise in biochemistry, en- 
zymoiogy and hepatology which 
formed the basis of great clin- 
ical contributions to his chosen 
specialty of paediatric liver dis- 
ease and in the can.’ of children 

in general paediatric medicine. 
At the very early steps of his ca- 
reer. Alex Mowat met and mar- 
ried Ann Hunter, a continuous 
source of inspiration, support 
and love. 

In 1970 Mowat was appoint- 
ed to King's as Consultant 
Paediatrician and Paediatric 
HepatologisL a post which was 
unique and a timely recognition 
of a completely new specialty. 
Although there had previously 
been no sustained academic 
interest in liver disorders in chil- 
dren in Britain. Mowat devel- 
oped a first-class clinical unit for 
children who suffered with 
these rare conditions. The clin- 
ical work of the unit was backed 
up at all levels by research into 
causes and treatment; it need- 
ed staff from many disciplines 
and Mowat forged a team of he- 
patologists, paediatric and 
transplant surgeons, radiolo- 
gists. pathologists, nurse spe- 
cialists. dieticians and other 
specialists which had no equal 
at that time. 

In ly«6 the unit received of- 
ficial government recognition 
and funding, thus becoming 

the first suprarcgional centre for 
the treatment of children with 
liver disorders from all over 
Britain. The concentration of 
the children into one unit in- 
creased the knowledge and ex- 
pertise in management and this 
was reflected in the improved 
results which formed the basis 
of more than 200 publications. 
Biliary atresia, portal hyper- 
tension and liver tumours were 
some of the conditions which 
were treated with results which 
were not surpassed in any 
centre in the world. 

Mowat was supportive of the 
introduction of new techniques 
of treatment and Lhis included 
the development of liver trans- 
plantation in children. His unit 
pioneered the development of 
auxiliary transplants and the 
successful introduction of the 
living-related programme - in 
which one of the parents gives 
part of their liver to be trans- 
planted into the child - which 
has helped to ease the shortage 
of available organs in trans- 
plantation. Last year more than 
560 children were admitted 
with life-threatening liver dis- 

orders and over 30 received 
liver transplants. 

The international standing of 
the unit is remarkable and 
many of the research projects 
have been carried out in col- 
laboration with university de- 
partments abroad. An example 
of the value of this work was Lhe 
discovery of the key role of di- 
etary copper in the causation of 
Indian Childhood cirrhosis, a 
finding which has led to the dis- 
appearance of the disease in 
parts of India in which this in- 
formation has been made 

The experience from King’s 
was distilled by Mowat into his 
textbook Liver Disorders in 
Childhood (1979). The book 
reached its third edition in 1994 
and is generally regarded as the 
reference book on the subject. 
Mowat has also been credited 
with raising the general aware- 
ness of his subject by introduc- 
ing liver medicine into 
gastroenterological and gener- 
al paediatric meetings- However 
his work was not restricted to 
the confines of the medical 
profession. In 1980 he encour- 

aged parents of children at- 
tending the liver service at 
King's to develop an association 
which has become the Chil- 
dren’s Liver Disease Founda- 
tion. a national charity. This 
organisation is dedicated to 
making the problems of 
children's liver disease more 
widely known, to improving 
outcome by funding research 
and to prowling support for af- 
fected families, it has raised 
over £3m. 

Academic and clinical work 
produced other responsibili- 
ties for Mowat which he ban- 
died with skill. He was Head of 
the Academic Department of 
Child Health within the hospi- 
tal and an examiner for London 
University and the Royal Col- 
lege of Physicians. He was also 
Honorary Consultant in Paedi- 
atrics to the Royal Air Force 
and Chairman of the Hospital 
Consultants' Committee. 

Alex Mowat also had a full 
life outside his work. He loved 
his gplf and taught many friends 
the art of whisky tasting. 

Edward R. Howard 
and Giorgios Mieli-Yergani 

Mowat Rver metBcfne 

Alexander Parker Mowat, pae- 
diatrician, hepatoiogist: bom 
Cullen, Banffshire 5 April 1935: 
Consultant Paediatrician and 
Paediatric Hepatoiogist, Kings 
College Hospital London 1970- 
95, Head, Department of Child 
Health, King's College Hospital 
1993-95; Conical Teacher, Lon- 
don University 1970-95; Profes- 
sor of Paediatric Hepatology, 
London University 1990-95, Se- 
nior Examiner in Paediatrics 
1993-95; married 1961 .Ann 
Hunter (two sons); died 
Santiago, Chile 11 November 

Eddie Griffiths 

Tam DalyelTs obituary of Eddie 
Griffiths [20 October] draws at- 
tention to his naive maiden 
speech in the House of Com- 
mons, and to his inability to re- 
alise that a failure to reside in 
his constituency would render 
him politically vulnerable, 
writes D. J. Stapley. However, 
neither his continued Welsh 
residence nor his indiscreet vis- 
it to a Conservative MP in Suf- 
folk, reported by DalyelL were 
ever more than an excuse and 
the “last straw" needed to get 
rid of a man who spoke his mind 
too openly. 

Eddie maintained that ir- 
reparable damage had been 
done to the steel industry from 
the 1950s onwards by both 
Conservative and Labour par- 
ties who had used it as a polit- 
ical football. He was also angry, 
like many other loyal trade- 
unionists, some in senior posi- 
tions, at the way that the Labour 

government had set up the na- 
tionalised industty in 1967 and 
had then interfered daily in 
operational matters - and an- 
gry at the way that they had 
forced on the industry political, 
rather than commercially 
sensible, decisions. 

After he ceased to be an MP. 
Eddie worked with me in 
British Steel Corporation 
Sheffield Division headquar- 
ters on a research project and 
was, also, writing a book to 
demonstrate the damage done 
to the industry by political 

He believed that honest crit- 
icism and debate could correct 
the faults in both unions and 
management in the industry 
and in the Labour Party. Was he 
ahead of his time or just too 
naive? As a Christian democrat, 
he should never have been 
wedded to that particular 
constituency party. 

Simon Rifldnd, lawyer, died 
New York 14 November, aged 
94. Represented Jacqueline 
Kennedy Onassis. and worked 

as an adviser on Jewish affairs 
to the US Army in Europe in 
1945-46, giving legal assistance 
to many Holocaust survivors. 

& Deaths 


LEE-WOOLF: The Rev James Philip, 
missionary, minister, ecumenist. On 
Saturday IS Not ember. at home, 
aged 7V. Beloved husband or Jean, 
much -loved rather and grandfather. 
Funeral Saturday 25 Ncwcmbcr. Pri- 
vate cremation at Golders Green. 

i Lam. follow ed by a ibanlariviiig ser- 
vice at Si Margaret's URCTFunehlev. 

1.30pm. Familv Dowers only, dona- 
tions if desired 10 Christian' Aid. 

MURPHY: Joirn A.. Archbishop Emer- 
itus of Cardiff, at St Joseph's Hospi- 
tal. Malpas. on IS November 1995. in 
his h year. Reception of bodv into 
Sr David's Cathedral. Cardiff, on 
Wednesday 22 November at 5pm. Ly- 
ing in state on ThuiydaySam-Spm. Fu- 
neral mass at 12 noon. Friday 24 
November, followed by interment at 
t ia m.nn Abbey. No Dowers. If 
desired, dona Lions ’to Si Anne's Hos- 

R ice, c/o the Administrator. Malpas. 
ewport. Gwent. 

SWIRE: Suddenly, on 19 November, at 
her home in Eielph. Gwen, aged lit 
wars, retired deputy director of So- 
cial Services. Oldham. Funeral servvc 
at St Thomas's Church. Delph. on 
Thursday 23 November at 2 . 30 pm. 
prior to private interment at Heights 
Church Yard. No flowers by re quest. 
Funeral enquiries ;ind donations, if de- 
sired. to the Woodland Trust, c/o D. 
Haukans. telephone 01457 $74357 or 
8722 ITU. 

Announcements for Gazelle BIRTHS. 
sent in writing to the Gazette Editor, 
The IndepeudenL 1 Canada Square, Ca- 
nary Wharf, London EI4 SDL. Ldf- 
ph uned to 0171-293 2011 or raxed to 
0171-293 2010. and are drafted at £6^0 
a line (VAT extra). 


Mr Coningsby Allday. former chair- 
man, British Nuclear Fuels. 75; Miss 
Beiyl Bainbridge. author and actress, 
til; Mrs Georgina Baitiscombc, au- 
thor. 90; Miss Vivian Blaine, actress 
and singer, 72; Mr Roy Boul ling, dm 
producer, 82; Miss Tina Brown, Ed- 
itor. the New Yorker, 42; Mr Jeremy 
Bullrnore, director, the Guardian and 
Manchester Evening News pic, 06; 
Miss Amelia Freedman, founder 
and Artistic Director. Nash Ensem- 
ble, 55: Mr Nickolas Grace, actor. 48: 
Dr Michael Grant, Greek and Ro- 
man historian, SI; Miss Goldie 
Hawn., 50; Mr John Horder. 
poet and journalist. 59: Mr Stanley 
Kalms. founder and chairman. 
Dixons Group, 64; M Jacques Laf- 
fite. motor racing driver. 51 Miss Na- 
talia Makarova, ballerina, 55; Mr Tun 
Robinson, cricketer, 37; Mr Malcolm 
Williamson, composer and Master or 
the Queen's Music, 64; Viscount 
Younger of Ledde, former Lord- 
Lieutenant of Stirling and Falkirk, 89. 

Feast Day of St Albert of Louvain 
and St Gelasius I. pope. 


Births: Voltaire (Frangois- Marie 
Are uct). writer. 1694; Arthur Gor- 
ing Thomas, composer. 185th Har- 
po (Adolph. or Arthur) Marx, 
comedian. 1888; Rene-Framjois 
G his lain Magritte, painter, 1898. 
Deaths: Sir Thomas Gresham, 
founder of the Royal Exchange. 
1579: Henry Purcell composer, IfiyS; 
James Hogg, writer, the “Eurick 
Shepherd". 1835; Dominic Bevan 
Wyndham Lewis, author. 1969. On 
this day: the Montgolfier brothers 
made the first hot-air balloon flight, 
1783; a Bill making women eligible 
as MPs received Royal Assent. 1918; 
construction work began on the 
Forth Road Bridge, 195S: parlia- 
mentary proceedings were televised 
fur the first rime, 19X9. Today is the 


National Gallery: Stella Gambling. 
"Ceilings (iii): Tiepolo, An Allegory 
wth Mruis” . 1pm. 

Victoria and Albert Museum: 
Catherine Wilson, “Dutch Delft- 
ware", 230pm. 

British Museum: Chris Kirby, “Gebel 
el Haridi: a site in Egypt over4JJ(K) 
years", 1.15pm. 

National Portrait Gallery: Stephen 
Lloyd. “George IV and Richard 
Cosway: creating the public and 
private image", 1.10pm. 

Gresham College, Barnard's Inn 
Hall London EC1: Professor Peter 
He on essy. “Quiet, Calm Delibera- 
tion: Harold Macmillan 1957-63", 

Hlghgale Scientific and Literary In- 
stitution, London N6; Marina Whin- 
er. “Lost Souls. Stolen Shadows". 

RIBA Architecture Centre, London 
Wl: Greg Penoyrc and Sunand 
Prasad, “Theoretical Beginnings. 
Practical Completion", 6.15pm. 


Corporation of London 
The Lord Mayor of London. Mr John 
Chalslrey, entertained lhe outgoing 
Lord Mayor, Sir Christopher Wal- 
lbrd, at a Banquet held yesterday 
evening al Guildhall, London EC2. 
The Lord Mayor, Sir Christopher 
Walfoni the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury. the Most Rev George Carey, 
the Prime Minister, Mr John Major 
MP. and the Lord High Chancellor. 
Lord Macfcay of Clashfera, were lhe 


Lord Home of the Hirsel 

There will be two thanksgiving ser- 
vices for the life of Lord Home of the 

in London, a service will be held 
in Westminster Abbey at 1 1 3Cnm on 
Monday 22 J.muaiy- Those wishing 
to attend are asked to apply in writ- 
ing, enclosing a stamped addressed 
envelope, to Miss Karen Koenea. 23 
Great Winchester Street, London 
EC2P 2AX. Tickets will be posted on 
8 January. 

In Edinburgh. a service will he held 
in St Giles' Cathedral Edinburgh, on 
Monday 4 December 1995 at I lam. 
No tickets are required. 

Tkt Qtfn hnbh an lamliUirr al Buclnifbain 

Palace. Thr Duke of Edtaban*. Pair™ and 
TnMvc. aiinkb RiTpuutc, m Si Janus '. Pabcc 
6* V.uag Itoink Htn.< lute rudtnJ ihi- Tail Scan- 
duil in lhe Duke of Eibntaiffti'-. Annl. 
Fi«nder and Chairman «tf lhe tnivnuuniul 
Thsmxj. lhe poke of Edinburgh . Award In- 
lenuiunal AaccuUnn, pvei a mn.-b and chain 
> mcctlnc n the ImcnulinnaJ Tnitlcca jl Buck- 
rnehaoi Palace, at Palma and ThWiv. thr Rule 
of Edmbnndi i Arad, gives a rcocfdaa .a Bud. 
iirgham RaScr. sad at Rjtmder and Chairman "f 
lhe IntenBtmol thaim the EtaLc uf Ldartu^li'a 
Award Inienulxuml Auudalion. alien* a World 
FcUcaanhip [linnet al the Cale Rural. Lento. Wl. 
Thr PrfaKr ifHalce Duke nr Cornwall. visits lhe 
Brilrfi Cured Pikdunfe Lid Muicam and IkI"- 
ry m iSnchn. Cornwall, and meets reprejeomrees 
•itihc local lohuif thxl and lOhet member, ul lhe 
retail;; iiahton al lhe Royal NoO"iul Hr»« u> 
f'erp Sea FPhermm. and a* Pmiiknu lhe 
[Since 1 . Tnr4. allcmb I be premiere "f C- 
al the Odcie Lewder Squalr. Lndon WC2 
Prta* Edward, Thidee. lhe Meif Edinburgh". 
AuartL aiiends. lhe FnenJj Keixpnon ul HudL- 
mpham ftitiuc, and admnrx [nr the Qu iter Mem ■ 
hen at i hr Royal Lanea.-4rr Hied. Li mdnD *1 
The PrfaoMi Rural auci*I< .■ .'■tmilununhy ibe 
NaUeamJ RmrivTnvl al Si Orinji'i ttjtne. Wind- 
sut Cxtffc. i "pens lhe new LRirar> in Halcbeb<r'> 
Aerr. Windsor, Ucrfcdme, and at. Pre'iA.m. 
REOR - RjlfMlici] Enjnnccre tot DtwiJeT Re- 
bel. aiictub lhe Annual rtcneral Mrclmp ul ibe 
I nmuu iun uf CJril Cnpnecn. Loudon SWI. The 
Dxbtw of Kent opem Ibe Sumo Nullr-ld line- 
pllal. SUnhnfdean. Bffehlun. and a» Palnandv 
d« the havoc LVuixm, BtifWoo. Ead Snuer. 
Prin«M Atm aim attends a performance of 
CVnonuotr in aid .if lhe Euionran I'TpamEUron 
far Rccarcfc and Trvumenl of Cancer |EV iRTO 
al lhe Knuds Eiriwev m Pam 

Council not bound by promise to tenant 


Southwark London Borough 
Council v Logan; Court of Appeal 
(Lord Justice Neill and Lord 
Justice AuldJ 31 October 1995 

21 November 1995 

Changing of the Guard 

Thu ttmiuhnlrj I'avalrt Mourned Rcpmeni 
motion the Oueen 1 * Lite rteuiiiat HoraConk. 

I lam. 

A housing authority was not 
bound to honour its written 
promise to a tenant that, hav- 
ing left her previous home 
because of racial harassment, 
she would not be evicted 
from the property in which 
she was currently squatting 
unless and until she had 
been offered a suitable 

The authority's undertak- 
ing did not form the basis of a 
binding contraO. and neither it 
nor the authority's express pol- 
icy of giving precedence to 
victims of racial harassment 
gave rise to an estoppel. The 
tenant thus had no right to 
occupy the premises in which 
she was squatting and (he 
authority was entitled to evict 

The Court of Appeal dis- 
missed Mrs Yvette Logan's 
appeal from Judge Levy QC, 
sitting in Central London 
County Court on 5 August 
1994, who ( i) made an order for 
possession of 21 Bcnwick 
Close. Rolherhithe. London, in 
favour of Southwark London 
Borough Council, and (ii) dis> 
missed Mrs Logan's counter- 
claim to be a secure tenant of 
that property. 

Etcabedi-.-tnne Giunbel (who did not 
appear bekmi (Hinson i£ Co) for Mrs 
Lagan; Nicholas K. Nrcot (Cine 
Cmce, South work) for the council. 

Lord Justice Neill said that 
from 1975 to 1985 Mrs Logan 
and her family lived in a two- 
bedroom council flat at 18 
Hylhe House in Southwark, 
where they were subjected to 
serious racial harassment. In 
1979 she was placed on the reg- 
ister for a transfer on Lhe 
basis the flat was overcrowded. 

in 1985 the council adopted 
a policy on radai harassment 
which provided that victims 
should be transferred to ac- 
commodation of an equal or 
higher standard. 

~In December 1985 Mrs Lo- 
gan and her family moved into 
21 Benwich Close, which was 
part of a new development by 
the Greater London Council, 
half of which had been allo- 
cated to Southwark. The coun- 
cil tried to get Mrs Logan to 
leave because another family 
had been offered the house but 
she would not go. In May 1986 
the council obtained a posses- 
sion order, but did not enforce 
it at that stage. 

On 2S August 1986 the 
Rolherhithe district housing 

manager, Mrs V. Ross, wrote 
her the letter on which her pre- 
sent claim was based. It said: 
You are registered as a family re- 
quiring five-bedroom accommotla- 
uon and are of the highest priority 
because of the racial harassment ex- 
perienced by you and members of 
your family at 18 Hythe House . . . 
1 promHc that the Court Order ob- 
tained in May 1986 against you will 
noi be enforced unless it is proved 
that you have been offered a suit- 
able place and have refused it for no 
good reason. 

In April 1989 Mis Logan was 
told that approval would be 
sought from the housing com- 
mittee for her to be offered the 
tenancy of the house but a rec- 
ommendation to that effect 
was not followed through, nor 
was it accepted by the com- 
mittee in April I9W. In Janu- 
ary 1991 a notice to quit was 
served. After various delays, the 
case came before the judge in 
July 1994. 5 

It was argued (a) that the let- 
ter of 28 August 1986 consti- 
tuted a contract between the 
council and Mrs Logan under 
which she became entitled to 
remain at 21 Bcnwick Oose un- 
til offered suitable alternative 
accommodation; or (fr) that the 
council was estopped from dis- 
puting her right to remain and 

from bringing possession 

In his Lordship's judgment, 
the ease in contract was hope- 
less. No term was agreed as to 
payment, which would have 
been an essential term of any 
contract: and none of the mat- 
ters set out as constituting 
consideration was sufficient 

As for estoppeL it seemed 
abundantly clear that Mrs Lo- 
gan bad terminated her tenancy 
of l8 Hythe House of her own 
initiative and in so doing had 
not suffered a detriment in re- 
liance upon the assurance giv- 
en in the letter of 28 August 
1986. She had no intention of 
moving back; and even if the 
tenancy of 18 Hythe House was 
not formally terminated until 
1988, that termination could 
not in the circumstances be re- * 
garded as a detriment suffered 
tty Mrs Logan. She had effec- 
tively severed her connection 
with Hythe House at the end 
of 1985. 

Looking at the case as a 
whole, his Lordship concluded 
it would not be right to set 
the order for possession. The 
council had stayed its hand as 
long as it could because of Mis 
Logan's difficulties; but it also 
had responsibilities to others 
who sought its assistance. 

I/ird Justice Auld agreed. 

Paul Magratk Barrister 



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INDEPENDENT • Tuesday 21 November 1995 

Hamish McRae: UK deficit battles loom 
Investment: Emap’s do uble-edged news 
Market Report: BT misses the party 

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Emap revenues slow 

Magazine publisher Emap signalled a slowdown in revenue 
growth in the second halt taking the shine off a 70 per cent in- 
crease in underlying pre-tax profits for the six months to Sep- 
tember. Profits improved across the company's activities, which 
include consumer and business magazines, regional newspapers 
and radio interests. Reported pre-tax profits Jumped from 
to £33.9m while the interim dividend, jumped to 3.7p (225pJ. 
Investment column, page 22 

Ernst & Young revenues at record high 

Ernst & Young, which is the largest international accountancy 
I firm and has the second biggest management consultancy prac- 
tice among accounting firms, announced a 14 per cent rise in 
world-wide revenue to a record $6.87bn for the year to 30 Sep- 
tember. Nick Land, UK senior partner, said the increase exceeded 
world-wide growth for the previous four years combined. 

Glaxo wins drug approval 

Glaxo received approval from the US food and drug adminis- 

trati.-in iiAcl^.4n.. t.-. C-LJ_ i! imr J . • 

tration yesterday to market Epivir, an anti-HIV drug, in com- 
bination with Retrovir, the treatment acquired at the time of 

Dinahon with Retrovir, the treatment acquired at the time of 
the f 9bn takeover of Wellcome earlier this year. Epivir was ap- 
proved under the FDA’s accelerated approval regulations, which 
push drugs through the regulatory process if they are to treat a 
serious or potentially life-threatening disease. Glaxo Wellcome's 
shares closed lOp higher at 895 Jp. 

Sales up for life insurers 

Hopes by life companies that the sales slump may be coming 
to an end received a minor boost after figures from the Asso- 

Hntinn Ilf Rntich Inninmr pa! J 

tiation of British Insurers yesterday said premium income from 
life insurance grew marginally to £2.22bn in the third quarter 
of this year, from £219bn in the three months to June. How- 
ever, total premium income for pensions business dropped from 
£1.2bn to £962m over the same period. 

Boardroom battle: Conflict over who runs telecoms group unresolved as threat of hostile US takeover 

Bid looms * 
as turmoil 

- Sit- 



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at C&W 


Industrial Correspondent 

Cable Sc. Wireless was last nigh t 
bracing itself for an oppor- 
tunistic takeover bid from Craig 
McCaw, the US mobile phone 
billionaire, as .another day of 
boardroom turmoil failed to re- 
solve the dash between chair- 
man Lord Young of Giaffham 
and chief executive James Ross. 

Sources dose to the compa- 
ny said last night that two board 
meetings had failed to end the 
stalemate over who runs the 
company. Win Bischoff, the 
deputy chairman, met execu- 
tives yesterday morning, fol- 
lowed by an afternoon meeting 
of non-executives where both 
Lord Young and Mr Ross were 
questioned closely. 

A statement from C&W is ex- 
pected this morning. 

It is understood that Mr Mo 
Caw is currently holding dis- 
cussions with his bankers and 
has the. financial muscle to 
mount a£11.5bn hostile bid. 
CAW’S shares dosed up 3p to 
420p valuing the company at 
more than £9bn. . 

C&W was plunged into chaos 
at the weekend after it emerged 
that Mr JRossjhad delivered a 

Lord^foung is ouste^Por re- 
duced to alesaer role. 

According to oae senior ex- 
ecutive, ihecompany’s position 
is “unsustainable’’ and leaves 
C&W an obvious candidate for 
a bid. City analysts say that a 
successful suitor would have to 
pay at least £llbn. 

There has been speculation 
that Mr McCaw approached BT 

at one point to discuss a joint 
takeover of all or part of C&W, 

including the One 2 One mo- 
bile telephone operation join t- 
ly owned by C&W and US 
West. Mr McCaw founded Mc- 
Caw Cellular, a dynamic mobile 
communications company, in 
which BT took a large stake be- 
fore selling out to AT&T 

Analysts say that AT&T 
would also join any battle for 
control of the group. Another 
potential name in the frame is 
that of Nynex, the US telecom- 
munications group with which 
Mr Ross is already believed to 
be negotiating some form of co- 
operation. One problem for 
any predator is that many of 
CAW’S assets are in joint ven- 
ture. Another is that the group’s 
operations around the world are 
often licensed by national gov- 
ernments, who would have to 
approve transfer of control. 

More immediately, the key to 
who wins the battle between 
Lord Young and Mr Ross is the 

backing of the non-executive di- 
rectors, led by Mr Bischoff, 
chairman of Schraders. He and 
his colleagues were attempting 
last night to hammer out some 
solution following the meeting 
with the executive directors but 
excluding Mr Ross, 

. Lord Young was widely per- 
ceived as having the support of 
the non-executives following 
the announcement last Thurs- 
day that he would remain as ex- 
ecutive chair man until his 65th 
birthday in February 1997. But 
the ROSS camp is insistent ha has 

been successful in wooing Ul- 
rich Hartmann, a director of 
C&W's European partner, 
Yeba, which has a 10.48 per cent 
stake in the group. 

Institutional shareholders 
have become extremely angry at 
the public d&ritde. One said 
that both Lord Young and Mr 
Ross should go if credibility is 
to be restored but other City 
sources said that if one head 
rolls it should be Lord Young. 

Should Mr Ross relinquish his 
post; the succession is far from 
dear. There is a view that the- 
safest pair of hands would be 
those of Rod Olsen, the . fi- 
nance director, who has been 
with the group for a decade. 
Duncan Lewis, who in Sep- 
tember shocked the industry by 
resigning as chief executive of 
C&W’s Mercury Communica- 
tions arm, could also be in the 
running. One source dose to the 
company said Stephen Pettit, di- 
rector for Europe, could take 
the top slot. Although he joined 
the board as recently as Sep- 
tember, after coming to C&W 
in March 1994, he is said to be 
“on an extremely fast track”. 

One City analyst said: “In- 
stitutions want' to see a new 
chairman who has a record of 
serving shareholders well and 
who would go about it in a 
straightforward way, at C&W.” 
Another said that both the 
chairman , and chief, executive 
have angered shareholders 
through “empire-building at 
the expense of short-term 
shareholder returns". He 
added: “They have invested in 
disparate start-up operations all 
over the world. Shareholders 
should be entitled to expect 
some return on those invest- 
ments. But the management has 
made decisions which are in- 
appropriate and expensive ... ” 

Cable & Wireless has re- 
fused to comment, even going 
so far as to deny knowledge that 
yesterday's meetings were tak- 
ing place. One insider said: 
“Its exciting - there is this big 
boardroom battle and we do not 
know who will win." . 


Rod Olsen, an energetic New Zealander, is the dark horse 
In the Cable & Wireless soap opera. The finance director 
was thrust into the spotlight last Thursday by briefing: the 
press on the group's interim results - a significant depar- 
ture from the usual joint presentation by Lord Young and 
James Ross. According to one insider: “Rod has thrived so 
far through sitting on the fence, always going with the gram. 
But he certainly has ambitions to be more than finance di- 
rector.” Mr Olsen was appointed to the main board of Ca- 
Me & Wireless In 1986, almost 10 years after he first joined 
the group in Hong Kong- An accountant by training, his ca- 
reer before C&W involved stints at BP, Peat Marwick Mitchell 
(the forerunner to KPMG) and the electronics Industry. 

frlnranLewis, who resigned abruptly in September as 
executive of Merctsy Communications, is variously described ; -^ 
as “abrasive” and “a real showman - his own best puklp^. - 
cist". He was seen by many as the natural successor to Janie^f 2 
Ross until it became dear that dissatisfaction with Mr Rose 
was one of the reasons Mr Lems quit the top s lot at Mer-^ • 
cury after only nine months in the job. As yet without «-••£'* 
tentative employment, there is a view that Mr Lewis may : 
be watting by the telephone, and that he would be a good ■='-•••,.. 
man for the job of C&W’s chief executive. But the manner/* ~ 
of his departure - and the resulting spotlight on C&W’s be- ,» ’ 
leaguered board - has ruffled more than a few feathers at-.-. . 
the Theobald’s Road HQ. 

A mogul tuned in 
to all frequencies 


_New York 

In all the lore about Craig 
McCaw, the Seattle-based com- 
munications mogul and ex- 
classmate of Microsoft's Bill 
Gates, one comment passed 
about him by a close colleague 
stands out: “Craig never met a 
frequency be did uot like.” 
Fascination about Mr McCaw 

- and what he might do next - 
has only intensified since the 

The key players (clockwise from top left): Lord Young, the 
executive chairman; James Ross, chief executive; Win 
Bischoff, chairman of Schroders^and Ulrich Hartmann, a 
director of Cable and Wireless partners Veba of Germany 

has only intensified since the 
sale of his hugely successful 
cellular telephone company, 
McCaw Cellular Comm Lea- 
dens, to AT&T for a whopping 
$li.5bn (£7.5bn) last year. 

Mr McCaw, who is 46 and 
married with no children, is the 
son of John Elroy McCaw, a pi- 
oneer radio and television bar- 
roo, who died in 1969 leaving 
his family with considerable 
debt Craig, who is dyslexic, and 
his brothers, Bruce. John and 
Keith, performed a quick turn- 

Tumaround: Craig McCaw 
who is sitting on a fortune 

around, however, creating a 
cable television empire that 
they sold in 1987 for S755m. 

The McCaw fortune grew, 
however, from the distribution 
in the late Eighties of wireless 
telephone licences around the 
US Slates by the Federal Com- 
munes, tions Commission. 

Markets: Wall Street smashes 5,000 barrier but pound sinks to all-time low as recovery falters 

Shares in UK and US streak to records 




Economics Correspondent 

PIA proposes adverts by guilty 

The Personal Investment Authority, the financial watchdog, yes- 
terday issued proposals to force life companies and financial ad- 
visers found guilty of rule breaches to put adverts that say so in 
the national press. The PIA is also proposing to move towards 
regulating only the heads of its member firms, making them re- 
sponsible for their own staff. 

Asian central banks fight back 

Asia's central banks have taken the first steps in declaring war 
on currency speculators. At a meeting in Hong Kong yesterday 
the top central bank officials from Australia, China, Hong Kong, 
Indonesia. Japan. Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philip- 
pines and Thailand agreed to joint efforts to protect their cur- 
rencies from speculators by supplying each other with funds while 
their currencies are under siege. They also laid the basis for fur- 
ther co-opepe ration on monetary matters. 

Grey market for National Grid shares 

Shares in the National Grid Group, which is being demerged 
from the 12 regional electricity companies, uadedat between 
21 9-222p yesterday in unofficial grey market 'dealings. Although 
the grey market does not start officially until tomorrow, SBC 
YVhrburg made an unofficial grey market in the shares yester- 

Share prices in London scaled 
new heights yesterday, spurred 
on by a rise on Wall Street that 
sent the Dow Jones Industrial 
Average through 5,000 for the 
first time. But the pound caused 
consternation by sinking to yet 
another all-time low against a 
range of other currencies. 

Wall Street’s sfaaip move 
through the psychologically im- 
portant 5,000 barrier bolstered 
London to a record high, up al- 
most 20 points to 3,628.8. 

The weekend’s agreement 
between President Bill Clinton 
and Congress to finance the US 
government while budget dis- 
cussions continue, sending 
S 00, 000 Federal employees 
back to work today, was one rea- 
son for this advance. A suc- 
cessful auction of US Thsasuiy 
notes, no longer overshadowed 
by fears of an immin ent gover- 
nment default, boosted both the 
bond market and shares. 

Financial market expecta- 
tions of lower interest rates on 
both sides of the Atlantic with- 
in the next month or two also 
helped fiiel.thfe rise in share 
prices. After weaker-than-ex- 
pected figures yesterday added 
to the evidence that the British 
economy is slowing, the FT-SE 
100 index dosed up 20 points 
at 3629. 

The same evidence sent the 
pound to another record low, 
however. Its index against a 
range of other currencies dosed 
at 822. While it recovered a 

fraction from Friday’s record 
low against the mark, it broke 

its normal pattern of tracking 
the dollar's movements and 
fell against the US currency. 
The dollar rose against most Eu- 
ropean currencies, and by more 

against thej>ound than against 
other weak currencies. 

Both the eTqxxtation of a cut 
in base rates after next week’s 
Budget and growing political 
uncertainty are undermining 
sterling. Many analysts are ner- 
vous about the scale of tax cuts 
in next Tuesday’s Budget, fear- 
ing that political pressures will 
tempt the Chancellor to be too 
generous to the voters. 

Robin Marshall, chief econ- 
omist at Chase Manhattan in- 
vestment bank, said: “Foreign 
investors are starting to price m 
the political considerations. 
This will force sterling down to 
new lows.” Stephen Lewis of the 
London Bond Broking Com- 
pany said: “It would be most un- 
usual for the pound to rise in the 
year before an election." 

However, others thought the 

current exchange rate weakness 
could soon be reversed. “A 
stronger dollar and a well-re- 
ceived UK Budget could drive 
the pound back up above the 
DM 2.20 level," James Barty, 
UK economist at Deutsche 
Morgan Grenfell, said. 

The pound dosed at $1.5460, 
down from $1.5516. but recov- 
. ered from Friday’s DM21715 to 



Record consumer credit offsets slowdown 


The rale of economic expansion 
slowed to its lowest level for 
three years, as a further build- 
up of stocks aroused fears of 
further slackening m the months 
ahead But a record rise in con- 
sumer credit suggested that 
consumer expenditure could 
sustain the recovery. 

Malcolm Bruce, the Liberal 

marked in the non-ofl economy, 
which grew at just 0 J per cent. 
Together with revisions, which 

the annual growth rate 
)m 3.9 to 4.1 per rent. 

in 1994 from 3.9 to 4.1 per rent, 
the blest official statistics showed 
that the annual rale of growth 
ted fallen to 21 per cent, weD be- 
low the 275 per cent the Trea- 
suiy considers sustainable for the 
rest of the 1990s. 

The picture of a stalling re- 

Democrat Tteasmy spokesman, 
said.-“Britam fenowma growth 

James Cornish, an equity 
strategist at brokers Nat West 

n ■ «Tlf. Muifiir 

Securities, said: “We are seeing 
both a brighter interest rate out- 
look and a US effect." 

recession." Margaret Beckett, 
Shadow trade secretary, said that 
“the recovery has not been sus- 
tained because it has not been 
investment-led". The Treasury 
acknowledged the slowdown, 
but said the fundamentals re- 
mained in place for continuing 
healthy growth. 

The economy grew by just 0.4 
percent in the third quarter, the 
lowest quarterly rate since the 
fourth quarter of 1992 The 
slowdown was even more 

% dense quarteronqaarter 

01 03 m 03 Q1 03 Q1 03 
1992 93 94 '95 

covery came as official. statisti- 
cians revised down their initial 
estimates of quarterly growth in 
services sector output from 0.7 
to 0.6 per cent and pencilled in 
a bigg er-than -expected decline 
in construction output of 1.4 per 
cent, taking the annual fall to 3.1 
per cent. Manufacturing output 
grew by just 02 percent. 

The single most surprising 
feature of the quarterly snap- 
shot of the economy was that 
stock-building rose by almost 
£5 00m on the already high In- 
ventory increase of £945m in the 
second quarter. Without this 
further build-up in stocks, the 
economy would have ground to 
a halt in the third quarter. 

Simon Briscoe, UK economist 
at Nikko Europe, warned: “It 
doesn’t look as if the anticipat- 
ed stock correction has taken 
place, so it looks as if the next 
months are likely to see further 
weakening as the excess stocks 
arc run down." 

The main factor depressing 

the economy in the third quar- 
ter was a 2J! per cent fell in fixed 
investment Together with a fur- 
ther small deterioration in net 
exports, this reduced growth 
by half a percent compared with 
the second quarter. However, 
these depressive forces were 
almost exactly counter-balanced 
by a 0.7 per cent rise in con- 
sumer spending. 

New figures released by In- 
come Data Services showed 
that four-fifths of autumn pay 
settlements were between 3 and 
4 per cent, barely keeping pace 
with inflation. Against this back- 
ground, a record increase in cxxi- 
sumer credit suggested that 
consumers are borrowing to fi- 
nance that expenditure. Ac- 
cording to the hanks, consumer 
credit rose by £505m, more 
than double the September in- 
crease. A Spokesman for the 
British Bankers’ Association 
said there was no evidence that 
las month’s^ unusual increase . 
was due to distress borrowing. 

Robin Field, the chief executive 
brought in five yeans ago to turn 
round Filofax, was rewarded 
yesterday with a paper profit of ; 
£ 1.06m after exercising share 
options. He and two other di- 
rectors sold shares totalling.. 
£2-58m as the company, fa- 
mous for its persona] organic- . 
era, announced a 37 per cent rise " 
in half-way profits. 

Mr Field’s options "were 

in IfYYl _ ^ 

granted in 1992 at an average 
price of 37p. He immediately 
sold around 175,000 shares at 
268.5p to realise a profit of 
£405,000, but has retained 
enough shares to increase his 
stake in the company from 24 
per cent to 3.4 per cenL 
_His fellow executive director. ' 
Richard Eteson, made a! tfaeo- ■ 
reticaJ profit of close' to 
£326,000 from the exercise of 
options granted at ah average- 

price of 41p in 1990 and 
His sale of 34,000 shares yes- 
]®L d “y netted a profit of/ 
if/,000. The two were joined by 
Richard Koch, a non -execu- 
tive director, who sold 750.000 : 
shares worth a total of £201 m. 

Mr Field is credited with ' 
hinting round PtlofaxafteF over- 
expanaon in the Late 1980s. Yesr 

tdvvlnif m 


‘ j MU. 

terday- the group reported 
pre-tax profits of ;:£2.9lin 
(£2. 12m) for the six months to 
September. The interim 

September. The interim tirvi- 
dend rises to 1.05p (J J5p). « , 
Investment column, page 22 


t fne 

lid dispute* 



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Rocks ahead of mutineers on board C&W 

The two of them can 
not carry on living 
under the same roof. 

The way things are 
going, the argument 
about who gets the 
house may be settled 
for them with an 
outright takeover bid.* 

T>oardroom rows a I ways make a good su>- 
particularly when they involve an al- 
executives io oust a peer 
or the realm. Unfortunately for Cable & Wire- 
ess. the present Borgia-like goings on at the 
i l0 P 5* ^ 100 Rkely to end in loss of inde- 
pcndcncc. Craig McCaw, the US mobile 
pnones billionaire, isjusl itching to gel back 
in the game and probably has the financial 
backing to do it. With a host of others also 
rumung their slide rules over the company, 
including the giant AT&T, what better lime 
than now to pounce, with the master and first 
mate openly fighting on the deck and the ves- 
sel drifting rapidly towards the rocks? 

At this stage, it is hard to know who to 
blame for this tragi-comic state of affaire 
-Lard Young, the chairman, James Ross, his 
chief executive, or the company itself, whose 
position as a medium sized telecoms player 
in a world full of giants was always bound 
to make strategy difficult io agree on. 

As ultimate boss, the finger must point to 
Lord Young. A political and entrepreneur- 
ial wizz of undoubted marketing skill. Lord 
Young was a virgin at the business of a large 
multinational corporation before alighting on 
C & W as his escape route from politics. 

Like all entrepreneurial typos, he finds it 
hard to work with a number two. Even while 
in government he was notorious for it. Ai 
C&W Lord Young has turned that old 
adage of there only being room for one boss 
into a mantra, dispensing with one chief after 

On the face of it, James Ross's position 
Is equally difficult to defend. Refusing to 
become one of Lord Young’s " disappeared," 
quietly abandoning ship in a few months 
lime with his life-raft full of compensation, 
he has chosen to fight back through the 
press. Both executives and non-executives 

have been astonished by it, some 10 the point 
of outright disapproval, fur whatever the 
wrongs and rights of Mr Ross's position, 
washing your dirty linen like this in public 
cannot help C&W as a company. 

We do not yet know quite how damaging 
Lord Young's little “entrepreneurial" jollies 
in the Balkans. Kazakhstan, Israel and else- 
where have been. According lo the Ross camp 
some of them are financially disastrous. 
Whether Mr Ross’s own strategy of concen- 
trating resources on the group's “hub" areas 
of the Far East, Europe and America will 
prove any more successful is anyone’s guess. 

One thing is certain. The two or them can- 
not carry on living together under one roof. 
The way things are going, the argument 
about who gets the house may be settled for 
them with an outright takeover bid. That per- 
haps is the best shareholders can hope for. 

Mortgage picture is 
not that bleak 

T here have been numerous false starts as | 
the housing market has stuttered into life 
and conked out again within months. Yes- i 

terday's mortgage figures have prompted 
more gloom, but the picture is not nearly as 
bleak as the headline lending figure from the 
building societies paints it. This is a market 
ready to recover, rather than one struggling 
to avoid another slump, and Budget tax cuts 
look like being the kick start it needs. 

The low lending figure itself is uncon- 
vincing and could prove to have been an 
erratic number. New loan commitments by 
the building societies after adjustment for 
normal seasonal variations have risen by 
around 4 per cent in the past three months, 
according to estimates by HSBC Markets, 
the City brokers. The big banks yesterday 
said their mortgage lending in October was 
close to the recent monthly average. Price 
indicators also point to a stabilising market. 

Bui it is the bigger picture of taxation, 
interest rates and the election timetable that 
has really changed compared with a year 
ago. There will be at least two stimuli by next 
spring. One is tax cuts, the other a drop in 
mortgage rales. This is the exact reverse of 
the outlook a year ago. 

Base rates had then just begun to rise, and 
the Budget hist year taxed fuel bills and 
brought in the second stage of income tax 
increases, including a scaling back of the tax 
relief for mortgage interest payments, which 
together made for a calamitous first half of 
1995 in the housing market. 

Of course, disillusioned homeowners with 
negative equity may lake some convincing 
that a real change is under way. One damper 

thai remains on the market is the level of 
mortgage debt relative to income, which 
remains not far below its all-time high. Gear- 
ing at such levels could slow any increase in 
house prices, perhaps to about the same as 
the increase in persona! incomes. HSBC 
Markets, which is at the optimistic end of the 
City spectrum, forecasts a rise in prices of 
6 per cent or so in the next six months. 

The other problem is the all-important 
question of psychology. The calculus about 
whether it is "cheaper to buy or rent still 
works out firmly in favour of buying, but first 
time buyers have not yeL got over the shock 
that house prices go down as well as up. 

There is a school of thought that says this 
experience will be imprinted indelibly on the 
minds of a generation and that house prices 
are set for a long decline in real terms, as hap- 
pened in the 1950*. But it bears repeating 
that house purchase is more affordable than 
at any point in the past twenty five years. In 
any market - and housing has never been dif- 
ferent - the turn invariably comes when most 
players have convinced themselves that the 
trend of the recent past will continue for ever. 
That, after all. is what fooled so many peo- 
ple into buying at the top in 19S9. 

A Dutch auction of 
taxes and spending 

I n his Mansion House speech, John Ma- 
jor reiterated the Conservative goal of get- 

ting public spending below 40 per cent of na- 
tional income. Meanwhile. Gordon Brown 
set out New Labours stall as the lowtax par- 
ty. This Dutch auction of speeding and tax- 
ation pledges is a depressing spectacle. 

The best John Major can venture as a new 
way of cutting public spending is to invoke 
the Private Finance Initiative. But rest 
assured, Kenneth Clarke will still announce 
In bis Budget next week that public spend- 
ing is to fall before long below 40 per cent. 
Yet if the lories have found it so difficult and 
so traumatic to cut spending in real terms, 
how much more so will it be for a Labour 
government. The party’s commitment to 
soda! justice will see to that, whatever Gor- 
don Brown may say about his iron belief in 
fiscal prudence". 

The Shadow Chancellor proclaims his 
objective of reducing the starting rale of 
income tax lo below the Tories’ 20 per cent 
lower band. Even cutting it to 15 per cent 
would cost £4bn. We arc not told where the 
money is going to come from - other than 
Labour’s claim that it will manage the econ- 
omy belter 

We urgently need an honest debate 
about spending and taxation priorities. 
What we do not require is unrealistic 
objectives and unfunded pledges. Yet on 
the basis of today's dismal contributions 
from the two parties, that is what they 
intend serving us both in the Budget debate 
and in the election campaign which has 
already begun. 

Aid dispute: Rift widens between DTI and the EU 

Brussels team to 
investigate aid 
for Jaguar plant 


Hopes that Brussels would rub- 
ber-stamp the Government’s 
£80m aid package to Jaguar 
were dealt another blow after 
the European Commission said 
it wanted to talk to the car com- 
pany’s suppliers. 

Investigators from the Com- 
mission’s fair trade office are 
due in the West Midlands over 
the next week in a move likely 
to widen the rift between the 
Government and Brussels. 

Relations between London 
and Brussels have been tense af- 
ter EU, officials complained 
that the UKfcad dragged its feet 
over requests for information 
about the grants package. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry had iodicated it 
considered the Commission’s 
approval a formality and it is 
thought the DTI was irritated 
by Brussels’ interference. 

Ford, Jaguar's parent, nego- 
tiated the aid as (he UK's con- 
tribution towards the luxury 
carmaker's new £400m manu- 
facturing plant in Birmingham, 
which will build a new small car. 

The US car giant, which has 
just offered UK workers an in- 

flation-busting pay rise, threat- 
ened to produce the model in 

America unless it got the mon- 
ey. Jaguar has said since it 
would not accept anything less 
than the full £80 m. Brussels has 
accepted the award of £48m in 
regional selective assistance, 
but is concerned about the re- 
mainder of the package, from 
local authorities and agencies. 

The Commission team is ex- 
pected to meet executives from 
the company, but will also talk 
lo suppliers it believes may be 
benefiting from local govern- 
ment grants. 

One person involved in the 
negotiations said it was rare for 
Brussels to take such detailed 
interest in a relatively small sum. 
“Maybe it has something to do 
with politics as well as EC com- 
petition rule,” he said. Such 
thorough investigations by the 
Commission are normally for 
bigger stale aid issues. 

But a Commission official de- 
fended the move. “We are re- 
quired to do this if we think 
there is a problem with the aid. 
This is us doing our job prop- 
erly." He denied that Britain 
was being singled out for spe- 
cial investigation. 

The visit also suggests a final 
decision is some way away, 
though both sides say it may be 
possible to settle the issue be- 
fore Christinas. 

Last month a DTI official vis- 
ited Brussels in an attempt lo 
settle a simmering row over 
claims that the department had 
been slow to provide informa- 
tion requested by the Compe- 
tition Commissioner, Karel van 

Normally, tacit approval for 
such aid would be sought from 
Brussels before it was an- 
nounced. In July, when Ian 
Lang, the TFade and Industry 
Secretary, announced that Ford 
was to build the new X200 
sports saloon in Britain, the DTI 
said it did not expect any com- 
petition problems with the aid. 

One critic of the DTl’s han- 
dling of the affair told the In- 
dependent that the DTI had not 
fully thought through the terms 
of the aid, and was having dif- I 
Acuity answering the Coramis- j 
sion’s questions. 

The award of the money 
have proved an embarrassment 
for the Government, and is 
likely to open the floodgates to 
other demands for money. 


In the picture: Rexam’s chief executive, David Lyon, with a giant photograph of 
actress Cindy Crawford produced using a Rexam process Photograph: Peter Macdiarmid 

DBS thrives on independent advice 

DBS Management, the Huddersfield-based financial services 
group, yesterday announced a 26 per cent increase in first half 
pre-tax profits of £1.5m. The profits rise, which also reflected a 
26 per cent increase in turnover to £33.8m, came after charging 
costs of almost £260,000 as part of the company’s move on to the 
Alternative Investment Market in July. DBS's turnover follows 
the company’s positioning in the past year as the largest network 
of independent financial advisers in the UK. 

Since September 1994, the company's number of advisera has 
grown from 1,700 to more than 2,100, boosted by its ability to 
offer effective and cheap administration and compliance for mem- 
bers in the wake of tougher financial rules for advisers. 

Monitoring problems knock Graseby 

Analysts cut their forecasts for the electronic instruments group 
Graseby by about £4m lo between £6.2m and £b-5m, after prob- 
lems in the group's product monitoring division, normally one 
of its more reliable operations. The shares fell 13 per cent to 125p. 

Ferry Pickering in talks 

Shares in the printing and packaging group Ferry Pickering shot 
up 37p lo 17Ip, a 28 per cent rise, after the group confirmed it 
was in talks which might lead to an offer being made. Ferry said 
in September it had received and rejected a tentative bid approach. 
At its current share price the company is valued at £23m. 

0 - am . 0 . ni IU UUUI.UI 3II(UC piJLt lilt LULUpOUJt 19 VflJU' 

Rexam warning shocks the City Diploma looks for acquisitions 


Rexam, the £2bn packaging and 
printing group formerly known 
as Bowater, shocked the stock 
market by issuing its second 
profits warning in just over 
three months yesterday. 

The shares plunged 37p to 335p 
as the company said profits are 
likely to be 20 per cent below last 
year’s level, suggesting a figure 
of about £185m. after a fall in 
the sales margin to S per cent. 
In August it warned the market 
lo expect flat profits for 1995. 

David Lyou, chief executive, 
said destocking by customers 
had gone on “perhaps longer 

than we expected" after a dra- 
matic fall in raw materials 
prices. Polypropylene had fall- 
en back to levels seen last year, 
after rising 100 per cent in the 
12 months to June, Mr Lyon 
said. People were destocking be- 
low normal levels and the prob- 
lem was being compounded by 
lower economic growth. 

Rexam expects the combi- 
nation lo knock £25 m off prof- 
its this year, with a further £7m 
or so from stock losses. 

Destocking has been most 
pronounced in the coated prod- 
ucts division, which operates 
mostly in the subdued US mar- 
kets. The company’s two spe- 

cialty paper mills have also suf- 
fered from high paper pulp 
prices and low demand. 

Mr Lyon said it was unlikely 
the “storms and squalls” of this 
year would be as bad in 1996. 
With raw materials accounting 
for 40 per cent of total costs, 
that would make it easier to 
manage the business. 

Rexam said it remained com- 
mitted to both capital and rev- 
enue expenditures both this 
year and projected for next. 
However, one analyst said the 
market's attention was now 
likely to shift to concerns over 
the group's balance sheet. 

Investment Column, page 22 

Diploma, the electronics distributor, said yesterday it was look- 
ing for acquisitions in ail three divisions with expansion of its elec- 
tronics activities a priority. In the year to September, profits rose 
9 per cent to £26.9rn after a 13 per cent rise in sales to £216m. 


Turnover E Pre-tax E EPS DhMnd 

D. 31 ml 02 dI-1.< 

216m (I92m) 27. Ami 

(F)-Ftal (D-httrim (N) - Mne months 

Four big names 
battle it out 
for Gartmore 

Simon Pin com be CITY DIABT§! 

Much grousing in Yorkshire 


Financial Editor 

The race for Gartmore, the UK 
fund manager, has entered the 
closing stage. The Prudential is 
the main British contender in a 
field that has narrowed to about 
four from the large number of 
interested parties at the outset. 

Aegon, the Dutch insurer, 
Berliner Bank, a cash-rich, 
state-owned German bank, and 
BAT the tobacco and financial 
services conglomerate, are the 
other front-runners. But BAT 
is believed to be in talks also 
with the Bristol & West Build- 
ing Society. 

Banque Indozuez, the French 
bank, put its 75 per cent stake 
in Gartmore up for sale in Sep- 
tember. The remaining 25 per 
cent is in public hands. Gart- 
more is valued at £600m. Na- 
tions bank the fourth largest 
bank in the US, which has a 
joint venture agreement with 
Gartmore, is still consid ering 
whether it should make a firm 
approach. Under the joint ven- 
ture terms, it has options on up 
to 25 per cent of the fund man- 
ager's share capital. . 

Nationsbank, which is ad- 
vised by Flemings, had earlier 
been talking to several poten- 
tial partners for a bid, as a 
means of getting around the US 
accounting rule that requires a 

• speertywnting-off of the good- 
will in the purchase price. _ f 

The Prudential, Britain s 
largest life insurer, which is 
being advised tty BZW. is un- 
derstood to be interested m 
Gartmore to bolster its own in- 

. vestment management opera- 
tions. Garunore, which has 

some £24bn under manage- 
ment, has grown rapidly in re- 
cent years, and is widely seen lo 
be a successful operation in the 
highly competitive sector. 

Aegon, vrinch is being advised 
by Morgan Stanley, is one of the 
top 20 listed insurers world- 
wide, and is already active in the 
UK via its controlling interest 
in Scottish Equitable, the life 
company. With a market capi- 
talisation of £6.8bn, Aegon, the 
bulk of whose business is pen- 
sions and life-oriented, is not far 
behind the Pru in size, and is 
looking to expand its presence 
in the UK market. Scottish Eq- 
uitable, measured by volumes of 
new business, is the largest 
provider of pension products in 
Britain, through Independent 
Financial Advisers. 

Aegon and Scottish Equi- 
table are believed to see an ac- 
quisition of Gartmore as a 
means of reinforcing invest- 
ment expertise, and making 
the life and pension products 
more attractive. 

Berliner Bank, which is said 
to be advised by Schroders, is ; 
the sixth largest German bank ; 

in asset terms. Foiged by the re- 
cent merger of the state Ian- 
desbank, a retail and a mortgage 
bank, it has a large proportion 
of retained capital, which it is 
now looking to invest in inter- 
ational expansion. It has bought 
new City offices which it wants 
to become the centre of its in- 
vestment banking operations. 
Gartmore would give the bank 
much-needed investment maD- 

S ;nt and equity expertise, 
it wants to develop with 
the prospect of pension funds 
evolving in Germany. 

Raised eyebrows in the 
shooting fraternity following 
an enigmatic message in the 
Mahon Gazette and Herald. 
An advertisement in the 
outdoor pursuits comer of 
the classified section reads: 
“Gamekeeper appealing for 
unwanted sweaters, needed 
for very cold grouse. Tfele- 
phone F Croft.” 

Can this be Frank Croft, 
gamekeeper to Sir Lawrie 
Barrett and the man who 
runs the house builder's fa- 
mous Farndale shoot in 
north Yorkshire? Apparently 
it is, although what the mes- 
sage means is not clear. 

The belting is that the ad 
is a spoof, placed by a rival 
gamekeeper to poke fun at 
the Barratt birds. The Fhm- 
dale shoot enjoys a hand- 
some reputation and has 
consistently topped the local 
shooting tables. Our beater 
on the 4,500-acre Farndale 
estate says the ad was placed 
by a blonde woman who paid 
cash, no questions asked. 

Internecine warfare be- 
tween the local landed gen- 
try must now be on the 
cards. For the record, Sir 
Lawrie is a keen shot 

This month's award for the 
most timely piece of research 
goes to Hoare Govett for its 
“buy” note on Cable & 
Wireless. Barely had it hit 
the streets when the full hor- 
ror of the tempestuous work- 
ing relationship between 
Lord Young, the C&W 
chairman, and James Ross, 
the chief executive, became 
glaringly apparenL 

“The next talking point 
will be an upcoming presen- 
tation on the groups cellular 
operations,” notes the bro- 

ker. No sooner said and the 
C&W board goes into crisis 
meeting to see which execu- 
tive it can safely jettison. 

Oddly enough the name 
on the bottom of the Hoare 
Govett note is James Ross. 

No, surely not? The impli- 
cations are "appalling. 

A glance at the most recent 
edition of The Estimates Di- 
rectory reveals BZW to be 
out of synch with other bro- 
kers over the prospects of 
Albright & Wilson. You will 
recall that the chemicals 
company failed Lo protect its 
stranglehold on the formula 
for liquid laundry detergents 
when the courts gave SB 
Chemicals, an Insh upstart, 
permission to produce 
10,000 tonnes of the muck. 

Four brokers all down- 
I graded forecasts to around 
£55m. Not so BZW, the com- 
pany’s broker, which has in- 
creased its forecast to £75m. 
according to the directory. 

“Good God, no,” guffaws 
a BZW man. “Don’t believe 
all that you read in The Esti- 
mates Directory .” So has 
BZW also downgraded Al- 
bright? “Ahem ... we ... er 
really would rather not com- 

A change in same has done 
nothing Rexam, the packag- 
ing group, which yesterday 
issued its second profils 
warning since ceasing to be 
Bowater (there is a school of 
thought that this is defeating 
the object of the exercise). 
Perhaps sensing a rough ride, 
David Lyon, chief executive, 
and Michael Hartn al), fi- 
nance director, conspired to 
be a long way from their 
desks. In Australia, in fact 

77= — TTTIl s. . ■ 


For the birds: Warfare looms among the landed gentry 

The England rugby imw may be in need of some refurbish- 
ment following its drubbing at the hands of Sooth Africa on 
Saturday bat the same cannot be said for tbe corporate hos- 
pitality boxes that now grace the new Twi ck e n ha m stadium. 
The National Westminster Bank function was particularly 
agreeable, drawing comparisons with the Barclays do at 
Wembley for the Rolling Stones concert. The only alarming 
moments came when the South African VIPs began chanting 
a crescendo of “Bok Bok Bok” as their team applied pres- 
sure. And when they relieved the English VIPs of their money. 

media < 



M the latest news for 
media, marketing and sales 
professionals with two pages of 
new positions on offer 

Every Tuesday in the 


section two 




Edited in- Tom St 

K v i: N S O N 

Good news from Emap fails to cheer 

Trading record 

I V 1993 Nmi:- , 

There was a storming set of interim 
figures from Emap, the ma g az i nes to 
radio group, so the market's unwill- 
ingness to reward an unexpectedly 
large profits increase with a share 
price rise was telling. The failure of 
shares to respond to good news is one 
of the signs of the end of a bull run, 
so shareholders should lake note of 
yesterday's unchanged dose at 553p. 

First, the good news, though. Un- 
derlying half-time profits up 70 per 
cent served to confirm the benefits of 
Emap 5 continuing focus on special- 
ist niche publishing the timing of its 
diversifications into France ana com- 
mercial radio, and (he skill of its han- 
dling of spi ralling newsprint costs. 

Spec ialis t magazines such as Mo- 
tor Cycle News, .Angling Times and 
Empire are actually among the last 
expenditures to go when consumers 
are cutting back. Even in bad times, 
circulations stay high, cover prices can 
be increased and advertising yields 

pushed higher. In the good limes, 
profits and cash flood in, so the di- 
vision’s higher operating margins 
were no surprise. 

Moving into radio. wiLh last year's 

TfansWorld acquisition and the 
more recent Metro Radio buy, could 
not have been better timed: just as 
the industry was increasing its share 
of the overall advertising cake. 
While ad revenue growth has slowed 
in the past six months it is still way 
ahead of Eraap’s other divisions and 
rates were pushed a useful 16 per 
cent higher. 

Elsewhere, good management 
helped create an 8 per cent margin 
in France, compared with nothing at 
all a year ago, and wiped out the neg- 
ative impact of a 30 per cent increase 
in paper costs for the newspaper di- 
vision. Overall costs in regional pa- 
pers were held steady, which meant 
a 3 per cent rise in revenues was 
translated into a 22 per cent rise in 
operating profits. 

Share prices, however, look into 
Lhe future and, although analysts 
were yesterday nudging their fore- 
casts slightly higher to about £82m 

for the full year, investors are more 
likely to focus on the company’s 
downbeat comments about the slow- 
ing rate of growth in advertising rev- 
enues across its activities. 

Having risen more than threefold 
over the past five years, the shares 
trade on a prospective price/earaings 
ratio of 20 to next April and a still 
heady rating in the high teens in the 
year to 1997. Even for a ship this 
tight, the advertising cycle wal de- 
termine the share price and that is 
high enough. 

Filofax rise 
could falter 

Filofax has made plenty of money for 
those who backed new manage- 
ment to pull the personal organiser 
maker out of the mire. Bom 13p in 
1990, the shares now stand at 269p, 
down 6p yesterday. 

But the rise in the shares has 
slowed in the last two years and at 
some stage it is inevitable that doubts 
will start to creep in about the abil- 
ity of the chkfexeor^ Robin Field, 
and his team to maintain the fault- 
less momentum built up through the 
recovery phase. Yesterday’s half- 

way figures certainly showed no let- 
up in the recent heady expansion. 
Pre-tax profits shot ahead 37 per cent 
to £2.91m in the six months to Sep- 
tember, with management demon- 
strating its own confidence in the 
future with a 29 per cent rise in the 
interim dividena to L35p. 

The UK market, the most mature 
for the original FHo£ax organiser, is 
still clocking up growth of between 
10 and 15 per cent But having 
picked np its nearest rival, Tbpps of 
England, in a £6.6m deal earlier this 
year, the group now controls a 
commanding 85 per cent of its do- 
mestic market, limiting future mar- 
ket share gains. 

That puts the onus on the rest of 
the world and diversifications into 
greetings cards, pens and office 
notepads. Filofax itself still has 
plenty to go for on the Continent, 
with the four subsidiaries there re- 
porting growth in excess of SO per 
cent in the half year and spending 
on organisers in France and Ger- 
many way below that in the UK 

The test for management will be 
handling that level of growth in the 

core operation, while also juggling 
with developing businesses. A full- 
year result of £6.8m would put the 
shares on a forward p/e of 17. Hold- 
ers should perhaps follow the ex- 
ample of some, of the management 
yesterday and take some profits. 

Heed warning 
from Rexam 

'fivo profits warnings later, Rexam, 
Britain's biggest packaging group, 
has underperformed the rest of the 
stock market tty nearly 36 per cent 
since it reported in May that trad- 
ing conditions continued “by and 
large” to be helpful. 

To be fair, the difficulties that 
prompted yesterday’s warning of 
profits one-fifth below the 1994 
figure of £23 Lm have been experi- 
enced across the market. And Rex- 
am was not alone in thinkin g the 
destocking that followed the level- 
ling-off in raw material prices ear- 
lier this year was a temporary 

OnMends per sftare(pence) j 

- rr 

SS5j Bd f : :: 

Qf. • -OZ . 
' 1995/96'. 

phenomenon. It wasn't, and the 
weak demand that prompted Rex- 
am to announce in August that it ex- 
pected flat profits this year has 
continued into the fourth quarter. 

On top of an expected £25m hit 
to profits, falling plastic resin prices 
and the threat of lower paper prices 
is likely to lead to some write- 

' 91 .92 

downs of stock values at the year- 
end Profits of £185m this year 
would put the shares, down 37p at . 
335p, on a prospective multiple Of 
15. But the real question es how Rex- 
am fares in 1996. Even if profits 
bounce back to £200m next year; the *- 

shares will still be on a price/eam- 
jn gq ratio of 13. Avoid for now.j-/ - 

A '■ * 

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US balances 
while British 
deficit burns 





S ure, Labour can bring in a 
new lOp in the pound tax 
band, but what will it do about 
the deficit? 

It is always difficult for the 
markets to hit it right on day- 
one, for second thoughts are 
usually better than knee-jerk re- 
actions. Nevertheless, the pos- 
itive response to the US budget 
deal shouts that this is pretty 
near the top end of the range 
of expectations. It charted a 
dearer path to the balanced 
budget than had been expect- 
ed, and more important, one 
that might actually be followed 
If that is right, and it will be 
a year or two before we know 
for sure, the US has estab- 
lished a new global standard 
Governments around the world 
will have to show some credi- 
ble path towards a balanced 
budget if they wish to borrow on 
half-reasonable terms. The US 
government already borrows 
at lower real interest rates than 
any other large industrial coun- 
try, with the possible exception 
of Japan. Stir in a dash of fis- 
cal responsibility and this begins 
to become a significant com- 
parative advantage, not so 
much for the government itself 
and for its taxpayers, but for the 
business community as a whole. 

The lower the real interest 
rate at which the state can bor- 
row, the lower 

the real interest 

rates at which I OX at 

companies can _ 

borrow. Sure, the DOl 
jpanl muitina- . A 

lionals will sim- Side si 

ply raise funds . 

in which- ever nlp'p’P'r 1 
market will do && C1 * 
the best deal Qft thl 

and in which- 
ever currency 

suits, so this will confer little 
comparative advantage to large 
US-bascd corporations. But 
further down the scale, com- 
panies that do not have access 
to international markets, cheap 
money will matter. Just wait. 

Here in Britain we arc in the 
final glide-path to the Budget. 
There have been the usual 
clutch of stories about the size 
of the net lax “give-away " to ex- 
pect in a week's lime, with the 
original £2bn figure creeping up 
towards the £4bn mark, 
notwithstanding the undershoot 
on the revenue side. 

In the last couple of days the 
evidence of slowcr-than- 
thought growth m the second 
quarter, and a betler-than-ex- 
pectcd retail price perfor- 
mance has led to the idea that 
it will somehow be easier for 
the Chancellor to justify larg- 
er lax cuts. Note that there has 
hardly been any comment 
about the impact on the deficit, 
except in the general terms of 
a rise being acceptable to the 

As for the Government’s of- 
ficia Imposition on borrowing, it 
remains the general one that the 
objective is to balance the bud- 
get over the medium-term eco- 
nomic cycle. But no one 
seriously believes thaL were 
the Tories to be re-elected the 
budget would be balanced (ie 
surpluses would match deficits) 
over the next five or 10 years. 
The stated policy is therefore 

Meanwhile, from Labour 
there is this new (and in its own 
terms perfectly sensible) plan to 

Tax at lOp in 
the pound is a 
sideshow. A 
bigger battle is 
on the way 

soften the entry into the income 
tax threshold by bringing in tbe 
new 10 per cent starting rate. 
But there is nothing about the 
much more important issue of ~ 
the proposed fiscal stance. 
Would a Labour government 
seek some limit on its power to 
borrow? Does it have any view 
about the morality of borrow- • < 
ing, given that a deficit is de- 
ferred taxation? 

In other words, the discussion - 
we are seeing in Britain, in the 
run-up to our Budget, is on a 

a uite different plane to that m ~ 
le US, where the common 
ground has been the need for : 
fiscal restraint, and the main dis- 
cussion about alternative paths 
to virtue. I suspect that in an- 
other five years the sort of de- 
bate we are having here win 
seem as antique as the British^ 
budget debates of the.l950s and 
1960s. when there was endless 
argy-bargy about “the fiscal. , 
judgement": how much “de- 
mand” the Chancellor ought to 
“inject" into the economy. 

So what happens next? I 
don't think anything will happen 
ahead of the election. We will 
have this Budget, and it will be 
discussed by most people in the 
usual shrill, politicised way. We 
may or may not have another 
Tory Budget, for it is not clear', 
that the present Government 

will make it to 

. November next 

lUp in year. But after 

. the election I 

ind IS E fh ink the tone 

A of the debate 

.OW. A will alter, for 

. two reasons. 

)attle IS Firstly, with- 
in the Euro- 
i WRY pean Union we 

** will be getting- 

dose enough to 
the official start date for Euro- 
pean Monetary Union that the 
Maastricht conditions. wilJ be. 
dragging deficits below the 3 per 
cent of GDP leveL Individual \ 
cou nines may or may not make 
it, but everyone will be talking . . 
about fiscal deficits in a new and . 
more aggressive way. 

Second, and more impor- ; .' 
knit, the new world standard will-, 
start to assert itself Markets will 
want to see some progress .fo-.: 1 - 
wards the balanced budget, 
even if that progress is pretty UK 
ken, just as they want to see 
some progress towards an ah’-, 
dependent central bank. 

Together these forces will ex- 
ert a pincer movement on. /• 
deficits: politics (at least within 
the EU) and markets wiD be ... 
converging on the same point- 
Rcsu It: a sea change in the way - - 
public-sector deficits are 

Expect British politicians ,u> 
catch i up, wi th voices from both 
political parties pressing for 
deficit reduction, on- the 
grounds of equity as much asef- • 
fluency. What is difficult to see 
at lhe moment is whether the 
voices will be stronger from the . 
left or the right. That may de? ."_. 
pend on the result of the elec-, 
tion, for it is self-evidently - 
easier for the out-of-office lot j 
to call for a balanced budge t ’ 
titan for the ones in power tode* 
liver it. .. • 

Bui that is all to play for- 
Meanwhile, reflect on the nar- - 
rowness of the current debate-.:- . 
A starting rate of income tax at 
10p in the pound is a sideshow- . 
A bigger battle is on the way: 


5 * - 

*dLDL\f ( \!.“, 

.'r '. J -' 

Mi \ _ 

« •>, 'ey. »£; 

ffl -U yv. * 




data bank 

r :fTSE 100 

y /3;628; 8 4: 19,6 


H 3,966.8 + 2.3 

xffSE350 ■ 

; ; l;8oi8 + 7.9 
v.657m.shares ( 

- v. ^ 34,857 bargains 
. GHts Index 
;• >94.58 - 0.15 

37 H BT- 

market report/shares 

BT misses out on the party as competition fears rise — iw 


As shares stretched iovlM an- 
other peak one of the Gov- 
ernment s biggest privatisation 
adventures slumped to its low- 
est for three years. 

. Two months ago BTwtis rid- 
ing at a 4I4p peak. Since then 
the stock market has become 
increasingly alarmed about the 
growing array of competition 
riwt seems to threaten the 
group, and its seemingly un- 
happy relationship with the in- 
dustry regulator. 

The suspicion that job cuts 
and other cost savings, plus the 
controversial link wiih Tony 
Blair, represent BTs insignif- 
icant answer to its problems are 
worrying the market. 

So BT is. in investment 
terms, dialling the wrong num- 
bers. The shares fell a farther 
5p to 356p in busy iradingwilh 
turnover printed at 26.4 mil- 
lion, indicating small investors, 
for so long fans of BT. are los- 
ing patience with Sir Iain Val- 
lance, the telecommunications 

group's smooth-talking chair- 

BTs discomfort occurred 
on a day when even British 
Gas, recently bumping along at 
its year’s low. managed to 
make modest headway, gain- 
ing UJp to 238p. 

But although British was 
not the markers favourite pre- 
fix - even British Airways lost 
height - the conGdcnt mood, 
so evident last week, kept 
shares on a roll with the FT-SE 
100 index closing 19.6 points 
higher at 3,628.8. 

The market, despite cautious 
signals, remains convinced an 
interest rate cut is near and the 
economic background is look- 
ing increasingly favourable for 
the sort of teasing Budget the 
Tories so desperately need. 

Weekend stories that 
Granada was about to de- 
scend on a hotel group had the 
expected impact with Lad- 
broke, owner of the Hilton 
chain, overcoming its gam- 



Stock market reporter 
of the year 

bling setbacks and scoring a 
5 Jp gain to 132.5p and Forte 
moving ahead 9p to 271p. 

Granada, results tomorrow, 
added 20p to 700p with talk of 
a 30 per cent profits gain to 

Such is the excitable state of 
the market that there is even 
talk Granada could bid for 
Pearson, up 7p at 655 p. Al- 
though the Corona (ion Street 
group is believed to be on the 
verge of expansion most ob- 
servers expea its next bid to be 
rather less ambitious than the 
likes of Forte and Pearson. 

Packaging and paper shares 
were shredded as Rexam, the 
old Bowater, produced the 
long-expected profit warning. 

Tlte shares fell 37p to 335p. 
dragging down the already dis- 
illusioned Aijo Wiggins Ap- 
pleton I2.5p to ISOp. David S 
Smith gave up 10Jp to 255p. 

On the electrical pitch 
Graseby fell 18p to 125p on a 
profit warning; the boardroom 
power struggle at Cable & 
Wireless left the shares 3p 
higher at 420p. 

BTR rose 5p to 33Sp with 
Nat West Securities supportive, 
but the sterling/ Australian dol- 
lar rate prompted much of the 

The electricity utQi ties were 
firm with SBC Warburg mak- 
ing an unofficial market in Na- 
tional Grid shares. The spread 
was put at 219p/222p. The 

Stock Exchange grey market in 
the shares opens tomorrow. 

Financial shares continued 
to bubble. Legal & General 
added 9p to 684p on dividend 
considerations; Standard 
Chartered gained 1 lp to 557p 
as talk continued to circulate 
of a takeover strike. 

BICC remained in the 
takeover frame with stories 
three buyers were pursuing 
its housebuilding division 
adding to the interest. The 
shares rase 5p to 2Slp. 

Codecs International, the 
bio babe, drifted 2p lower to 
145p although Dr Eriing Ref- 
sum's dedication to the group 
remains undimmed. 

The Yamaichi analyst drew 
attention to recent deals which 
increased marketing prospects 
and. he believes, lined the un- 
derlying asset value to 270p. 

The group, floated last year 
at 44p, should, it is suggested, 
make profits of £30m next 
year, although the current year 

will produce another, if re- 
duced, loss of £3m. 

Beverley, the hard-pressed 
engineer that managco a Hou- 

disasier, moved ahead 025p to 
Up after its moderately en- 
couraging trading statement 
and £850,000 placing to fund 


Applied Holographies’ sur- 
prising interim profit left the 
shares 7p down at 98p hut 
printer Ferry Pickering leapt 

i. Ill- -+ J^vIncAfl tlllK 

37p to 171p as it disclosed talks 
that could lead to a bid. 

Toy Options, which came to 

market at 65p in June, jumped 
I4p to 101p. It has become the 
latest UK group to achieve a 
Walt Disney link, being ap- 
pointed distributor for the toy 
range of a new Disney film to 
be premiered here in March. 

Groupe Cbez Gerard held at 
197p. Teather & Greenwood, 
the stockbroker, expects prof- 
its to climb from £23 in to £3m 
thte year with £3. 9m next. 

Wakcboarne, the loss- 
making computer services 
group where there has been 
talk of a shareholder 
uprising, held at 22p, a low, 
The company, the old 
Maddox Group, has foiled to 
meet expectations and there 
is talk that it will be put out 
of its misery by a takeover 
hid. Stratagem, up 3p at 
I70p, is the favourite to 

0 Millennium, a motor 
distributor that used to be 
the foUy-qnoted European 
Energy, is on its way to the JP 
Jenkins Ofex share market. It 
is raising up to £1.9m, 
offering shares at L5p. The 
group has sold its mining 
operations and, under the 
direction of Gerald Davison, 
former head of Keep Trust 
and director of UK 
operations for Honda, is 
seeking to rapand its car and 
parts distribution business. 

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Prices are in Hcriiac except where staled. The yield is Iasi year’s dividend, grossed up 
bv 20 per cent, as a pezoenuge of the share price. The price/carnings (P/E> ratio is U>e 
share price divided by tet year's caroings per shaie. actating occepdonal items. 
Other details; *r Ex rights x Ex-divideui a Ex-all u Uniised Securities Martel 
s Suspended pp Partly Paid pm Nil Paid Shares. Source: Firatat 


The index allows you to access real-time share price* by pbonc from Seaq. Simply dial 
0891 123 335, fallowed by the 4-digit code printed next lo each share. To access the 
latest Qnxndal reports dial BS91 1233 foUowed by one of ehe two-rfigh codes below. 
FT-5E 100 - Real-time 00 Sterling Rates 04 Privatisation Issues 36 

UK Stock Market Report 01 Bullion Report 05 Water Shares 39 

UK Company News 02 WfaUSl Report 20 Electricity Shares 40 

Foreign Exchange 03 Tokyo Market 21 High Street Banks 41 

.Anyone with a tone-dial telephone can nse this service. For a detailed description of 
The Independent Index, including its portfolio facility, phone 0891 123 333. 
For assistance, call our helpline 071 S73 4375 (9J0am - jJOpn). 

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Oita Rectmflotar Ctessfc. 
Model 574 74604084 
Spherical cut mineral crystal. 
Water-resistant to 30 metres. 
Automatic movement. 

Retail price £575 

For limher Intamaikm cortaci: Ons UK LUL P0 Bn S9, MBnctaaUt M28 380, Til. 01204 86U35 

134 100 

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Paradoxically, the professional isation of the game means that 
players will behave more like footballers: hugging, even kissing 

~ . . . I, J . . . : . . . . «« nr nff the field. . particular, was exemplary, and ac 

The referee at Twickenham last 
Saturday. Jim Fleming, has not 
been having the best of presses. I am 
not normally inclined to come to the 
defence of referees. On this occa- 
sion I should at least like to enter a 
pica in mitigation. 

From the back row of the press 
box. almost on the half-way line, it 
appeared to me too that Chester 
Williams had not scored that first dis- 
allowed try. “Looked a perfectly 
good try,” a colleague next to me 
said. But he had taken a peep at the 
television replay on one of the sets 
in the row immediately beneath us 
(for this is a service made available 
in the press boxes of most of the 
major international grounds). 

And of course he and the televi- 
sion were right. Fleming and I 

wrong. However, it seemed to me 
at the time that the ball would not 
have travelled forward as far or fast 
as it did unless it had been bounced 
instead of grounded. Not so. In this 
area, as in others, the machine is 
mightier than man. 

Then, in Williams's first allowed 
try. it was be who clearly felt be had 
not grounded the bail properly, for 
he turned sharp right to ground it 
nearer the posts. Alternatively, he 
wanted to make assurance doubly 
sure. Or, again, he thought he 
would give a much-needed present 
to Joel Siransky (who would have 
cost me money if I had backed my 
guess of a 20-points margin in South 
Africa's favour). 

The referee, however, had dif- 
ferent ideas, and indicated that the 

conversion should be taken from the 
touchline- point where W illiams had 
first grounded - or not grounded - 
the ball. Simultaneously, Williams 
was making a little bow, presumably 
indicating: “Nobody can argue with 
• this one.” 

There was an occasion when an 
England player attempted a more 
elaborate effort- This was Mike 
Burton, then of Gloucester, now the 
well-known entrepreneur. He made 
it after being sent off at Johannes- 
burg in 1972 when England beat 
South Africa. Poor Burton was de- 
nounced up hill and down dale by 
the stuffier elements among British 
rugby commentators. Anyone would 
have thought the belligerent prop 
had taken down his shorts in front 
of the stand instead of giving a bow. 

on rugby 

Tbday that same movement, ad- 
mittedly less courtly than Barton's, 
and made in different circumstances 

- for a hy is different from a dismissal 

- arouses no adverse comment or, 
indeed, remark of any kind. I am not 

saying it should. Rugby ought not to 
be played by automatons. 

- Paradoxically, however, the pro- 
fessionalisation of the game means 
that players will behave more like 
footballers: jumping up and down, 
. raising one another aloft, hugging, 
even kissing. The South Africans 
showed a marked tendency inwards 
exuberant behaviour of this nature. 
This was because they had more to 
be exuberant about- Francois (“av- 
erage") Pienaar embraced both 
W illiams and the other try -scorer. 
Joost van dcr Westhuizen. 

Though one think s of Afrikaans- 
speaking white South Africans (who 
composed the bulk of this team) as 
being as tightly buttoned-up as. 
say, Ulstermen, they clearly have 
feelings they are not embarrassed 

to express, on or off the field. 

The trouble with England was that 

Jade RoweD, together with circum- 
stances, had taken out the team's 

backbone, in both metaphorical 

senses of that word. Mike Catt was 

shifted from frill-back to outside- 
half. Television, because of its in- 
ability to show relative distances, 
masked the unhappiness of his dis- 
play, at any rate until the final 
quarter. He spent most of the time 
trying to do what Rob Andrew 
would have done better. Kyran 
Bracken devolved all the responsi- 
bility on Catt, whereas the retired 
Dewi Morris would have gone off 
on frolics of his own. 

Technically Mark Regan proved 
a more than adequate substitute for 
Brian Moore. His throwing-in, m 

particular, was exemplary, and ac- 
counted for much of the possession 
won by Martin Bayfield arid Martin 
Johnson. But what shall it profit a 
i*am if they shall gain all the line- 
out possession in the whole world, 
and lose the match? ‘ - 

. Ben Clarke had an excellent 
game but was no leader in - the. 
Dean Richards mould- Tim Rodber 
looked out of sorts,. whDe Andy 
Robinson was largely anonymous. 
Damian Hopley was gallant but, as 
we knew, lacked the speed of an in- 
ternational wing. Roiy Underwood 
does have the speed but spent most 
of the afternoon,_not for the first 
time, in a catatonic trance. Rowed 
will have to. make changes Her 
migh t start with some ample lessons 
on how to catch a rugby bait 

Atherton left to 

rue more rain 


reports from Pretoria 

When England decided to bring 
their own doctor to South 
Africa, they doubtless had such 
things as sunstroke and upset 
stomachs on their minds, but if 
the Darwinian theory of evolu- 
tion holds any water, he will 
soon be called upon to deal with 
a nasty outbreak of webbed feeL 

Apart from the South Africa 
A game in Kimberley, it has 
rained during every game so far. 
and for the past three and a third 
days of the opening Test match. 
England were not so much in 
need of the services of captain 
Atherton as captain Nemo. 

There was one last attempt to 
play some cricket here yesterday, 
when a combination of a break 
in the clouds and Centurion 
Park's remarkable drainage 
prompted the announcement of 
a 2pm resumption. At precisely 
1.58pm, it began hosing down 
again, and although it stopped at 
2.05pm, the fed-up quotient had 
already prompted a “match 
abandoned" announcement. 

As a resident of Manchester. 
England's captain would not 
have been unfamiliar with this 
kind of weather, but it did not 
make it any less exasperating. 
“We felt that we had got our- 
selves into a good position on 

Friday, and that the pitch would 
have become a little bit worse to 

bai on had the game run its full 
course." Atherton said. 

South Africa, not surpris- 
ingly. put a slightly different per- 

spective on it. their own captain. 
Hansie Cronie, savins: “Wc 

Hansie Cronje, saying: “Wc 
made a mistake with reading the 
pitch, and were disappointed 
with the way we howled. Even 

so, England's total was not that 
special, and we fancied making 

special, and we fancied making 
500 ourselves." 

While this might have been 

as over generous an est [mate as 
the United Cricket Board of 
South Africa's projected atten- 
dance figures, the weather cer- 
tainly hit their pocket, and the 
first home Test match against 
England for 30 years ended up 
costing them around £200,000. 

Having announced their 
team for this Test two weeks in 
advance, play had not even 
been called off yesterday when 
they named Lheir 12 for Lhe 
second Test in Johannesburg. 

The one change is unlikely lo 
have England sweating with 
fright. Meyrick Pringle, a right 
arm medium swing bowler, re- 
placing Brett Schultz, a left 
arm fast-medium bowler who 
has both a buttock problem and 
a communication problem. 

The South Africans did not 
take it loo well when Schultz suf- 
fered a recurrence of his buttock 
strain after four balls of his first 
over, and their managing direc- 
tor of cricket, Ali Bacher, yes- 
terday described it as a “fiasco". 

This is because the amount of 
medical advisers they have prob- 
ably costs them more than the 
lost Test match gate receipts, and 
yet they still took Shultz's word 
that he was fit rather than re- 
ferring him to a specialist. 

South Africa are also likely 
lo change their all pace-bowler 
strategy for the Johannesburg 
Test, although they have not 
taken the bold path advocated 
by most cricket followers, who 
would like to pick Paul Adams, 
the left-arm wrist spinner who 
caused England so many prob- 
lems in Kimberley. 

Instead, they have stuck with 
the onbodox left-arm finger 
spinner Clive Eksteen. although 
their chairman of selectors. 
Peter Pollock, made Lhe curious 
admission that Eksteen had not 
been picked in the expectation 
of getting anyone out. “Not too 
many spinners win Test matches 
these days." Pollock said. “But 



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0800 100 888 

I St: 

It’s easy to discuss the options available simply by calling us free at a 

time convenient for you. We’re open 

Monday to Friday 8am to 9pm or Saturday 

8am to 4pm, just quote reference A363A. 

You’ll find there’s no hard sell, just dear. 

straightforward financial advice. 



iSource: B.M.R B. Sqrroi IW. Hie (igore- refer? 10 +3°® of people interviewed agej lo and over and not retired who had 
mjdr no pennon arrangement* of their own.) For _*»ur aecnrlM and lo awi*t o-, in Improving our senior r© yon we mar 
record or moniror all calls i* Abbe* National Direct. Pension predict* are provided L« .tbbrr National Life pic. Slopping 
contributions in ihe earli »ear« mai re«uli in a transfer or paid up Talue which I* lei* than the contribution* paid. The value 
of mrestixicnts and anr income from them but fall a* well a* rise, l» not guaranteed and. therefore, yon may not grl bach 
the fall amount ipu'intesi Abbei National pic. Ahber Hon»*. Baker irreel. London NW1 6XL. United Kingdom 



we have chosen Eksteen to do 
a job." Whatever that job was. 
Pollock declined to elaborate. 

England now move on to 
Bloemfontein for a four-day 
game against Orange Free Stale, 
but they will not be facing Allan 
Donald after the South African 
Test panel instructed Donald's 
State side to leave him out 
Instead, Donald will work with 
the coach. Bob Woolmer. 

The power to do this comes 
from a new piece of legislation 
which contracts South Africa’s 
Test players to their Board rather 
than their State, something 
which the Test and County 
Cricket Board might get around 
to copying should they ever 
decide that a winning England 
team is of any great importance. 

Raymond Illingworth, who 
spent the back end of last sum- 
mer appealing unsuccessfully 
for Yorkshire not to risk Dar- 
ren Gough's foot injuiy, not sur- 
prisingly said that the TCCB 
should have a say in whether 
players should or should not 
play between Test appearances. 

Sadly, the TCCB has no in- 
fluence when it comes to pick- 
ing their overseas supporters, 
and there was depressing evi- 
dence from the electronic score- 
board yesterday - “BARMY 
ARMY!" it kept flashing up as 
the familiar band of inebriates 
launched into one of their 
mindless chants - that the South 
Africans regard this lot as even 
more cute than the Australians 
did last summer. 

Then the Barmies were 
granted something akin to the 
freedom of Bendigo. Although 
it is a moot point as to whether 
the freedom of Bendigo quali- 
fies as an honour, one can only 
hope that this time they get the 
freedom of something more 
appropriate. Just a suggestion, 
but there is an extremely large 
disused mining hole in the mid- 
dle of Kimberley. 

1 ® 


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Appeals procedure: Greg Bfewrtt, of Australia, unsuccessfully claims leg before against Pakistan's Wasim Akram yesterday Photograph: Allsport 

McGrath seals series for Australia 

Australia 267 and 306 
Pakistan 198 and 220 
Australia won by 155 runs 

Australia proved that they can 
win even without their master 
leg-spinner Shane Warnc by 
thrashing Pakistan by 155 runs 
in the second Test in Hobart 
yesterday to wrap up the three- 
matcb series. 

The fast bowler Glenn Mc- 
Grath shouldered the extra re- 

sponsibility in Warne's absence 
by taking five wickets to dismiss 
the tourists for 220 in their sec- 
ond innings with a day to spare. 

Australia were forced to rely 
on pace after Warae, a repeated 
match winner in recent years, 
was unable to bowl at the Bel- 
Ierive Oval because of a broken 
toe he sustained on Friday. 

The all-rounder Greg Blew- 
ett played a vital support role 
for Australia by claiming his firet 
wickets in Test cricket at a 

crucial stage of the match yes- 
terday and taking two catches. 

Pakistan, set a daunting 376, 
finally succumbed when Mc- 
Grath flattened the middle 
stump of Mushtaq Ahmed for 
eight, one hour before the 
scheduled dose. Mark Taylor. 
Australia's captain, won the 
man of the match award for 
scores of 40 and 123. 

A amir Sofaail, the Pakistan 
batsman, was later fined half his 
match fee and handed a sus- 

pended two-match ban for 
throwing his bat away after his 
dismissal for 57. 

The International Cricket 
Council match referee, Raman 
Subba Row. imposed the 
penalties after ruling that 
Sohafl’s actions had brought the 
game into disrepute. 

(Fourth <tay ot five; Australia won tossl 
AUSTRALIA - First Inninga 267 fM E Wau0i 
88: Mtsmaq AJnmd 5-115). 

PAKISTAN - First bnfcvCB 198 (Ranu Rata 3Sfc 
P R RerfM 4-3®. 

AUSTRALIA - Second borings 306 iM A Tay- 
k* 123, M J Slater 73: Mushtaq Aimed 4-83). 

PAKISTAN - Second tarings 

<Ov#m£o: 15 for 0) 

Satm Bahi c Boon b McGrath _17 

Aanw Sohaa c Sub b Btewett 57 

Ranu Raja Rm b Reiffo) 

inazamam-iU-Haq Ibw b Raffle) .40 

Ijaz Ahmed b BieweH 4 

Baat A# h Rsfflel 

TMoin Khar cMF Waugn b McGrath ...06 
•waam AKram c Biewen b McGrath -..33 

Mushtaq Ahmed b McGrath 8 

Waqar Youms c Biewett b McGrath .4 

Mohammad Akram not out 

Extras flbll) U 

Total (843 owrs) aan 

Fait 1-27, 2-62, 3-132, 4-142, 5-152, 6- 
157, 7 205, 8-210, 9-220. 

BowHng: McOernioc 16-7-3343; McGrath 
243-7-61-5: Raffia 14-6-J2 3; M E Wo^l 
12-2 24-0; S R Waufft S-l-l&O; Sfountt 10- 

WC- ' 

-f3il - 

. • 


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iOr; . 
t-^£. - 

Stemp has Pakistan stumped 

Pakistan A 137 and 147 
England A 327 
England A won by an innings 
and 43 runs 

Nasser Hussain, the England A 
captain, lead his country lo a 
crushing victory over Pakistan 
in Multan yesterday and is con- 
vinced that the younger gener- 
ation can bring England a. new 
era of sustained success. 

“We have now won five out 
of five on this tour which is bril- 
liant. But. at Lhe same time, we 
must not lose sight of the fact 
that the main object of this tour 
is to get people ready to go into 
the mil Test side," Hussain said. 

“I believe that the state of 
English cricket is going for- 
ward at the moment especially 
with the things Mike Atherton 
is trying to do with the senior 
Test side." 

England won by an innings 
and 43 runs against a Pakistan 
side boasting four full Tbst 
players. Dean Headley ( 5 for 34) 
and Richard Stemp (5 for 64) 
cleaned up yesterday morning 
as Pakistan lost their last five 
wickets for 32 runs in just over 
an hour's play. Headley, who 
overall look 6 for 63 from 48 
overs to earn the man-of-the- 
malch award, went straight lo 
bed for a well earned rest. 

“Dean’s absolutely knack- 
ered." Hussain said. “But on a 
lifeless pitch he bowled bril- 
liantly and gave me everything. 
He wasn't feeling loo weU today 
either - I can't speak highly 
enough of the effort." 

Stemp was happy to have re- 
suscitated an international 
career that looked lo be taking 
off in India last winter but was 
then stalled during a poor sum- 
mer with Yorkshire. 

John Emburey, the team 
manager, a member of the ill- 
fated 1987 tour of Pakistan, 
knows only too well how difficult 
it is to beat the Pakistanis on their 
home soil, let aJone give them a 
drubbing well inside four days. 
In 18 Tests in Pakistan, spread 
over six senior tours. England 
have won only once - back on 
their first trip in 1961-62 

(Fourth nay o 7fte: Palostan won toss) 
PAKISTAN A - First Innings 137 (StwdM An- 
war 50: 1 D K Sdtetary 6-39). 

ENQIAND A - first tanfogs 327 U E R Gal- 
ban 62. R C Irani 58, N Hussain 52: Mobam- 
maO Zahtd 4-67i. 

PAKISTAN A - Second Innings 
(OwwiUJit U5 for 5) 

*Asri MutataOa c Sdsbuiy b Stomp ...57 

Mvam Raza c GsBan b Stomp >17 

tWasan YouliI c Piner b Stemo 3 

Nadeem Khan tow b Heaaley 0 

Katxr Khan c Hussain b Headley .0 

Mohammad Zarud not out j 

Extras IW. 154, nb2) 12 

Total (TLB «K|) 147 

Fal (eonth 6-130, 7-136. 8137. 9-137. 
Bowfine htoodtov 26-11-34-5: GntOns 1D3 
15-0; Sob shiny 80-17-0 Stemp 26.5-864- 
5: tom 5-2-7-tt 

Umptaa: StaVeel Khan and Mian Mohammad 


The career of Billy Cobb will not 
be recalled readily, perhaps, by 
many football supporters, even 
those of the four League clubs he 
served. He does, however, have 
one unique dam to fame - ft was 
he who scored Nottingham 
Forest's first goal rn Europe, 
against Valencia in the Inter-Cities 
Fairs Cup in 1961-62. 

Not that it did Forest a lot of 
good. Beaten 5-1 at the City 
Ground, they went out 7-1 on 
aggregate. Itwasafortuitousgjal, 
too: a free-kick intended as a 
cross. “Yfes. it was a fluke," 
Cobb said, “but the record books 
don't tell anyone that.* 

“It was a great night." he 
added, “but the Spaniards were 
just brilliant. We were probably too 
nice a team." 

Leaving behind a side that 
Included Peter Grummitt and 
Geoff vowden, the Newark-bom 
winger spent less than five years 
with Forest before playing under 
Malcolm AHison at Plymouth, 

moving to Brentford and Lincoln 
and finishing in the Northern 
Premier league with Boston. 

Thereafter he became a pub- 

Northants sign 
up Emburey 


' ' ■ -■'» r ■ 


" — act. 


s' *^5^ 






Billy Cobb 

iican, keeping the Sherwood Inn 
in Mansfield Road, Nottingham for 
20 years before taking early re- 
tirement. Today, ag?d 55. he man- 
ages the bars at Nottln^ram Ice 
Stadium, on a part-time basis. 

As Forest's guest at this year's 
second-round Uefa Cup match 
against Auxerre, Cobb was asked 
to recall his experiences. “They 
took me into what used to be 
called the Jubilee Club,’ he said, 
"ft feft a bit strange, really. When 
Clough ie was there he didn’t en- 
courage ex-players, unless they 
were from his ere. I used to have 
a Job getting in for a drink." 


John Emburey, in Pakistan as 
manager of England A, has 
been appointed Northampton- 
shire's chief coach. Emburey has 
agreed a four-year deal and 
takes up his post in January. 

The 43-year-old former 
Middlesex off-spinner will team 
up with Rob Bailey, who takes 
over from Allan Lamb as skipper 
for 1 996, and his former England 
colleague Ncfl Foster, who is the 
county's new development 

However, it is not dear 
whether Emburey, widely re- 
garded as Raymond Illing- 
worth's natural successor in 
charge of England's Test side, wiD 
play for his new county. 

Steve Coverdale, the 
Northants chief executive, re- 
fused to rule out Emburey from 
continuing on Lhe field, but 
said: “He feels it may not be in 
Northamptonshire's best inter- 
ests for him to play." 

With Winter drawing m you really appreciate the 
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can make you savings you'll really warm .to 
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Ability starts to count at the Club 



“It ’*«? • bcBef no one 
should be prevented from at 
leart applying to become a lo- 
cal racecourse steward," An- 
thony Miidmay-While, the 
chairman of the Jockev Club's 
Disciplinary Committee, said 
yesterday. “The system should 
be based on ability, not social 
acceptability." ft „ baid lo M 

which is the greater surprise: an 
open-minded, forward-looking 
statement from a senior Club of- 
ficial, or the fact that he did not 
immediately retire next door 
with a revolver to do the decent 

Ins tead, historians prepared 
a burned appendix to the chap- 

ter on the decline of Empire and 
aristocracy. In future, after 
Nhanoum and the end of the 
Raj* expect a few lines on the 
day when the Jockey Club 
opened its doors to commoners. 
It was also a day when the busi- 
ness of chasing winners started 
to become just a little less 
stress fuL 

All punters nurture at least 
one painful merooiy of a per- 
verse st awarding decision which 
went against them (indeed, 
some bitter souls can reel off 
dozens). In many cases, it is the 
money talking, but the popular 
image of local stewards - 
drunken, inbred, myopic, un- 
qualified half-wits who learned 
all they know about racing from 
playing Newmarket after lights- 
out in the prep-school dorm - 

persists none the less. It is a 
problem which the Jockey Club 
now seems ready to tackle 

Mildmay-Whjte himself - 
the man lowborn the local stew- 
ards ultimately answer - 
seemed (o acknowledge the 
.problem hy damning the present 
incumbents with the faintest of 
praise. “I'm not saying that 
those people in the system are 
had,” he said, “but in the 1990s 
we must show the industry that 
we lake it seriously. We arc try- 
ing to put increased quality 
control into the system. 4 

Once, the recruitment of 
stewards by racecourses could 
amount to liule more than a 
one-question interview (“I say 
Monty, how d'you fancy u spot 
of stewardin'? Family tradition. 

Aga back with Cumani 

Luca Cumani is to receive 15 
yearlings from his former patron 
the Aga Khan, as the owner be- 
gins to re-establish a British 
base. With the removal of 
Sheikh Mohammed's horses 
from Henry Cecil’s stable, 
Cumani should be able to con- 
firm his status among the lead- 
ing trainers with the influx of 
some prime thoroughbreds. 

Together with his fellow New- 
market trainer Michael Stoutc. 
Cumani suffered most when 
the Aga withdrew his horses 
from Britain in 1990 after a row 
with the Jockey Club following 
the disqualification of his 
Stoute-tramed 1989 Oaks win- 
ner, Aliysa. 

Cumani, who trained the 
Aga’s 1988 Derby winner, 
Kabyasi, expects the new intake 
will arrive at his Bedford House 
stable before the end of the 
year. “The Aga Khan's decision 
to have horses trained in Eng- 
land again is great news for 

British racing in general and 
Bedford House in particular.'' 
Cumani said. "British racing 
needs and welcomes successful 
owner-breeders or this calibre 
for the competition and inter- 
est i heir horses generate. 

"My staff and I greatly look 
forward to receiving His High- 

NAP: Wamdha 
(Huntingdon 3L20) 
fffi: Zapra 
(Cheltenham 2J25) 

ness's yearlings after an absence 
of five years and thank him for 
bis renewed support." 

The Aga said Of C umani; “I 
am hopeful he will be as suc- 
cessful for me as he was in the 
past Thu development win sig- 
nificantly strengthen my pres- 
ence in British racing which 
recommenced this year when I 
had a number of runners 

trained by my Irish trainer, Mr 
John Oxx." 

The Aga originally used 
Stoutc and FnJkc Johnson- 
Houghlon as his trainers in 
Britain, but hy the lime of the 
Aiiysa affair. Cumani and Sloute 
hau 78 of his horses between 
them while Alain de Royer- 
Dupre trained for him in France. 

When he withdrew from 
British racing, the Aga retained 
Oxx to train for him in Ireland 
for the first time. Both he and 
Royer-Duprc will continue 
with the owner, but Stoutc, 
who handled Lhc Aga-owned 
Derby winners Shcrgar and 
Shahrasiani. has been left out. 
Because the Aga win have al- 
most one-third fewer yearlings 
than when he left the British 
scene, he does not believe Lhat 
he can maintain a meaningful 
presence with more than three 
trainers. However, he expects to 
be able to send horses to 
Stoule'syard in the near future. 

after all."). In future, candidates 
will be able to apply directly to 
Port man Square. 

“We have only tended to gel 
the names that racecourses 
have pul forward," David Pipe, 
the Club’s director of public af- 
fairs, said, "but here at POrtman 
Square soda! acceptability is not 
a criterion at all. It is important 
(hat everybody who feels they 
may have time to devote can 
write to us directly and not to 
racecourses where they may 
know no one at all." 

To coincide with the antici- 
pated injection of fresh, quali- 
ty-controlled blood, a scries of 
intiatives will attempt to ensure 
that stewards’ inquiries arc con- 
ducted with more speed, pro- 
fcssionaUsin and consistency. All 

would-bc stewards will be re- 

for Quest 

Rough Quest was the mover in 
the market for Saturday’s Hen- 
nessy Cold Cup after delighting 
his trainer, Terry Casey, as the 
gelding tcamed-up with his big- 
race jockey, Jamie Osborne. 

“Jamie schooled him over six 
fences this morning and he 
seemed very happy - he jumped 
like a buck," the trainer said. 

William Hill make Rough 
Quest 6-1 (in from 7-1) behind 
One Man (13-8) in latest bet- 
ting on the £70,000 Newbury 
race, for which only 14 horses 
were declared at yesterday’s* 
acceptance stage. 

Tote: 13a One Mon, 13-2 Eartn Sianmtt. 7- 
l Ftaujji Quest, 9-1 OoukM Bo Bener. Jo- 
dam. Young rtisder, 121 Back Humor. 
Chattnm, 16-1 Monsieu’ Lo Cum. 20-1 Co- 
ffffl, Superior Finish, 25-1 Gmjg A Buck, 40- 
1 Bshops Han. Grange Brake. 

quired to complete a 10-day 
course of instruction - at pre- 
sent, induction takes just two 
days- before they can serve as 
probationary members of a lo- 
cal panel. Before they can chair 
an inquiry, candidates must 
complete a further two-day 
course, involving a written ex- 
amination and a video-based 
questionnaire on actual race- 
course incidents. 

“Undoubtedly some people 
will fail,” Mildmay-Whitc said, 
“but I want to see a system 
where we Dover allow in those 
stewards who will never 
progress forward. If a local 
steward appears to be perverse 
in his decision-making process, 
he will have to answer for it." 

Protracted delays in an- 
nouncing the results of inquiries 


2.18: Martha's Daughter will nev- 
er reach the heights of her half- 
brother, Martha's Son, bur she may 
sdUprmc good enough for this weak 
affair. Her fourth in Home From 
The Hill in Febnanyis (behest form 
on offer in a race that is difficult to 
And anything lo back against her. 


145: Martha's Son pulled of one uf 
racing's great escape acts when re- 
covering from a horrendous blunder 
at the last to hold off Deep Sensa- 
tion to win this last year. The cighi- 
year-old is reported to be in great 
form at home and will take all the 
beating. Thavado, however, may just 
have me cd^ wiUi a winning iim at 
ready under hk saddle and in receipt 
of 41b from Martha’s Son. Contain 
and Docklands Express, who may 
both be caught out for pace. 


2L20: It would be appropriate if 
vUon cameras. If any horse typifies 
the son of animal thru Huntingdon's 
winning enclosure usually plays host 
to then this game fellow is iL Four 
rimes Wundna has landed the spoils 
at Huntingdon this year and he looks 
set lo make it five. Nick Henderson's 
CheryTs Lad represents the danger 
judged on some promising perfor- 
mances Iasi year. 


125: Z^pra was going so well on her 
blest outing at Wincanlon when un- 
seating ber rider that she should not 
be overlooked, Polden Pride may 
give her lhc most problems after Tail- 
ing to land a four-timer at Haydock 
earlier this month. 


3.00: Dcxtra Dove's run of vino ties 
may finally be coming to attend as 
shown hr his flattering 13-tength de- 
feat of £outhok at Unaxeier. It was 
only the fact lhat the second fin- 
ished lame that Jri Dextra Dove 
record his six successive win. 
Bankroll is capable of landing this, 
if be can put the tumble at Ludlow 
a fortnight ago behind him. 


13& Adrian Maguire's fall at Ascot 
fniFridaydenjedPntty Road the du- 
bious honour of giving Large Action 
lOlbs. There is nothing of that dass 
here and the five-year-old can con- 
quer his dislike of lively ground. 


. — » • . -j " 

JP Matey 

LOO My Key Silca 
L35 Golden Madjambo 
2-10 Martha's Daughter 


2.45 Ttavado (iib) 
3J20 Wamdha 
3J0 Fairy Park 

4 3S1ST-03 SmONUJOW (19) (G A lUIttd) GHitetn! 7 US. 

5 0- FURL J2WJ Ills Soho Thomson Jones! Us DHmr 6 110 

6 6KS6P-4 UMCN.SEAL07) IMaJ Dervg D ftentit Dun 5 ID 13 

- BSeebtad- 

BElTMGc 54 GofatolAaflaatet 3-1 IteAyDeta, 6-2 Seta Gant, 6-1 StengJotat. 8-1 Lyrical Sari, 
16-1 Rot 

1994c Fasno 7 11 5 R Dunwnav 5-4 (N Hendsaon) 6 on 

GOING: Chase course - Good (Good lo Firm la places); Hurdle course - Good to Firm. 

■ Right-hand, Icvid course. Run-fai 200yds. 

■ Racecourse is at junction of AJ andA0O4- HunUnadon Railway Slauoa (Hcrvicc from 
London, King's Cram) is 1 mile array. ADMISSION: Members SI 2; Tarurrmlla £ 8 ; Course 
£4. CARPARK: Picnic area £ 1 ; remainder free. 


2m 5f 110yds Penalty Value £2,495 


■ LEADING TKAXNERS; K Baltcy — 1 1 winner* from 39 runners pven a sucroja ra- 
dooru5^9k and a prod lo a£l k-wd suke of 595.4G; D NidwlMm — 14 wtnrws, 60 
runners, 2SJOTV, 4616.72; 2 GWard — J3 «um«, 66 nmners. 20.9%, +S2JJ3; Cape 
T Forster — 10 winners, 55 runners, 13.2%. ,£24.40. 

■ LEADING JOCKEYS: A Maguire — 23 wtrmcra, 124 rides. [SJ%, £3.62; R Dun- 
woody — 16 winners, 104 ride*, 14.4%, -£43.44; N WHUanson — 19 winners, 57 rides, 
22.8H, -£229: Foot Hide — 1 1 winners. 46 rides, 23.9%, +£21.73. 


LONG-DISTANCE RUNNERS: Amazon Express (330) Slid The Blue Boy (3.50) 
have been sent 244 miles hy P Bowen tram Hnverfoniirat, Dyfed; Copper Co3 { 1 .001 
has been sent 160 mOes byWGH Tamer from Canon Denham, Somerset. 

004020 MARIKA'S MUSHIER {26) (M VKad-ltuoiss) T Facw 6 10 12. 

0- MEflABM (26S) A iUbad G Hutteni 5 10 12 

soora MGOSA (12) Ms C A Tiendd) J Mhar 4 10 U 

POP-255 IBirMr(ll)IPIBHa>i|IMkB6Um. 

00 WDIK>irsWM131X(LWinto0wn]LWMh4wn61O12- 

J) Gabber 
R remit 

Chase at Aimree m Aprt. the hoy factor being Martha's Son's miaed round of jumpng, A dab 
band at racing -handed, Martha's Son had a line campaign rahenwe. bearing Cant- 
ina in bath the Victor Chander Kandcap Chase at Ascot and the Gomel Chase (2m 30 
there. Strictly at the weighs, the turn should be confnned. but CoiAon looked better as 
the season processed and won both at Cheltenham (Cahcan) and Alntrae (MarteB Hand- 
icap Chase). He defeat under 12s* m a race Ue the Maohuon can be (orghnn. despite me 
bwai (tsapporanent. and he had been tfnpressrre at Mncanton pmAousiy. He made an 
mefo. but I doubt either him or Martha's Son hen taking on the sfck-Jumping Trmado for 
the lead, affinal feck Henderson's geking m 0 R try a -wattr^-m-fram* game. Tiavado 
won this mo seasons ago and everrtialy went on to run Viking Flagship to a neck In the 
Queen Mother Champion Chase. He nas had two unhappy otcursons m the King George at 
Kempwv (afing at the 13th both times, but this tnp a more suitable m any case and if he 
jumps at ms superb best he has every chance er receipt of 4£j from the other par. Dock- 
lands Bipress is rh« rxmber one in lerms of prea-money won, nut E 13 nang 1A and his 
dependable jumping wW surely not be enougr in tha (eagre. S elecMo u: MARTHA'S SON 


£2<400 added 3m 2f Penalty Value £1398 
AOlOPCy KAHER (USA) (571) (F J MDs) htes KUhnehouseS 120 RBabngr 


34R21 IWPErSBjMpi)(OJ)(VTTsattflCtehlOni2 
403216 WAKI (26) (B WWistart J WKse 5 11 1 

BETTWft 7-4 HwtiWi Doacter, M Hcaf Day; 4-1 Mariam a, tapm, 8-1 Wtodjr'a Wtod 
1994: Gan^oupi 5 10 12 M Dwyer 11-6 (D Gandalb) 13 ran 

This mares' senes does threw up the occasunai weak race and this one w* take ItUe wbv 
nkrg wkh IterlaaE put up as a rabte aitematiw to MARTHA'S OAUQHTBI^ naif-seteno 
Mantra's Son. M Hadley and Petiautfi came up tnanps lor Gaotf Hubbard a Folkestone 
yesterday and ‘Montana, out of a wtnrwg Jumper, was sere for a Sandown bumper on her 
introduction last March. She (Hatred web bach, but mtgt easfly be ctese m the required 
sunotod tr thM conrpeny. Martha's Dauffner has wtrn m<0u be a deceive edge kr avpert- 
ence and thoufft she has shown onVa mxftcun of promse so tar, her fmath of 20 tn Home 
From The Ha here last February suggests lhat this might be her day. Rent Day took eao- 
ond behind 20-lengh winner Cavme at VMncenton last moreh and has stnoe run moderately 
in henficapL She ins a chance If Manna's Daughter is below par, while vhe non-thorougvbred 
mare Wordy* Wtod snowed a BNnmer oi abMy (n a Weiherby bumper last Oaobtr. 

n el e c tio n: MARTHA'S DAUGHTER 

£5JK)0 added 2m UDyds Penalty Vatae £3^85 

/34F4PT AAUZDNQPSESS (BBS) (D((7M Mans) PBwen 6120 

5664KM HATTVE CHBWi (5) (D| (Ralph Qass) S Da* 6 11 4. 


3U3UV- Cffinus LAD (248) (Me Bats Barnes) N HenMEon 5 11 0- 

040355 HOWS IT SOM (3B( n (Me J M Murt WMur4 1013 

341411 tMUBHA (11) (CD) (T R KMcr^r 5 10 11. 



2119HI HAW1H0IVC GtHI (9) (Ms Gal Damonl Mo M LongS 110. 

325204 AUMHYS ALEX (E) (Ms Caml Alien) J Allen S 11 0 

40-502 ■ COPPBt C0IL(U) (R A Lto)d) WGMTimei 5 U 0 

AV54-2 VULABS BHEF (14) (BF) 0 A MadneT K Burts’ 6 JO S 

S23P1P BA1ZH0 (SHMrJP IBM NThMer 6162. 

— DBosBey 


£25000 added 2m 4f UOyfc Penalty Vakw £15y775 


005P DC CHAKMUi (2^ (Dr Ian R Snenkn) F Jonbo 4 10 0 , 

IF EBay 


1 1 -AW 


10 54P5-50 FONIBIEOCMO BBJA (22] IMS Heiar Qartei Ms L ted B 10 0. 

Mnnxan 10a. True handicap wetfn: The Cnahman 9U 13b, ftrewd* a* 9fl Bh 
BEimG: 7-2 rflfeAw Brief, 4-1 Copper CoS, 9-2 WaW, l*y Key Sioa, 7-1 Babtao, 10-1 Ateaym Alex, 
14-1 ethers. 

1994: no cotreSyondrig race 

added 2m 4f 110yds Penalty Vatae £2^29 

1 021-121 GODBIWOMBOPflMffPiWiWs^^ 

2 23M32 LUQW DOllAR (10) (BF) (GPO Mkie) KB*y 7 115 

3 643662 SOW GBIT (U) (A A iftrf) A Jones 6 115- 

211110 COUKN (10)09 PF) (MG Si (X6totr)OShennod B 1110— 
3122-03 DOCHAMS 0O4ESS (S) (0) IR H Baines) K Bafcy 13 11 10_ 
111113- MARIKA'S SON (228) (CD) (M Wad-ThcmaS TFoOb'S 11 ID . 

2/12FO-1 TRAVAOO (21) (C0| IMn P ShovooiO N Henreecn 9 11 B 

345F3M CAMX£ HHG (9) (H J Mameisl H Msnm 7 11 1 

34334= GOBBtT (17) Ms A Carry! DQircy 7 11 1. 

— RFwmot 

3P-P233 WtMG POKEY (U) (0 M C Sherwod) 0 Shereaod 10 11 1 . 

-7 1 

J H K— nutfi 
_l A McCarthy 

00433- AIMhepoB(ltaGJolrnsonHDi«w«)GJol»wnHoug«jn4104— — — . Albntew 

PS0O45 P1AKTS HB’UBUC (U>5| K!0) (Mis Qsa Long) J Jerisns 4 10 1 IFUtay 

53(630 KAtZAM CX7) (Pi (Dorns Deacon) A Corel 10 10 0 OUwhy 


MMnum Me(ShC 10SL Due handbyi ae^t Hahari 9st 12b. 

BETTING: 5-2 Mewlia, 3-1 Choryni Lad, 9-2 Hoofs R Gobi, 5-1 Alcove, 6-1 Halo's RqoMc, 10-1 
Mart, 12-1 otter* 

1994: KfrypfaU Pet 5 10 0 0 Stymie 12-1 IM Hajmej 9 on 

CHERVL’S LAD B not the easiest horse to welgr up alter last January's Wbicamon fai was 
Mtowed two months later by being puled up at Cheltenham (2m 40. but he looks « 8 - 
handcopped. He won two bumpers in Ireland and made a promising enough sart for Nick 
Henderson when mini to Major Summit at Kempun a yew agp. He vrent on to take a ltde 
race at Taunton in bety speaaoUar fashion, hurting that, despite hs amalftsh stature, he 
waUd be paqing Ns way ki handicaps. This b a soft- locking oca and he has apparently been 
working weft. W a i B ia knee it here (for* couse and datum wins) but she has usually 
been (rasher than wil be the case today and the harxheapper has more of a gyrp. too. Al- 
com Is a possibility, howng been a wmnhg 12 -*aiong hnfcqi horse (or RKhairJ Herman 
last year. He has not acteeved much over nurthw yet. but geo fa here with a racarg we@«. 


BETTING: T-4 Harihtfs Sea, 2-1 tattoo, 9-4 Travado, 20-1 Dockiflndi Evpraaa, Yteng Pokey, 50- 

1 Causa Kfag, 66-1 Mbcrt 

1994: Martha's Son 7 U 1 R Fanant 21 IT Foroeri 4 ran 




A case can be made for each o( the tJ*ee "big guns' but the vote goes to MARTHA'S SON, 
who had a nn under he belt when winning tnts last year, but is said to be m geat drape. 
He overcame a final-fence blunder m winning this last time, but rumer-up Deep .Sensation 
obwousiy had a mlgnty data* task conceding 9M. Deep Sensabon took a rewnfiu of sorts 
whan deprtiAng Martha^ Son of second place beHnd VMng Ftagmip in the Mumm MeBng 

(CLASS E) £4«000 added 3m Penalty Value £2JJ84 

10-3P44 WE BLUE B07 (2q 0X (T M MddW P Bnwn 712 0 

RJPRJF- BUCKSHOT (20Q (B M Wboaon) J atari TUB 

112L41 TORT PUl (14) (P) <M£ J M OmO H OQwr 10 II 0 


4 11CAU5 VB(7aeBIVB{19)IMtoM£iMandlABMnouiandl2107-- 


BEITMGe ever* Uy Paris 5-2 Bodahot, 4-1 Ite Btae Boy, S-l Very Cheering 
1994: JubUmu 9 U 11 P Me 6-4 0 SfloM] B nr 



[ JL&gr nririfMl Im 2f 4 

D nnrSDaD05)CtNM9D 





1 125445 ZACAJVUN 08) (DftoF) J FRcM*** 4 ID tLD KmW«i 5 5 

0 NAKED EMPEROR (33) M FahaEton-Gotay 9 0 

— Data Ofason 6 

1 C30CC 


1Z10 Waft 3JL40 No Speeches UD Opera Buff 
L40 Petite Annie 2JS Easy Choice 230 He- 
boob Atshemaal 3L2S Double Rush 3^5 Duke 

G 4 HNG: SumdanL STALLS: Ira ousride. reniMlnder insde_ 
DRAW ADVANTAGE: High lor 5f to 7T. 

■ Bqnhnck surface. LeMuuA rfraip undulating coarse of 1—5 
miles. Run-In of 200yds. 

JM Racecourse is south-east of town on B203S Edcnbridge road. 
UngBekl raOway staian (served by LTawrta) 

ADMMBOK: Members £J 2, TnUersaUs £8; £&«■ Ring £4. CAE 
PARE: Club 33; remainder free. 

VKOEKP PDtSTTtME: Waft (13 .10). 

Date Vateotteo (3.55). SpMLre Bridge (3J») aB won at Ling- 
jcld on Tuesday. 

LONG-DISTANCE BONNERS: live Project (3-55) baa b een sent 
270 mlka by M Johnston fttacn Midd ieh e m , N Yotta; Occrm Stream 

(13.10), CnlcwK ( 1 . 10 ), Ftomtieail ( 2 £ 0 ) 

tore been aeot 3S8 tnUca by J L Eyre from Sutton Bank. N Yorks. 

000140 aiYHSITOOItlOJ BMfch«i39U _ROockn7 

560021 »» SPEECHES O^CTSDoa 4 9 U AOMyffiB 

4402 SBJm SKE9 (U) D Lorfei 3 9 9 RHqtfMt4 

52063 SWDVDSD(USAi^Q)Hfe399 ACMtl 

030643 MONR3Wp«JJ0niairs594_ —AMcateell 

060401 BEWAMMSIAWn JPrcttnrg494 Qed RUoptalO 

000000 StE«aOIMMUr(USA)(7)DUIm4812-ABtekw(S)B 

600000 ACCESS CAAMVAL P3) R Bore 4 8 12 BDriBeM 33 

ID 200004 BAMH»P6)Khmy381D WNmbhS 

11 1U6606 sra»H«nr(7)DMans389 lltatoja 

12 502500 SPABflJNG BOBOTA (47) U Uslw 4 B 4 R Price 3 

13 000 CHAME4XMT SU 8 F (369) R Quest 3 7 7 N Adao>t 2 

BEnMBt M Stoer Stags, S-I Shady DawL 6«1 No Spaeteea, 7«1 Baa- 

B367 PEWEAfMED659(Bf)TUtoB9_ 

QUGBK FANn S Don 8 9 

000 RHBRER0UBE{I9SHy9n89_ 
05 TRUTH (24) Sr Mart Presa* 8 9 — 
0 UOM 076) C BHtran 6 9- 



-jntefcyP 92 


-~J Outer 4 



BETIBW: 5-2 Aatabetetn, 9-2 Petto Adda, 8-1 krnria Peed, Qnaena fow- 
Bf, Ntead Baperer, RWore Route. UoeL 12-1 atom 

added 3YO 1m 

£3450 added lm 2f 

423002 KAMAI SIUBf (HQ (7) (G) D fNench Darfs 79 J 

344005 JUST-MANArMOU (31} G LNB 3 9 6 At 

063021 DOUBLE BUSH (7) (CD) T Mfa 3 9 6 [5eC XI 

461031 SmnREBBB6Effipi)MMc0fimack394|5e>) 

B IV» r i » a J 

010606 PBC B5S8CE (USA) (21) (D) J Em 4 9 2 Rlap|te3 

16-6000 MMMOMC (28) H Candy 3 8 13 WNwra nt 9 

l law, 8-1 Of FlarifDOt, MoatoBa, Btetete, 10-1 otter* 


added lm 4f 

010081 U*HH) (CD) G tews 7 ID 0 AMMm(E)12 

02-9100 JAM(U5A)(22MMR)03Sa4912 6CWter8 

4S100 ANJOU 05) (U)J Peace 390 G Butted 3 

6642-00 UW0HES6BI (8) Sk Madt Rrescat 3 8 13 ODMdl 

362141 0PSMBUffBM«MfiV«**74B9. 


I) £4,300 added 2YO 7f 

3 . 0 B4HZHAF(US4)(®DGLMoa*90 SWterorthB 

2 -445242 OCEAN SHEW PS) JlEyia 90 

3 SASSY SfflffiTR Johnson Hotgimn 90 

4 0 ANTIGUAN iAIC (24) R AfTOtOTg 8 9 

5 60 CARM0SA(USA)P5)Wiar«8 Q SSteft sB 

6 00 EIEHKALIX6R*Iffl9.PflkksNMaea^B9-JQri*jB 

7 60 HXniAlOICPaCWiflB---— -—--filWtelO 

g 00 MATMAS MVSOQUE Mas B Sanders 8 9 

BQ2300 PM^SIMJRW(ll?MCnaTiart89 
00 SPfMNG MOUSE 07) D Mate 8 9 
. WAFT (USA ) ) Gosrter 8 9, 

ID 44)0600 JUST A 

264005 ACTION JACKSON (15) B Mdfcah 9 D_ 


00 BEKEBIS OPSM (U) MKha B 0 S P te M « 






9 006000 MJmQIE 01) B taa 4 6 3 

ID 000002 MUCH (21) C BnOar 5 7 13 

11 000-000 BASH> VEW 062) R l)OT4&ai 3 7 8. 

12 003050 AUWESRI9M [B9 M Ustier3 7 7 

332303 kEVEI SO ROE (7) D AitwOnx 3 fl 13_ 


005000 EL DON (26) M tyn3 8 10- 

A Carters 
( 7 )« 
■ 12 

EASY CHOICE (USA) PMachel 90. 

244000 HONB TONS MilAH 01) B Peace 90 

34240 W) MB3t£Y{33) R itevor 9 0 

TAMVAR (FR) R HoHnsheBd 9 0 

060000 ASnKUOY(U}SKI0n89 

0 CELESTIAL MMBIS (42) A James 8 9„ 


228400 KaiAB6GM.{^AUteG8a 




Thru 12 

-W Na— fl 


■Han 0)10 

- 12 dactead- 

BB1MG: 4-1 S|B9m Bridge, 5-1 DooMa ttmk. 6-1 VKMwb, KmB Storm, 
Pirn Esmocc, 7-1 Merer So Rfte, 8-1 Jntf-Mane-Hoo, 12-1 often 

— Q HMda 
.D (fatter 2 


460652 MANM.(7)J) 


250005 EASIHG0U)(7)MUshBr384 
040204 iTAM0«WKag^381_ 
023206 COUSSE0QJ ^463713 

J. Charm* 14 


42350 MSSPAWB(S4)POarteS7U 
341500 fRBH 1008 (2^ R Spicer 3 79 

.NVwterP) 13 

153600 CCMTBTS LEBBOp a W J 6 c0CPfay5 7 7-JI 

BEITWC 3-1 Ldkl, 4-1 Opan BhB, S-l IfaWlN, B-l Joi, FMU tekd, 10- 
1 RW 13-1 Ai#re, 144 Btoan 


40 MBSnCM8’ENW(U)MgorDChappa89~NAteni7 

- 12 decteod - 

BETIMG: 2-1 Easy Ctrofca, 3-1 Hr Hadar. 6-1 Hang Kon(Doter, 8-1 1W- 

yar, 10-1 AteqkK Mtea Ort, 12-1 oUns 

£5300 added 3m 2f 

20534 B8naT(Bl]<q0qRAeretrac4912 R Price 3 

122524 PRHCE DAHZK (51] (CD) D MUOIQ! SMh 4 B 12 


(QUAUFBQ (CLASS E) £4A00 added 7T 

064611 DUNEUIIBflMO{7)fC)llHOlHtlMd39UAA-Tlml2 
6060CM MVOCAIION 03) (CD) A Mode 8 9 12 — ARbaternil 

002006 EAQ£ DAY (USA) 069 0 Eteonh 4 9 11 IWBamlO 

401044 AKOO (21) B Peace 4 99 D9 MgCMib{3)9 

305004 CANMirFHjOOHMm John Berry 499 MWWw-4 

214201 CHYSlM.kBGHTS(FR] (51) (C) (D) RCTSuUen 799 

S Saoden 15 

7 000204 UtEnQlEC7(7) P5 M Joftimi 3 9 7. 

a 332340 BHBBBfSBBfff'(S2)(E8)MIJSla9r69 7. 

2-02103 raPECT BRAKE 01) D Bsrortb 4 9 4 A Procter ® IB 

310030 MMD«Hl»M«(CD)lbsNMaiatey 6 93. 

3 13100 ELXIIlEmO ffH)093) (04 M Wtfcr 596 _) Stack 0)8 

4 321206 IM AHEAD (19) J LEj®392 RLappial 

5 240000 W0D (USA) W P MBhal 4 9 0 ,T If a 

6 106066 SMmOMiAHKptem BHfeSBU ROactrena? 

7 422351 HaOOBMSHEIIAM.01)(CO)JGDdon3B9. 

200536 DAMM6 5BUX (8) R Dies! 3 9 2_ 




£4^300 added 2YD.Tf 

250 AOIO8AB8^0® RHamonSO RPwtemS 

0 B£SAIIS(fi)03) AMocibSO Alateoaa(7]3 



8 550044 DB54/DY(42)WTianar388 w — 


aEmteM H ateo b AN tewmi l, 3-1 Baaflaat, 4-1 Ware D—lftBaDaa- 
Lady, 7-1 Spartaatok, 10-1 FtrAtewd, 14-lotfcan 

320003 APOUD RH) 01) (CO) A MaoB 6 8 13 — -£an*t Monb 8 

13 066000 QUNZI IMftfM (R (CD) Drfa)r»i Jaiea 78 U_AMw*rwO 

14 3000(H) JAHANGR CM) ft* kHhel 6 8 10 6BaRtea98 

15 066042 GREF CHMMEH 009) C James 6 BIO AHcQoae2 

16 006200 SOSSOfi RIDCE 03) ID) J Bnd(0r 3 8 4 IQutan7 

-16 deriamd - 

BEfnNG: 5-1 Dote VMtertteo, 6-1 Ojatel Haltefa, 7-1 Parted Brew, & 
1 6a0a Day, 10-1 Canary Rrieno, 12-1 flazio, lire nujaci, 14-1 olhaa 



2-1 tor. 8 ran. 6. WHo«. We aJMag- 

Tote: £17^0: £5360, £3-60, EL3Q- Of-. 
££8 Q0L CSF: £81-83. Trtaast £207.61. 


1 itest Be MaafiaM 11-2: 3. ASmac NOflto 

15-8 (w, B 3, 2% (R OiStgtn N»- 

martet). Tot* £3^0; £1-80. £160. DF: 
rorecaec L1M. CSf: £10.72- 

'•««"jaSS25fS 2 * 40 : 8 - MAS!® OF me ROCK (£Hu9 

ies(tM«finahBiJfcuih,'W3 h-U 2. 3-1; 3. Ka«i- 

SSt Broud*>n)-T0t*£lAO. Dft £Lfla 
CSF: £2.48. Mt AmbkKkJe Harvest 
1 *» ««• *- PBMVMN BALE (RGuesO 12- 

14 z. westera* Boy 14-1; 3. WtaS^re 

7-1. 7 rrei. 1&8 few Humeane BWo Wi). 


S4ttl.I«eCTR0UIE(MfC«)rn8il U- 


12A0: 3. STAR RASE lA S SmOh) 5-1: 

2. KRoamartyre SW 25-1^ 3. *•+*** 

21 no. 4-1 lav Nonros (4tW- i 1 CJ «■ ^ 
rfa. Mefton Mowbray). Tate: «£*£!££ 
£5X0, £2.00. Dud Forecaffi £8730- Com; 
putar Straight Rareeatt 
£Ba30. Alter an fltjBCtn n ty «« 
state, Lesleys Ar®S. finehad ftjuih.w«s 

cHsquWflad tor taffing to v»tfr-4L 

Liai-AMDHOSaAȣPCSrt)erg) IDO- 

L 11 im. M to Emia mbs ffiW . w 
0 H Johnson. Crook). TW* £2£ttt 
- £t90, £2£0. Dual Forecast: £14.00. 
£20^2, Trice £29.00. Nfe Ctwton Ram- 
bp, Deep Cali. 

• iAbi 3. sareRwuE rw is wymri v>- 

! 1: 2- MerryWB Madam 8-1,' 3- CatwaBiw 

g to; 2. SteoiMa lad 7-2: 3. btMri Lairi 
11-4. s ran. 2Va, 20. (J H Johnson. Crook). 
Tote: £2^40,- £110. £2^0. OF: £4*0. CST 


Qnadpot Not won. Ptaoepab £2.029.40. 
Placa & £S39J9. Ptaoa 6: LL96CL46. 


Ute L HI HEDLEY IK Caute) 32-1; 2. 
UBwount S-15 to; 3. Script 3-1. 6 ran. 
Ml 2V2- (G Hubbard, WOodbridge). Tata: 
£&sa- £180,11.10. Dual Forecast £750. 
CSF: £1919. NR: MerafleM Houe& 

. UK 1 ENVOfWOBUM (Peter Hobbs) 
25-1; 2. Grey Haeb 9^2; 3. aaroeMem- 
n 33-1. 8 im. 11-8 to Wpim's Wasion 
®ft). Ml 5v(DGWfflB,fWMnsbntlgfl). Totes 
£2R4fr,£2J0,ma £7 J0Q. Of: £36.60. 
CSF: £12953. Ate a stflww*’ inqiriiy, the 
Bra. and second ptaebrgs vrere rawraed. 

2J00: 3. VICOSM (P Corey) 11-8 to. 2. 
Dante’a DaRgM 40-1; 3-DaytOfT Ta rert cT 
M. 7 ml ShMet, a (RMner, BandftMl R>- 
nrm). Tots £2.00; £1.40, £5.40. DF: 
£2Z20. CSF: £3455. 

2J0; 1 PETTMJ6H (K Gate) 11-4; 2. 
DtteSr S-l; 3. WbotBante Boy 9-3. 9 ran. 
5-2 to Ftomewad. 7, 3Vb. (G Hufabanl. Wood- 
bridttl.Totoi £3.70; £250, £210. £2.00. 
DF: £ 18 . oa CSF: £1796. Titast £106.64. 

3MC1. COUJMOUEWrPHedeyt 44; 
2 . Jimmy OT)«& 4 to 3. Brora Rosa 33- 
1. 6 ran. 1. 10. (R Alnen Btandtad Forum). 
Tote £5.40; £210, £2.CO. DR £7^1 CSF: 
£12.79. Nft IffeKJ- After a apmstis mtyUry, 
pacings undtered. 

350: 1. HENRETiX HOWARD (f FTUey) 
4-5 to 2. SoprenK Keflyaxra 6-4; 3. Mae- 

nad 5-L 6 ran. 7, 5. (Mrs D Hama, New- 
msrfreu. Tote: C2-00; £130, £180 DR 
£3.00. CSF: £2.78. 

Quadpet £2130. Ptecapat: £511.70. 
Ptaea 5: £4610. Placa 6: £6018. 


12K): 1. SAUANDO (B Cochrane) 10-1; 
2. Dr Cimead 4-1 to. 3. P a a ea M Reply 
20-3. 15 im. 2Ve. 3. (Pet Mtchofll. Tata: 
£9.90; £230. £170, £24.60. Dual Forecast 
£35.20. CSF: £5018. Wt longtenfen. Tno 
not wore 

. li£BSl.PECCr SPENCER (Dean MeK- 
eowri) 5-1 to, 2. Flaba 20-1 3. Anottrer 
Bnt ch worth 112: 4. lOOdktg PrinoMfc 13- 
2. 16 raw. 3, 3- (C Ihomtord. Tata: £5.40; 
£190, £4.50, £2.00, £2.10. DF: £850a 
CSF: £10117. Tncast £54732. rrio: 

lax 1 WNCS HARMOW (R Oetoana) 
7-2: SL Afoot 4-1 3. BaByaabaoyS-l to. 
15 mL¥i,tyz. IP Mated, fete: £3J«; £150, 
£ 200 , £150. DF: £7.50. CSR £19.44. Trin 
£8.90. NR: WngJom Princess. 

250:1 JALMADtG Carta) 13-2; 2 Lady 
(taste 14-1; 3. Lrefr SMt 9-2 to. Ifi rm. 
VU, Vl (B McMahon). Tata: £830; £190. 
£3.40, £230. OR £8080. CSR £9049 Tito: 

220: 1 ROMAN QOLO (R Perham) 138 
tar, 2 Quality 5-1; 3. Los Abmoe 20-1 9 
ran. 3, 3^(5? Harmon!. Tote: £270; £140, 
£250, £420. DF: £5.40. CSR £1047. Tn- 
cacc £11255. Trier £32.00. 

2J5a 1 1A BRH 1 «5 Qatteeo 3-1 Jt-to 
2 Coleridge 7-1 2 SqnmBStar3-lR- 
to. 13 ran. 2, 1 (M Ryan). Wre £4 JO; 
£250. £ 180 , CZnO. Dual Forecast £ 1880 . 

reduce betting turnover and 
thus racing's return from the 
Levy. New ideas to speed the 
process up include a reduction 
in the time allowed for riders' 
objections from five lo three 
minutes, immediate access to 
television pictures from all an* 
gles. and the resolution of cas- 
es of accidental interference 
without recourse to an inquiry may also be possible to 
dear winners of involvement in 
interference before an inquiry 

With so much at stake, there 
will always be someone prepared 
to disagree with any Rewarding 
decision. Yet if the overall resifi 
of the new system is faster, 
smarter and more consistent 
stewnrding, most jxmteis wiD say 
long live the revolution. 


12.45 Wisfey WPndor 
L20 Preen ka Girl 
3-55 Nahthen Lad 


225 Zajlra 

235 Putty Road 

GOING: Good {goc4 to Srre 111 ptacca). 

■ Ldt-hand. cmopbiB crease With tefffcnras. 1 »phiU run-in of 241*1 

■ Eacccremt b ire noith of uiwn off M^ tto lirA lmm ««kcnluin Kfateay Su- 
tun fitntri by Brtaol, Bffmlngh»" And Loadoo, Paddincum) which is Cm away. AD- 
H155IOK: Or* & Tauuraalb SIS frmiw’S '6-24 yens, £ 8); Foster's Enclosure S5. 

re rcinnir: tbainrb£> d indwisoa — S5 winners (rain I IJ2 runners gives a talfr 

stake ofSll^O; II Pipe — 33 winnere. 

♦ST.73: K BtOn — 2! mnners, 85 runnere, -*-■ bu. 

■ LEADING JOCKEYS: B. Dibhm4 — 42 wMma n,2\S n dta^ 19.7%, ♦4,7.33: 6. 

UGwumew, IRJfkfcs, ^ Ojto™- JBBrUeu, 

NEK, 4SU1 ; W rwuhiMMi — 21 winners. 8< nde&, --l.l*k. -113.63. 


LONG- DISTANCE BONNERS: SHw Stick 13.00) has been item 1B7 miles by M 
W Easicrb? (rom Sheriff Hreuw- N Yorks; Mr >*-« <3 00T ha» been «w ISI miles 
by D M GriaseU trom MgBlini! Park. B Suaaea. 


3m 2f Penalty Value £3^85 

1 00M11 MSUOMMSI M fQ tones*) N T«»Htees 5 U IOC Uretajo 

2 45R2 22 SAMIS (9) fBF) p Mann) P Hcbbs 6 U 2 — — — B tamoy (3) 

3 <»■ STasUNrp64)(RCGSmnuRB*n8112 DHemtai 

4 BROGSMUilJr BOri0ateaig)DGar»tfto51Dll M Iteyer 

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BEITWB: 6-4 Vbtey Wander, 9-4 Sw 


«, JJ. Mogaaa lady. 6-1 Stay Sony. 33-t Ite Cownby 

19M: Beefs Boy S 11 4 N WHtemson 411 Qt C Bateyl 7 ian 

- L ^ u 1 (CLASS Q £7,000 added 3m If Penalty Value £4*788 

1 14.2521 BEMSON 03) (CU) Ws E B Gaeteert N T\won^*a 6 11 6 JUrMItenel 

2 IF MASOTmW(6)tHHHWM»RAIner7116 BPw«l 

3 2- SOUMJS SMONB p7C} (Mre Cbte Thowpsto 0 MeWsn 6 13 2 W 

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SODnb Swg runs only It man was, memlfftngn 

BEnrett*-5Preo 0 ta6W,3-lBBte»«,7JS«m«liStn«fc7-ll*«iterR 1 ron. 

1994: Buetofiffl fi 11 2 P HUe 14-1 W T G®jnl) 4 ran 


A tumble race ID access wath SOUNDS STOONG pobsibly beuor rtsir Ore other three but 
vntrwut a run (ora year. Whetfter re is forward enough for the task remains to be seen 
but ne looked a to sort on ha first run for Dawl Menolson a Haydock a year aff> teran 
□at fating to 05i teid of Percy Thrower over two-and-e-ho« n* J :s. He has a mp today and 
tie hsai ports winner wifi not be unduly bothered by the fivey pound being a son rt 

Saung Gate, kb* too many wawere are wed to bunkers on thesr next start bte that is the 

ease with Bastaon. He has not beaten much and was tfirashed by Spa nish Ugn ai H ay- 
dock bm tie ai least st3ys so the others vrili have to be fit to beat him. Prorata Girl re- 
tuna from a twrwnomh rest after picking up easy money at the {£ffc. No more than a 
ptater over hurdles, she has # to prove over these stiff fences and rarer the longer top. 
Master Ryoa <s a wtoiting porter wist bags of potential. He bear a bad hooter e melon 
a Newbury and feii at The first at Kempton so s something of an unknown butthe fee*- 
tfig k he could turn out useful with ha aoure rrenei picking such a venue as this. 

1 £4J)OQ affiled 2m 5f Penalty V^ue E2J8Z1 

1 311606- NMOHHa LAD (23Q(DtU Shari f.'AJ Penan 6 U ID » 

143500 LAMIED GENTRY (USA) (7) KWMd Bar UrO C Bread 6117. 
1135P-3 VBBVQ 07) (DeMi S LJMS) Ms L Mupfy 4 11 5- 

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501AM NORIHBM WUA6E (B) (D| (Ms Haatar CfrAtoi S Dnv 8 11 ^ 

5 MJP2U- KMECXIBS MAN 0BQ (Us Arm-Manfi Darrel] J OH 8 10 0- 

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lew Ha. 

1994c tyton Casde 7 10 9 B Dunmody 100-30 (ft Ddvu 9 ran 


£5jD00 added 2m 4fllflyds Penalty Value £3^88 

1U2LU ZAMW 07)(BF) (FJ Burir) P Ecda 5120- 

1P3200- HWIBE S SeC HE DUaf (21? (K G Matey) D Mdioteon 6 U 8 WHntn 

311132 POUBiPRBEmCQ (DFLQdqw -BaBngTllB BCMIM 

01OT-3 UTAH BIPOESS (10) T D J Syitei S Melor 6 11 2 CMllMfa(5) 

522PH 3 - BEAURB>ABE (S7) (Plf-rrefl PareKO) H ATer 7 IP 8 UrPHantay 

634121 cnou-iemv (BIIOaTp^ ate Dreamr PannsdrlM Sknon Eto BIO 7 (Seri — 

14P BLESS® Of "T" v ^ J !>^PVrtatU NI*cffln-Daws5100. 

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Mnfmun lOsL ln»han~± renter aesetf Oher 9sr 12B. Rftofp Bhu Ski Sh. 

BETONte S-12 agn, MMfmh'te, MRatepm, Cjute U e a ty, S-lUmNCMfai< 7- 
1 BtearedOtaar, 14-1 orim. 

1BB4: No cniEqmtterg noa 


Dili cannot be a Hard race to win and the point of nerta Is the smooth flrst-Ome-up suc- 
cess ol HXIUIES SECRETARY last season. He would not be the first David Mctatoon- 
rratoed horse m ren on his chasmg debut it hanrtcap company and the suuqy4>rad tfridng 
looks made lor the rob. He may have won only a weak race at Twcester m January but 
hb placed efforts at Newcastle (dud to Foriaddan Time) and Doncaster (second to Go 
BafiGDC) were in decent tfEaas. Zapia s suely beatable with 12a after canring a crop- 
per at Wincanlon blowing a Fontwefl win from lime Enoutfr. This mara came out a neck 
behind PokJen Pride in a dog-figm ol Hereford last morth and a poreid pull wwSU irog- 
eest a close tnurg today. Pokfan Pride has since been up a&nst it at the vre&ns at Ex- 
eter and Wincanlon and his wnnng run from Docs Ddemma on the come In September 
Dveshmr an advantage over fiha wedosh opposition. Cyrfl Harry made Jumpvig rrus- 
tahas at Pkunpion last tune when beating Driving Force and he Has only a plater over 
hutles. There is some hope tor Titan Empress, espedaly if the ground changes. She 
won only small races over hunfles ian term bur her chase run over an inadequate tnp at 
Martel Rasen 10 tfays aff> wU haw put her soalgw for this task. Bemepake is bred 
tor Oils cnaslng game and void not be a supnse wearer on Ira reappearance, while Lud- 
low hunter wmer Massed OOwr looked a non-stayer here test rime and his tocaf trarn- 
er has Dm gekflng to his first chase with a feather weijjrL 


I £10£00added 3m If Penalty Value £6,808 

2 U 21 -U UNHOUf AllMNCE (38) (EQ BAs Shamn C Nelson) K BMv 8 12 0 . 


mill DEXRA DOVE 07) (C)(DB<iraL 0 iai|’ Systems) SmnEafe 8115., 
21F253 AgBMTS MB 1 BB. 03) g e maitf Hath re ay) D Mdrobon B 11 3 

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BEmto 5-2 Dastni Dave, 7-2 IMw|y ABeeca. Si Star Suck, Baataite, 6-1 Aribar** IkM, 
Mr Matt 7-1 Tbg of Brace. 

1994: Wsmer fcr Wlrmas fi 10 3 N VWtansar 5-1 (PJ Hobbri 6 ran 


AHIHWS MM5TREL. Arthur Stephenson's tooume when named at Bishop Auckland, 
kb just a shade botow-par wkh (tend Mcftofsan last season but he stays extra wefl, has 
a recent run under his ben so nvgfu Just stan lo 0 ck up again to a race Dm looks made 
tor ten. The top ( 2 m 7f) on his reappearance at Worcester would hove been on the sharp 
ade for hm and it was no surprise he was staying on strongly at the death behind Act Of 
Rarkament and Cokerety Bqr- This Is more las mark end last season's game wm from 
Clyde Ranger a Wetherby, plus a second to Lucky Lane at Unoxater. showed that a reri 
Ma mma test was warned. Bmfcrote lines up after a fai at Ludkw. He has a chance with 
fas pace on the ground and has a feather weighs bu he la gr*. u> Jump the course and 
truly aqr m tha better race after Stratford and Wtocanton. Dmdm Dove has also to prove 
he is a stayer. He beat a horse (Souhoft) Mo finished lame at Sandown last tone (2m) 
but he s to fine form so must rate a threat if he stays. IMaoty Altaoce is a nelly con- 
astent sort who has been rested since his Kempton mishap. He wfll be &ven every tournee 
here by Graham Bradoy bu Ow 12m may Jus* beet tan. Steer SUch ran wsfl on hu 
reappeatmee agamst Whaai Fettle and Is in e weaker race after a gaod fourth u Whs- 
penng Steel ureter FUcftard Dunwoody on ihis couree lam season. 



NEWENT HURDLE (CLASS B) £10,000 added [7"35]jr 

2m 120yds Penalty V&lne £6,710 I - TT 

141113- PUTiy ROAD (22Q (C) nilaiV Hand D fAdOSOn 5 11 7 

PLHHJO CUB^S SONG 00) (CO) (Ms Arre Deum) S Daw 5 11 4 D 

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BETTHG: 4-6 Mty Road, »-l Smateny AaSri, 4-1 teckSMOMo, 6-1 CtteTs Song. 

U» Ratos! 5 11 6 A MagJra 4-9 [D tehofeon) 4 on 

ttthB g tomd stays fast Putty Road Is gomg to find it hard work keeping tabs onSTRAM- 
8 ®RT ANGEL over ths attended two miles. Assessing Strawberry Arteri's form aslnst 
PMty Road B onpasElble tu the flRy Is a ftd -sister to Lonesome Gkiry. Htoo was ignored 
atthepiBUws com on this course three jeara When Btytha MBerga him up on the Una 
to pip Ai Mutanm at 20-L Thera wU be no fancy prices about Strawberry Ar^l today af- 
ter a «m m New Jersey just over dues weeks agp. The whole Miter fBmUy are mad teen 
o n our raong - Blythe's broher Ghip s^mpUng the denote of Worresrer when wmwg on 
Storm North a fortnight ago - end Strawberry Angel and lonesome Gfcvy are poised to 
resrane their careen tauter the eddance of Charts. Broote. Puny Road Is not In r« me- 
1 - 1,0 wa *** 0 10 kk* off over two-and-a-half against large Action at Ascot lam 

iw^ AssuntogStrawbenyAitgMisMof pace and suited by the gtiund, the soft-gound 

bring Festnel winner Putty feed has plenty to overcome at this distance. Chiefs Seng 
ts beam than Ite latest handkfap ran suggests. He trotted up from Mdata here a year 
aga and .went 0,1 ^ nlBte o* et Ascot lo bem SAver Groom. WWi toe pound and mp pist 
about n 0 tt he la net a foriom hope aid toota eesfiy better than the dteappolnttig Badigam- 

922?IS e C SBa Sl Rlreieaa: *26.<9- ThCWC 

£6837. Tikx £3830. 

33£h LJanupUDDUEERJCXlR Free) 
8-1; t Bucidw Boys 5-1; 3. M^eMton 
Bta 3- 1 tar Cast The Une. 5, IV*. 
(D ArtjuttvW). Totes £6.70: £230, £2.10, 
fiO.eo.DF: £1930 CSF: £5L05. THk 

asai. ArtaaiinwBL()4mtad»Hart) 
20-1: 2. todtehra 16 . 1 ; 3 . NtwktatPO 
« lO^L IAMB. 3-ltafBkjeStoiK . 3%. 
WML Ltoyd-James). Tote: £33.40; £7.40, 
£530, £330. DF: £6840. CSF: £26830. 
TftCW: £2.658. 9B. TntK ELOB030. NRk 
G raeelU Madwaty withdrawn n« ureter 

toders. Rule 4 tfoducjion on a5 bets, 5pm £ 
teckpot Not won. Pod of ££84536 car- 
ried fonvani to LmgBdd tomorrow. 

*«W: £24.10. Pfacepob £14.00. 
Flaw & £1831. Place & £56.66. 


0891- T 68-168 


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YOUTH POLICY: As transfer fees rocket and the pressure mounts on 
talent of tomorrow, many smaller dubs are. facing greater 


uts to uncover the multi-million Pgd 
on than ever. Guy Hodgson repo ■ 



- | © r 

I t was the autumn of 1958 and 
the rebuilding of Manches- 
ter United began with the 
record transfer fee of £45,000 
for Albert Quixall. The 
Sheffield Wednesday general 
manager, the late Eric Taylor, 
received the cash and then 

te: “The 

real price was £25,000. The oth- 
er £20,000 was for Mark Jones 
and David Pegg." 

Both players had died at 
Munich, out sympathy had not 
extended to forgiveness at 
Hillsborough, where resent- 
ment ran openly and deep 
Joaes and and Pegg had been 
Yorkshire schoolboys who 
Wednesday had anticipated 
signing. Something amiss, they 
believed, could only have 
tempted them to Old 'BaffordL 

Forty years on and similar 
bitterness seeps through the 
game. Manchester United’s 
youth policy does uot have 
the stranglehold it had when 

the dub needed to buy only one 

laver between 1951 and 1958 

ut it is the envy of every dub 
in England. The question is: are 
they getting the pick of the crop 
fairly? 1 

Last week they were charged 
with illegally poaching David 
Brown from Oldham Athletic, 
a second case involving a 
16-year-old following a hearing 
into their acquisition of Mat- 
thew Wicks two months ago. 
Brown had been with Oldham 
for five years: Wicks, an Eng- 
land schoolboy international, 
had been with Arsenal since the 
age of 14. 

If either case is proved, the 
penalty will be punitive. The E\ 
has almost unlimited powers to 
punish clubs, but a hefty fine 
and an order to pay compen- 
sation seems the most likely 
outcome, although the latter 
would be nowhere near the 
£750,000 which Arsenal are al 
leged to have demanded. 

United vigorously deny any- 
thing untoward, but neverthe- 
less their activities in the 
ambiguous world of encour- 
aging promising boys to pledge 
themselves will be investigated 
in an unprecedented way in 
modern times. “There have 
been rumours about clubs for 
years,” a spokesman at the FA 
said, “but there has never been 
any proof.” 

Proof has always been the 
problem and in a world without 
substance rumours gain a ere- 

111 - /, 

- , •*; *- 

; '-lii'-'* - , . * 

Young hopefuls: The pick of Manchester^ youth on show 

take on their City peers 

dence, particularly as emphasis 
on schoolboy football has been 
intensified because of rocketing 
transfer fees at senior level 
and the FAs new rules. Now 
dubs can sign boys as young as 
nine for their schools of excel- 
lence; until two years ago dubs 
were not allowed to have any 
link with a bey until he was 14. 

That was the theory, just as 
it is theoretically illegal to give 
inducements to parents. But 
that has always gone on and, 
as the age limit has plum- 
meted, so the potential re- 
wards have escalated. F iam 
Brady’s mother was offered a 
washing machine for her son's 
signature - not by Arsenal, it 
should be added -while other 
parents have allegedly been, 
offered new cars , or money 
as a fee “for a 

bit of scouting” 

Those are minor tempta- 
tions compared to the rewards 
available today from a child’s 
exceptional ability as a foot 
bailer. In Manchester the 

parents of a gifted eight-year 
old by file name of Kane .Jack- 
son allege they were offered 
£50,000 for theft son to join a 
dub’s school of excellence. 

it did notsto r — 

football agent Eric Hall for a 
short spell, which led in turn to 
Kane displaying his- skills to a 
20,000 crowd in Dubai. 

One First Division scout 
said he knew that dubs used in- 
ducements to tempt p romising 
boys away. “Putit this way, ” he 
said. “When you play the reaDy 
big teams the temptation is to 
rest your better players. The, 
last thing you need is letting 
them know you’ve got a 
12-year-old who could be the 
next Geotge Best You do and 
hell be out of the door. 

“the parents don’t help. 1 
had the father of one 
14-year-old come up to me and 
ask bow much we, would give 
him for the boy fo.sign. We’d - 
spent five years developing 
that boy* So much for loyalty.” 

The scout did not want his. 
words attributed. 

Kendall, as. distinguished a 
player as he was a manager, 
was the same. “One dub, I- 
won’t name them, offered my 
father moneyformefo sign but 
it didn’t do them any good. He 

of £5m are 

yon suspect, .are just two of 
many and, no ma tier whatthe - 
verdict, other dobs are likely 
to be enmeshed at complex 
.web. • ’ - '■■■ . 

The simplicity of the rules 
hides a riddle of possibilities. 

The last filing you need is letting big 

ciubs know you’ve got a 12-year-old 

who could be the next George Best 

You do and he'll be out of. the door’ 

blacklisted them. His attitude 
was that he anid.I couldn’t be 
bought." , ; 

If the pressures to get bud- 
ding talent were intense 
enough-for dubs to bend- the 
riiles when Kendall was a boy 
and when transfer fees rarely 
exceeded £100,000, they are in- 
finitely more so now that fees 

“No dub shall directly or in 
directly approach any boy,” 
Premier League regulations 
stale, “who is registered as an 
associates schoolboy with an 
.other dub, with a view to in- 
ducing the boytoregister with 
such first-mentioned club 
either as an associate school- 
boy or a trainee 

firing about the Brown al- 
legations last week, Alex Fer- 
guson, the Manchester United 
manager, was adamant that the 
dub had not broken any rules. 
“We are quite happy to answer 
the charge,” he said. “We have 
nothing at all to feel gupty. 
about In fact we were probably 
third mime to speak to the boy.. 
There were at leas two dubs 
ahead of us.” 

Wicks’ father, Steve, the 
former Lincoln City manager 
and QPR player, also rejects 
any suggestion that United 
broke the rules. “We are 
amazed at the allegations,” he 
said after attending a seven- 
hour hearing into the case m 
September. “United behaved 
properly.” _ •• 

One of the problems is that 
the world of youth football is 
gripped by rumours. Ryan 
Gigg& who lad beealplaying for 
a youth team with dose linls to 
Manchester City when he de- 
cided to sign.assodate school- 
boy forms with United eight 

years ago, is a case in point His. 
nam e crops up in nearly every 
conversation you have on the 
subject in Greater Manchester, 
yet there has never been any 
evidence of in du ce m ents and to 
many people it would appear 
entirety natural for. an escep- 
- tionalty talented youngster m 
Manchester to choose United 

.. Moreover, Jimmy Frizzell, 
City's chief scout and former 
manager, says the Giggs case 
was simpty an example of a 
geat talent slipping thioughtbe 
neL “Everybody at Manchester 
City gets blamed for letting 
Ryan through our fingers,” be 
' said, “but therewas nothing we 
could do. His father and qur 
then chief scout; Ken Barnes, 
had shaken hands on him Join- 
ing us but he hadn’t sguedany- 
thrng and he had every right to 
chm^ his mind. City did noth- 
ing wrong and neither did 
Manchester United . 

“Every dub has players who . 
slip through their fingers. Nick 

Photograph': Victoria Matthe§i| 

Baimby ..joined 
when everyone expected Inm tejj 
go. to Old Trafiford andeven;« r 
; when you sign |>layers you 
don’t always get it right. United 
had David Platt on their bodes 
and released him because they, 
thought he’ wasn’t good 
• ehough.”' . 

. Frizzell feels the FA regain-: 
UoBS shduld .be tightened tb 
give dubs a tighter hold on 
their prodigies, but accepts 
thMthey are deliberately lax to 

nmumi hnuc Ki»mo tit* A hpffWft 

they are old enough to make, 
a decision which, after all; 
could make or break then 
lives. “There are no easy 
answers,” he concedes. 

■ “I can’t even condemn 
parents who ask for induce- 
ments to sign,” he continued. 
“You’re lucky it ypujgrt one boy 
in 10 who makes it to the first 
team. It’s a huge casualty iate 
and who can Marne a father for 
wanting something in his son’s 
pi ggy bank for. taking what is 
a huge gamble?” 


1 965 .* 

jpn* and owe 

It is hard to find the next Mi 


You need only to look at an 
atlas and the regulations per- 
taining to schoolboys and 
football centres of excellence 
to appreciate Oldham Ath- 
letic's problems. Nine to 14- 
year-olds are not allowed to 
be affiliated with clubs more 
than an hour’s drive away, 
which puts no fewer than 
eight Premiership dubs with- 
in the compass of local talent 

The M62 might have 
opened the Pennines, but for 
Oldham it brought Liverpool 
and Everton within range 
which, when, you ace already 
trying to compete with the 
attractions of Old Traffbrd and 
Maine Road, is just about the 
last thingyou need. It is hard 
to find the next Mike M3Kgan 
in that context nevermind the 
future Ryan Giggs. 

Which is precisely what 
the man who helped discov- 
er Milligan - twice trans- 
ferred for a total of £1.8m - 
has to do. Jim Cassell, Old- 
ham’s chief scout, heads 35 
full and part-time staff trying 
to attempt the improbable: 
persuading the flower of 

youth that they will bloom 
better at Boundary Park and 
the First Division than the 
Premiership glamour at An- 
field or Elland Road. 

‘It’s difficult,” Cassell who 
has been acting on Oldham’s 
behalf for 20 years, conceded. 
“We’re competing in a par- 
ticularly tough neck of the 
woods. Spotting players like 
Ryan Giggs is the easy part, 
it’s getting them to sign for 
you that is hard. And it’s get- 
ting harder because everyone 
now has a youth policy." 

Mention of Giggs gAve rise 
to questions about Oldham’s 
current dispute with Man- 
chester Umted over David 
Brown, although Cassell 
would say nothing for fear he 
mightprejudice the club’s 
case. The irony is not lost on 
him that he entered the pro- 
fessional game at Old 'Oaf- 
ford as a contemporary of 
George Best. “All I will say is 
that they didn’t offer my 
mother a thing for me,” he 

Oldham run five sides for 
boys aged 12 to 16, on top of 

A, B, reserve and first-team 
squads, and Cassell watches 
between four and six matches 
a week. Even so he is depen- 
dent on others. “Scouting is 
team work," he said. “Scott 
McNiven has broken through 
this year and I expect I'U get 
pats-on the back for that but 
my attention will have been 
drawn to him by a scout in 
that particular area. Then 
you try to sell the dub to him. 

“In fairness, we have at- 
tractions at Oldham too. We 
have a reputation for putting 
young players in the first 
team, so although we cannot 
offer the material rewards 
or the glamour of the big 
clubs we can honestly offer a 
great opportunity of a career 
m the game. You have only to 
look at David Platt and Lee 
Dixon to prove there is more 
than one route to get to the 
top. They were free transfers 

Oldham's crowning achieve- 
ments of recent times are their 
stay in the top division be tween 
1991 and. 1994, and their 
reaching the Littlewoods Cup 

final in 1990.,That team was 
created on the backs of the 
■. scouting network, Andy Bar- ■ 
low, Milligan and Nick Henry , 
rising from the youth pro- 
gramme, Paul Warhurst, : 
Dennis Irwin and Earl Barrett 
- being picked up for small ,. 
change. “I don't think we’ll 1 
ever hit such a rich seam of 
talent again,” he said. 

So iwhat does he seek in a 
player?“Witb a boyyou look 
for something he’s not going 
.to lose," he answered. “Blis- 
tering pace, for Maniple, or : 
a super left idol. At semor 
level l always think, Ts he. 
better than what you’ve got? ’ 
Of course, the bottom .litte - 
with an experienced playeris 
whether you can afford him.' ' 

“We have to sell to survive 
and our philosophy is not-to ; 
regret that, but to look ait ft as ’f 
creating an opportunity for. - 
another boy. All we ask for is 
'for fairness when it conies to vi 
attracting'young footballers/ 
The people who pay their 
money at Bdundary Park have 1 : 
as much right as anybody rise 
to watch good footballers." ’ “ 

Forest the focus of attention 

Coogan’s Run. 930pm, this Friday , BBC2. 

BBC2 is proud to announce the arrival 

of seven Sieve Coogans. 

This Friday it’s the turn of the salesman 

from hell: Gareth Chcescman. 

By the time Blackburn Rovers’ 
seventh goal went in on Satur- 
day the chant of “there's only 
one team in Europe” sounded 
hollow, even to its authors, the 
Nottingham Forest fans. 

Technically, Rovers are still 
in Europe - they play Spartak 
Moscow in Russia tomorrow 
afternoon. Effectively, however, 
they are ouL Qualification for 
the next stage of the Champions 
League -is beyond them and 
England's European focus has 
switched to Forest 

They meet Otympique 
Lyonnais at the City Ground 
tonight knowing that victory 
over the two legs will make 
them the first British team to 
quality for the post- Christmas 
stage of the Uefa Cup in four 

Despite Saturday’s thrashing, 
the portents are good. English 
dubs have lost twice in 18 
Anglo-French European ties 
and the continuing hegemony 
does appear to have a psycho- 
logical effect on the Rendu 

Glenn Moore on a severe French test 
facing Britain's only real hope in Europe 

Lyon are 15th in the French and Clark admitted: “I cannot 
league - not one of Europe’s imagine ft will be as tough as 
strongest -and do not field a cur- against Auxerre. We were 
rent French international. This stretched to the limit for 180 
is only their second foray into min utes 
Europe in 20 j seasons, although Mark Crossley’s outstand- 

tbey were Qip-Winners’ Cup ing display then led to specu- 
se mi-finalists in 1964. Jation that he might playfor 

However, they beat Lazio Scotland, for whom he is qual- 
home and away m the last round ified through his grandmother 
which, Frank Clark said, “was Cynics suggested that his per- 
probably the result of the round, formance on Saturday proved 
Thqr looked short of confidence his eligibility for the Sorts be- 
wtien 1 saw then - in a bottom yond doubt, although Clark 
of the table goalless draw - but would prefer him hot to 
we have seen the videos of the “It makes it difficult for me 
Lazio rames and they looked a with Uefa’s foreigner limitations 
v erydiSerent proposition- if he becomes Scottish " Clark 
“They are a typical French said. He already has to juggle 
side. Very good technically and with Bryan Roy (Dutch! Andrea 
qmte mobfle. They are a better Sflenzi (Italian), Alf Inge Haland 
side than their league position (Norwegian), ScotGemmS 
suggests. (Scottish) and David Phillins 

Forest were regarded as for- Chiles), while the reserved? 
tuuate to beat another French keeper, Tbmmy Wright is Iran 
dub, Auxene, m the last round Northern Ireland. ft0m 

Much depends on' how 
Foresfand Crossley in partic- 
ular, react to Saturday’s maul- 
ing. That match was watched by 
Bernard Laoombe, once noted 
for scoring the fastest goal in-a 
World Cup match (after 38 sec-, 
onds against Italy during 
Argentina '78, it was eclipsed by 
Bryan Robson's -a gains t France 
later). Lacombe, now 
Lyon’s director of football, wisety 
said his team “would not be read- 
ing too much into the result”. 

However, itisboundtoberdr 
®vant- If Forest react posftxvety 
they ought to progress.Thedr soi/ 
cess has been based on a well- 
organized midfield who :work 
hard when they do not have the 
ball and break quickly when 
they do. 

Roy wfl] delay a cartilage bp- 
eratioD to play, while his for- 
ward partner, Jason Lee, has * 
fitness test on a thig h injury. 
Both centre-backs are doubtful’ 
Colin Cooper with a suspected 
virus and Steve Chettle with a 
back problem. : - ^ . 



, \ 

,'^d '■ 

*y\ ^ \o.& 


'" v 4 


V n* 

:■?- .W. W -A 





hit by Uefa 



The heads of the sport's six re- 
gional confederation vesterdav 
endoreed a series of reforms pn^- 
posed by Uefa, the Eu rowan 
governing body, which reduced 
the powers of Joan Havelange. 
the president of Fifa. and Forced 
the world's governing both - 10 
share their World Cup revenue 
more evenly. 

Havelange met the heads of 
Europe, Africa, Asia. Oceania, 
North and Central America at 
Fifa headquarters in Zurich and 
agreed that they should have 
greater control of the sport in 
their own regions plm, a bigger 
say in choosing Fifa's powerful 
standing committees. 

But two of the most impor- 
tant proposals by Uefa - for t he 
World Cup finals to be rotated 
among the confederations and 
for reform of Fifa's executive 
committee - were shelved. 

“What more can you ask 
for? I’m very happy,” said the 
Uefa president. Lennart Jo- 
hansson. who brought a long- 
running power struggle into 
the open by pushing the reform 

“We are happy with the 
result, but we do not look at 
ourselves as winners. There 
arc no winners or losers - 
every decision we took was 

Uefa published two strategy 
documents in July, dubbed 
Vision One and Vision Two. 
The first dealt with the power 
balance between Fifa and the 
confederations, and the need 
for more democracy after 20 
years of Havelangc's rule. 

The other proposal urged 
Fifa to adopt competitive mar- 
keting of the World Cup finals 
and said the revenues should be 
shared out more evenly 
between Fifa, the confeder- 
ations and 190 or so national 

Uefa claimed that the 1994 
World Cup finals in the United 
States, one of the most suc- 
cessful sporting events ever 
held, produced only £1 2.26m in 
television and marketing rev- 
enues and believed ti was pos- 

sible to make four times that 
figure in 2002. 

Fifa acknowledged that they 
should optimise, although not 
necessarily maximise. World 
Cup revenues and share the 
profits throughout lhe various 
levels of the sport. 

.Among lhe formal decisions 
made, which will go forward to 
an executive committee meet- 
ing in Paris next month and 
then to the Fifa Congress in 
Zurich in July, were that new- 
national associations would 
have to apply first to their re- 
spective confederations for 
recognition instead of to Fifa. 

The confederations nig have 
sole responsibility for player 
transfer; in their regions and for 
organising all qualifying rounds 
of Fifa competitions, except for 
the World Cup. 

The meeting also ereaicd 
an entirely new “management 
board”, which would fix the 
agenda for Fifa's executive 
committee. The board will 
comprise the presidents of Fifa 
and the six confederations. ] 

Meanwhile, the Cameroon | 
football federation is in a 
turmoil which is threatening to 
keep the team out of inter- 
national competitions. Officials 
said yesterday that an extra- 
ordinary congress of the foot- 
ball federation had failed to 
resolve the dispute which began 
when Cameroon’s sports min- 
ister, Joseph Marie Bipoun. 
sacked the federation's execu- 
tive in June, accusing it of had 
management of World Cup 

That incurred the wrath of 
Fifa. who said Lhe minister did 
not have the power to sack the 
executive, and Fifa has given 
the Cameroon authorities un- 
til 30 November to pul their 
house in order or face exclusion 
from competitions, starting 
with the African Nations Cup 
finals in January. 

Officials said the weekend 
meeting never got round to ex- 
amining the main points on the 
agenda, including the election 
of a new executive. The three 
days of talks got bogged down 
in who was el igible lo'stand for 

Over the top: San Diego's Rodney Culver (fives across a pile of bodies during the 30-27 defeat by Denver Broncos 

Photograph: Karl Gehring/AP 

Stewart caps Steelers’ recovery 

American football 


It has been an odds-defying sea- 
son, and when the half-time 
score from Riverfront Stadium 
was flashed across America's 
TV screens a nation of armchair 
punters could be forgiven for 
concluding that they had just 
found this week’s shock. The 
Pittsburgh Steelers were trailing 
the Cincinnati Bengals31-13, and 
another upset seemed there for 
the staking. 

The biggest surprise was still 
to come though. The Steeler 
offense, which has frequently car- 
ried all the menace of a UN 

mandate, did not so much slip 
into gear, as zoom into warp 
factor eight. Thirty-six unan- 
swered points later the Steelers 
had won 49-31. 

Neil O'Donnell threw two 
touchdown passes and the 
much-criticised Bam Moms ran 
for three more in the final 22 
minutes, but the name really to 
look out for in future is Koniell 

Stewart, an outstanding 
quarterback in college, plays 
back-up to O'Donnell and at 
wide receiver. He created a sen- 
sation when he threw a TD 10 
days’ ago against Cleveland, 
and on Sunday caught a 71-yard 
TD pass for the go-ahead score. 

“Kordell Stewart gives them a 
different dimension on offence, 
he’s tough to defence,” the 
Cincinnati head coach. Dave 
Simla, said. 

Normal service was resumed 
by the Dallas Cowboys, after their 
error- ridden defeat by the San 
Ftemcbco 49eis last week. They 
travelled to Oakland to take on 
a Raider team widely regarded 
as being the closest to them in 
terms of overall talent A 34-21 
Cowboy victory put both teams’ 
seasons in perspective: the Cow- 
boys are still the best in the 
league, lhe Raiders still some way 
from matching their bravado. 
Emroiti Smith ran for 111 yards 
and a hat-trick of TDs. 

On Thursday, Thanksgiving 
Day, the Cowboys play host to 
the Kansas Gty Chiefs, whose 
10-1 record is the best in the 
league. The Chiefs, who appear 
to play better without Joe Mon- 
tana than with him, wanned up 
for their severest test with a vic- 
tory at home to Houston that was 
a lot closer than it should have 
been. With the soorc 13-13 inside 
the final minute, the Chiefs 
seemed destined for their fourth 
overtime game of the season. But 
with 15 seconds left Mark Collins 
scooped up Todd McNairs 
fumble for a late maldiwinner. 

The annual Wryne Ponies job- 
saving exercise is already under- 
way m Detroit, with the Lions 

head coach, whose beleaguered 
status has become almost as tra- 
ditional as the Thanksgiving 
game, this time having his inse- 
curity made official WilHam Clay 
Ford, who awarded Fbntes a new 
contract atthe end of last season, 
said recently: “Take our roster and 
evaluate it. Put our team up 
against just about anybody ebe’s 
personneLWe’re pretty good. 
Three and six [the Lions' record 
at the time] is pretty had.” 

Five and six, the Lions’ record 
after the defeat of the Chicago 
Bears, is a bit better but Fontes 
knows that unless the Lions 
make the play-offs this year he 
will attain the same status in 
Detroit as the Model T Histoiy. 

Sigsworth heads Hull shortlist 

Rugby League 


Phil Sigsworth, the former 
Australian full-back, has 
emerged as a front-runner for 
the vacant coach's job at Hull. 
Sigsworth, the former New- 
town, Manly and Canterbury 
player, who’ appeared for the 
Kangaroos in 19S1. is in the 
country and is being inter- 
viewed for the position. 

Although Stephen Ball, the 
Hull chief executive, said that 
Sigsworth’s is one name on a 
shortlist of three or four can- 
didates, be is regarded on Hum- 
berside as the strong favourite 
to get the nod. 

Others who have been men- 
tioned are two other Aus- 
tralians, Shaun McRae, a 

member of their World Cup 
coaching staff, and Darryl Van 
de Velde, the fonner Castle ford 
coach, as well as the fonner Hull 
and New Zealand player, Ga rv 

“Those names are just spec- 
ulation,’" said Ball, who may be 
able to announce an official de- 
cision later this week. 

Since retiring as a player, 
Sigsworth has coached in the 
Metropolitan Cup competition 
in Sydney, taking charge of the 
Ryde-Eastwood club last 
season. Phil Windley, who had 
been coaching Hull this season 
while a full-time appointment 
was considered, resigned last 

Ken Arthurson, the executive 
chairman of the Australian 
Rugby League, is to meet rep- 
resentatives of the clubs who 

Beeston challenge for Hull 


The draw for the fourth round 
of the Hockey Association Cup 
has been kind to the leading 
teams with seven of the eight 
First Division sides who are 
playing lesser opposition being 
drawn at home. 

The exception is Hull who are 
at the foot of the First Division 
and have not played a home cup 
tie for five years. They are 
again drawn away and play 
Beeston who lead the Second 

There are three all First Divi- 
sion ties, two of which are repeats 
of last weekend's league match- 
es. Hounslow are at home to Ha- 
vant. The teams met in the 1991 


(7.30 unless stated) 


Nottingham Forest v Lyon (8.0) 

hwen V Wwfcr 

.Roma BcxdfiflW V 8 b« 17 01: SBrffev 
Barcelona (9-0)! Stowa Prague v lens (3.351. 


ArtfBrtvBofinorltaabfM® - 

Brighton v Camay Island 

Bristol Oty vBwmHHOutt (7 A5) 

Enfield V NWptet toW ■ 

GHntfwnvWyconlw (7.4S) — • 

Sutton Utd v KMde nrtn elwr — — — 

WjfM v Hwneofn (7.45) ■ — - 

Waiting v Bairn* (7-45) — 

Wrexham v Hufl Ctty — ■ — 


Arceaal « StaftMd YMaestwjlABl~- 

Mddtesbrangh v Tottenham {7.4SJ-—— 


Barnsley v Portsmouth (MS) — 

BJnntaghnm v Dwtuy (7-*®) 

Chariton v Reading CMS) — — — -- - 

final which Hounslow won 3-2 but 
Havant's 4-1 victory on Saturday 
is likely to be more significanL 

Cannock travel to Surbiton 
having just beaten Lhe Surrey 
side 3-0. The third clash is a 
London derby between Indian 
Gymkhana and Teddington. 

The six regional league sides 
have all drawn National League 
opposition with only Harbome 
ana 'Wimbledon against Slough 
and Gloucester Cry respective- 
ly enjoying home advantage. 

Norton’s reward for dispos- 
ing of First Division BournviJIe 
is a visit to Guildford, the Cup 
holders. Chichester, the other 
giant-killers who toppled 
Crostyx face Firebrands an- 
other Second Division side. 

Kndenfleld v Leicester (7-45) 

Oldham v MWwaB (7.45) — 

ShcflMd Utd w Grimsby (7 AS) — 

WdtfMri v Luton (7-45) — - 

West Bnmnrich v NornHch (7.45) 

gm vAUXHAii cwffiteree 

BnxmgrosM v Hedmsftxd (7.45)— 

Rugby Union 

B4g|85-6onJeaiB v Cartbfl (7.0). 

TOUR HATCH: Otfwd UnNv WOtem Samoa 

CLUB MATCHES: Sana * Aberavon (7.0); 
EUw Vole v Swansea Unv (7.0): Exeter v 
Taunton (7.30); Glanoi^n wanderers v 
toes JtejS (7.0); wmwnpnn V Lott* 

v international Select (a uanelB. 7.0). 

Other sports 

RALLYING; Network Q RAC Rally third leg 
(Gasterra Chester). 

SNOOKER: Royal tiwr Assurance UKCham- 
plonsOO (Preston): World Amateur Champ- 
ionship (BrettH). 

have declared their loyalty to the 
ARL to discuss a possible com- 
promise with the breakaway 
Super League. 

Arthurson has had meetings 
with News Limited, the insti- 
gators of Super League, and an 
agreement between the media 
barons Rupert Murdoch and 
Kerry Packer over television 
rights has been reached. AR1. 
clubs. however, will inevitably 
argue against any deal that 
puls iheir future at risk. 

Tvo of Axlhurson's adver- 
saries, John Ribot and Maurice 
Lindsay, the Super League 
chiefs in Australia and Britain 
respectively , are on their way 
to Los Angeles for a major 
meeting on the way ahead. 
Representatives from Britain's 
Super League clubs will arrive 
there by the weekend. 

American football 

NFL: Atlanta 31 St UMs 6: Caroma 27 Arctra 
7: Detroit 24 Chcaff 17: PRtstuflr 49 Cmon 
iuD 31: Green Bat 31 Oewtand 20: imanapo- 
lie 24 New Engand 10; PMBdefctre 2B NY Gfcws 
lft Tampa Bay 17 Jatfcorwfle 16; Seattle 27 
WAstnflfaon 20; Derm 30 San Dieff) 27: Uov 
nasoa <*3 Mete Queens 24; Bufbto 28 MV Jets. 
26: Dallas 34 QoUend 21: Kansas City 20 Hous- 
W 13. 



Buffalo 3 3 0 223 196 

Miami 6 4 0 255 161 

IndtonapeHe 6 5 0 210 210 

Now England 4 7 0 177 242 

MV Jets a 0 0 163 285 


Pittsburgh -.7 A 0 277 242 

OndnnsH 4 7 0 289 277 

OetmiatKi A 7 0 101 244 

Houston - 4 7 0 231 223 

Jacksonville 3 8 0 184 250 


Kansas City ....... 10 1 0 265 161 

Neil Harmon of Leeds and 
Terry Matterson of the London 
Broncos will be free to take 
pan in their clubs' Regal 
Trophy tics at the weekend af- 
ter being found to have no case 
to answer despite being placed 
on report for incidents in 
games last week. 

London are expected to an- 
nounce their permanent home 
in Lhe capital at Charlton Ath- 
letic today, and remain keenly 
interested in Barrie-Jon 
Mather, despite Wigan’s 
threat to lake out an injunc- 
tion against any club that tries 
to sign him. 

Another Wigan World Cup 
player, Andrew Farrell has 
been told that he will be out for 
up to six weeks and will need an 
operation to dear up a groin 

Henman into 
top 100 for 
first time 

Newcastle grounded 
by high-flying Fife 


Tim Henman, the British No 2, 
has broken into lhe top lOOintbe 
world for Lhe first lime. He has 
climbed from 111 to 99 thanks 
to his victory in the ATP Chal- 
lenger tournament in Reunion 

It is just reward for a pun- 
ishing schedule which also gave 
him a win in the ATP Chal- 
lenger in Seoul last month, vic- 
tory over the British No 1 Greg 
Rusedski to give him the 
national title at Telford and a 
place in the semi-finals of the 
ATP Challenger in Beijing. 

Rusedski is at No 38 and Pete 
Sampras finished as No 1 for the 
third consecutive season. 

Ice hockey 


The 4,000 fans who flocked to 
Newcastle Warriors' new home 
to see them take on Fife Flyers 
in the Premier Division were 
swiftly brought down to earth. 

A Mike Morrison goal and 
two from Chris Palmer made it 
3-1 to Fife in the first period, 
effectively ending the contest. 
Despite the two sides matching 
each other in the next two 
periods, Fife won 64 to leave 
Newcastle at the bottom of the 

Top are Cardiff Devils, who 
met Durham Wasps in a four- 
pointer. Cardiff were without 
the injured Ivan Matulik, and 
Mike Ware was called on to fill 


Chicago. 7 





Houston 7 

Utah.- 5 

San Antonio — J5 



eofdM State- 

1 .875 

3 .667 t«S 

3 .625 2 

5 J7S 4 

7 JOT 2^ 
7 .300 S 

6 SSO B 

7 .222 BVi 

1 .era 
s .BOO 

2 .750 1 

4 .556 a«/i 

8 .200 6 
7 .125 S 

& .111 CWl 

3 .700 

4 .600 1 

4 .600 1 

4 .600 1 

5 .444 
G 333 

6 333 3tj 

Oakland B 3 

DonWBf 6 5 

SaattM 3 B 

San Diego A T 


(Mu —.9 2 

PMadMphlo _„7 4 

WtaMngun 3 8 

Arizona — 3 8 

NVGlama 3 8 


0 265 161 

0 271 187 

0 249 201 

0 249 273 

0 196 238 

0 319 202 

0 335 248 

0 227 268 

0 171 289 

0 199 248 

WGMQTSFKST TEST (CaicdlB. that Oufl: Enfr 
lard 209 Mr 6 dec U BrttBn B41 and 28 fbr 2; 
India 315 for 6 dec (A ialn 110, S Data 50nci. 

Match drown. 


Vinny Samways, the Everon midfiekJ- 
er, has turned down the chance of a 

lev. Chcstt*-u?-5u«i or wnKMwm » lya uwn 
Easngvn Ccany or Cnsen Town v Arstey Nomaes 
Soidnwre Si MctweK v Tiaifoni: Bemaii » Mau- 
ler, Mutton or Corson * SoUr- Owwrea v Vam- 
shiro Amateurs or West Auckland To«; 
Iharromead v Brentwood; WiUenhail v Lseghton 
loan or Cn*W Si Men VWnstaUe loin v Peoae- 
haeen and TefccwnOr: T«uy v feeley; Stkte Gnan 
<r D<u Town; Nontnrood v GoriesMn; Wnenhoe v 
Eo&ora Town: Raunds Town or HmcMey Artienc 
v Furness or Sawnogewonr: Canvay Island * Boo- 
lore Town: Hampton * Conor Row; Taunton Town 
or BrackreSvChWnhomiBndponv Windsor and 
Earn; Lymngsn » Dwtau or Benop Sunorc Wffae- 
luwfcvSanstMd Aihiatc: Burgess HUivPoshore 
Touc Tapom AMees r Chard Tcum PaJKn farm 
v Falmouth Tews Tampon » Crecnestef Coy: 
Hunertail v Mangosfeid tinted, rmnbepa yed 
on Saturday. 9 December 9, 3pm. 


A Seniors lour event is to be played in 
Turkey. Prize money of around 
£ 1 00.000 will tie on offer in the Ogjr 
Tours Turkish Seniors Open at the Na- 
tional Goff Club in Antalya from 6-12 
May. David Ffeherty the Ryder Cup play- 
er, and his fellow Ulsterman, David 
Jones, designed the course. 

Oaks, call) ThH-mind aero (US tniaa* stat- 
ed): 184 M Catreveeetoa one S EJhnaon tAusl 
W 61 58. 185 L Janen and C Beck 6966 57. 
187 F Couples and B Fattn 68 62 57; T Lehman 
and 0 Duval 66 61 60. 188 G Norman (Ausi and 
R Bowl 63 65 50. 188 H own and Burrow* 67 
63 59. T Nteand 1 Hobs 64 88 59. 182 P Ja- 

his role in attack rather than 
defence. The tactical ploy 
proved a masterstroke as 
Cardiff emerged 7-3 winners, 
with Randy Smith netting a 

The Devils wiD also be grate- 
ful to Slough Jets, who broke 
their six -game losing streak 
with two draws. Their best per- 
formance came against Fife 
where, with four minutes left, 
they were trailing 5-2. But four 
goals without reply gave them 
tbe lead and only Chris Palmer 
saved the Scots' blushes. With 
two minutes remaining his goal 
secured a point. 

Slough repeated the 6-6 
scoreline against Wasps, this 
time Kip Noble's intervention 
preventing Durham's defeat, 
again with two minutes left. 

Rugby Union 

Wasps and Wtest Hartlepool have re- 
arranged iheir 4 November abandoned 
match fbr Saturday. 13 January. The 
match was halted as Wasps were lead- 

earn the 
of Cotton 

Rugby Union 

The former England players 
Fran Cotton and Tony Jordcn 
have united in condemning 
calls to end divisional fixtures 
against louring teams. 

In probably the last season of 
the CIS Divisional Champ- 
ionship. Cotton, the North 
chairman, and Jorden, the Lon- 
don manager, want to retain the 
divisions for matches against 
international sides. 

Their stance has already 
received the backing of the 
Rugby Football Union Com- 
mission. which came out in 
favour of maintaining the divi- 
sional games against touring 

Cotton and Jorden described 
the pleas from the Leicester 
president. Peter Wheeler, and 
the Bath centre, Phil de 
Glanville. for a club-based fix- 
ture list against visiting countries 
as “bom out of self-interest, not 
England's interest". 

The Cotton-Jordcn state- 
ment said: “There are probably 
only two or three clubs in the 
country that could provide ap- 
propriate opposition." They 
claim matches against touring 
sides should “be testing grounds 
for potential internationals". 

“International rugby is 
played by representative teams, 
not dub teams, and the only way 
to establish if a player can 
make the transition is to lest him 
in a representative team,” they 

The former England prop 
and former England full-back 
pointed out that playing club 
rugby “means playing in famil- 
iar surroundings". “Inter- 
national rugby is not like that." 
they added. 

They also state that clubs 
have multi-national line-ups - 
reducing the chance of English 
players racing stronger opposi- 
tion. Cotton and Jorden also 
claim that England’s strongest 
clubs - Leicester, Bath, Wasps 
and Harlequins - would bene- 
fit from the inclusion of players 
from other clubs into an area 

They believe Transvaal 
should be appearing against 
(divisions rather than clubs on 
their current tour and point out 
that six International Board 
nations field representative 
teams against tourists. However, 
they are willing to compromise 
and suggest that the Courage 
League champions and Pilk- 
ington Cup winners could be 
granted a game against touring 

Mike Rayer, who has started 
just two senior matches after 
being out for a year with a 
double break of his right leg, 
steps straight into European 
action at Stade Andre-Moga 
tonight when he lines up for 
Cardiff in their opening 
Heineken Cup Pool B match 
against B&gles-Bordeaux. 

The Wales full-back faces 
the formidable French club 
aftergames against AbertiUeiy 
and Fiji, plus a couple of 
matches as a replacemenL 

By opting for the 30-year-old 
Rayer's experience ahead of 
Chris John, the Welsh club 
champions field a side contain- 
ing 14 full internationals - the 
Wales A prop Andrew Lewis is 
the odd man out in a side miss- 
ing the injured Jonathan Davies. 


Wtt TOUffi CmmONSWFS |NM Ydt*J: B- 
aafc G Grerf iflen « a Hutwr (Gtti 6-1 2-6 
6-1 4-6 6-3. 

MIL Bulfaio 6 Ottawa ti. PWaMpha 3 Vancojuei 
2; Ftoftda 4 Anaflem 3: Sar Jrae 3 Crogj 2. 


Ftttebaigh 11 3 3 84 45 25 

UomrtMl 11 7 0 58 48 22 

Buffalo 9 9 1 65 57 19 

9 1 39 54 18 

9 3 81 65 15 

13 O SO 73 12 

Ottawa 6 


Horida 15 

PMadetptita 12 

NVRangara 11 

N*w Jervoy ID 

W Mt imgtoo —9 

Tamps 5 

MY teianifeto 3 

15 5 1 75 51 31 
12 6 4 77 52 28 


WORLD CUP (Bamnr Crash. Colorado} lies'* 

Tenpin bowling 

Gemma Burden, the 17 -year-old Briton, 
became the youngest Wtorfd Cup Cham- 
plon in the ewnfs 31-yesr hejorv when 
she won the women's final in Sao Rauto, 
Brazil, on Sundw r«^L Top-seeded Bur- 
den achieved a hat-tnek of strikes In the 
final frame to take the title alter she 
had appeared destined for defeat 
the American, Kendra Cameron. 

‘Apart from Kimberley, it has rained during every game so far, and I 
for the last three and a third days England were not so much in * 
need of the services of captain Atherton as captain Nemo' X 

RAC RALLY: Scot hits a rock in a hard place but overcomes two punctures to close on Sainz 



to risk 



reports tram Chester 

Colin McRae had to revert to 
type yesterday, casting off the 
cloak of composure to kick and 
fight his way back into con- 
tention for the World Rally 
Championship in the manner of 
some latter-day BravehearL 

The Scot’s apparent com- 
mand of the Network Q RAC 
Rally became an heroic struggle 
against the odds after two punc- 
tures in die notorious Kieldcr 
threatened to sabotage his hopes. 
He effected emergency, not to 
say crude, repairs to his Subaru 
arid went on the charge again. 

At the halfway point, he had 
reduced a deficit of Imin 14 sec 
to 39 seconds behind the leader, 
his team-mate Carlos Sainz. 
the only man who stands be- 
tween McRae and Lhe distinc- 
tion of becoming Britain's first 
world rally champion. 

Misfortune in the Mitsubishi 
camp conveniently left the Sub- 
aru pair at the head of the field. 
The overnight leader, Tommi 
Makinen of Finland, was forced 
to retire after clipping a log on 
the day's first stage, damaging 
his suspension and subse- 
quently breaking his transmis- 
sion. Sweden s Kenneth 
Eriksson, in Lhe other Mit- 
subishi. hit the rock which 
caused McRae's first puncture 
and slipped to third. 

That opening stage revealed 
McRae’s hand. The posturing of 
the Sunday show stages behind 
them, the 27-year-old advanced 
from third place to a lead of 27 
seconds over Eriksson, 43 sec- 
onds over Sainz. And then they 
arrived in Kielder. A thini of the 

way in to the world champ- 
ionship’s longest stage, the 36.61 

ionship’s longest stage, the 36.61 
miles of Pundershaw, McRae 
ran over an unaccommodating 
rock. He said: "By the time we 
saw the rock it was far too late 
at the speed we were going, so I 
hit iL and the tyre went soft very 

Sainz also had his problems. 
He reached the end of the 
stage with severe overheating. 
The stage wreaked havoc. 
Eriksson, too, lost two minutes 
after damaging the front offside 
of his car on that fiendish rock. 
Malcolm Wilson, the 39-year- 
old Cumbrian, rolled his Ford 
Escort into a ditch and had to 
concede it was the end of his ral- 

ly. Allster McRae rolled his Es- 
cort. but was able to continue. 

His brother. Colin, resumed 
with defiant and unrivalled 
pace. Sainz reported his over- 
heating problem had been 
cured but was powerless to 
prevent McRae making up 11 
seconds on the next stage, an- 
other four ou the one after. 

At Kershope, however, 
McRae encountered another 
test of his resolve. Seven miles 
from the end of the stage be had 
a second puncture, and dam- 
aged suspension and bodywork. 
He not only made it to the fin- 
ish but still managed to take a 
further two seconds off Sainz’s 
advantage. McRae resorted to 
brute force and a log to make 
temporary repairs and then 
drove the 45 miles to the more 
orthodox service. 

His Subaru duly tended, he 
revived his magnificent assault 
on the final two stages, at 
Grizedale, in the Lake District. 
McRae closed in by another IS 
seconds. McRae said last night* 
“The problem to the suspension 
was not as bad as it looked but 
the punctures were much more 
trouble. I'm going as quick as I 
can to try to close up the mas- 
sive lead Carlos had and I'm 
happy I’ve closed some of iL" 

Sainz said: “He’s been lucky 
and taking a lot of risks. If he 
had damaged his suspension on 
a stage where another stage 
came straight after, he would 
have been out of the contest. 1 
don't have any tactics for stay- 
ing ahead, except driving as 
quickly as I can." 

NEIWORKQ RAC RAlUfLaadhi£ standings 
after 14 stages: 1 C San^A. Moya (Sp) Sub- 
orn 2tv 33mm 37sec; 2 C McfiaaU ranger 
(GB) Subaru 2:34.16: 3 K EnkssorVS Par- 
mander (Swe) Mitsubishi 225.36; 4 R 
Bute/R Raid (GB) Siisnj 226.44; 5 B TTuyS 
Preset iBeft Port 226.49; BA McRaoCWood 
(GB) Fort 2:28.05; 7 G De Mewus/JM Fortin 
(Ben F«d 2:34.16.- 8 A Navam/R Ct rstna 
OU Toyota 235.05: B R MaderaW Siva (Port 
MtsUwbi 237.07; 10 G EvarWH Dantes lGB» 
Ford 2:37.24. 

- ^ '• . • v/, : .1. ■ ; V . 

v r- •' 

...V - * - 

>• • 

■' : > 

■ ■ . r ' .tJ v-' ■ 

Leg 3, Tues 21 Nov 

: •'i' ' 

Dytnart 07.30 Start i 

Hafren 09.03, 

Htfren 16.48 

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.ft-.T . „• v • 

■ W ■ 

. • . - ; X- *j : ■ ' '■ .. y J , 

■ ' ’-x ’■ VCl'-J' ??':■ ■ 

i I rfCetn 14.43 
*jJ. AP*<7&ydian 14.16 
Brechta Trawscoed 12-29 
11 J< 


NoJSJ7. Ibesday 2t November 


Monday's Solution 

13 1 4 5 

U4| 115 

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Brady leaves Brighton 



H6T [rn 118 

\W\ 120 



One inhabiting South 
America adopts custom in 
food (5,7) 

Account includes repair of 

chair that's old (7) 

9 Magistrate has silly nit ar- 
rested, an unconventional 

■ K 1 * 17 ) 

11 Rag scores as means of 
raising money for charity? 

12 Poor python gets nothing 
to eat in storm (7) 

13 A Glaswegian races to 
England? (5) 

14 They’re cool solving crime 
case (3-6) 

16 It'll cope with one full of 
beans, making one prance 
around (3-6) 

Copper seen on Spanish 
river that's an interesting 
thing (5) 

Observed navy, badly re- 
duced in size (4-3) 
Worker found squirrel's 
nest over on island (7) 
Bloke is ordered to make 
a pillar (7) 

Put on a pedestal that is 
solid in construction (7) 
Vehicles right in love and 
sacred in conflict (S.4) 

5 Run south with holiday- 
• maker? (7) 

6 Departed, we hear.with 
odo load in boat (7) 

7 Francs as coin would be 
inappropriate here (3,9) 

10 Barrister unemployed 
since 1952? (5,7) 

15 An alternative to vermi- 
cide? (5,4) 

17 Were any drunk at this 

Six successive league defeats and 
mounting financial problems 
told on Liam Brady yesterday 
when he resigned as manager of 
Second Division Brighton 23 
months after taking charge at 
the Goldstone Ground. 

The former Arsenal and Re- 
public of Ireland midfield play- 
er announced his departure to 
shocked players at training yes- 
terday morning, leaving a club 
£6m in debt and who have sold 
their ground for development 

Brady’s assistant, Gerry 
Ryan, and coach, Jimmy Case, 
will lake charge of the team 
tonight for the FA Cup first- 
round replay with Convey Is- 
land. Case is the favourite to 
take over, having been forced 
to retire as a player last week. 

Wolves' hopes of persuading 
Steve Bruce to become the 
player-manager at Molineux 

ended yesterday when Man- 
chester United refused permis- 
sion for them to speak to their 
35-year-old captain. "Even if his 
contract was up this summer,” 
Bruce's manager, Alex Fergu- 
son, said, ,L we still wouldn’t 
consider releasing him.” 

Andy Pearce, a cult figure 
among Sheffield Wednesday 
supporters, has made a £600,000 
move to Wimbledon. He will 
make his debut against Man- 
chester City tomorrow night. 

City's former manager Brian 
Horton lost a £300,000 claim for 
damages when a Manchester 
court derided he was entitled 
only to the difference between 
his current wage with Hudder- 
sfield and his salary for the two 
years that remained on his con- 
tract when be was dismissed in 
the summer. That figure, around 
£100,000, has been paid by City. 

Blackburn's manager, Ray 
Harford, has dismissed talk of 
a £5m swap deal involving Chris 
Sutton and the Aston Villa de- 

Rangers and SFA set for conflict 


celebration? (3,4) 

IS Condition for volume is 
nothing (7) 

19 Company’s board con- 
trolled Spanish city (7) 

20 Stays on electricity supply 

22 Ascetic's just about king 


Saying little, cast coin into 
French lake (7) 

Going by rube you’d be 
unlikely to cross this? (7) 
A decline in seating, it's 
said (9) 

Church leader in one’s 
very black books? ^5) 

Relations between the Scot- 
tish Football Association and 
Rangers, strained over the 
years, could be further damaged 
with the deliberations of the 
SFA disciplinary committee 
into allegations of misconduct 
at last week’s match between 
Rangers and Aberdeen. 

Although John Rowbotham, 
the referee, took no action his 
supervisor indicated in his re- 
port that Paul Gascoigne should 
have been sent off for an alleged 
head-butt on John Inglis and he 
also suggested John Brown and 

Alan McLaren of Rangers and 
Billy Dodds, Lhe Aberdeen 
striker, be red-carded for a lat- 
er incident involving all three. 

The supervisor suggested be 
was denied a clear view of the 
incident involving Gascoigne, 
but felt a red card would be ap- 
propriate because of the pres- 
ence of intent. The report was 
considered yesterday by the 
disciplinary committee. 

Rangers are unhappy at the 
thought* that a referee supervi- 
sor can sit in judgement on play- 
ers on disciplinary matters 
rather than reporting on the ac- 
tions of the referee. It is also 
thought the Ibrox dub are tin- 

Round the bend: the race leader Carlos Sainz steers through Pundershaw yesterday Photograph: David Ashdown 




on England’s 0 -4 

undercover operations 44 

I ioi 

the Englandt f| 



Rugby Union 


The most recent performance 
of their charges may have been 
distinctly amateurish, but now 
Jack Rowell and the rest of the 

^f^cw^toeTplayeis into the 
professional world. 

The Rugby Football Union 
announced yesterday that Row- 
ell, bis assistant coach, Les Cus- 
worth, and the selector Mike 
Slemen would all be entitled to 
a share oftfae pay-out -expected 

to be in the region of £lJ5m - 
this season to the international 
squad, who made an unimpres- 
sive start to their campaign in 
Saturday's defeat by South 
Africa at Twickenham. 

Rowell welcomed the princi- 
ple behind the move, even 
though it is not about to cause a 
major change in his lifestyle. 
"Money from rugby never inter- 
ested me, and I even gave up my 
career at the start of the year to 
devote the necessary time to this 
job of manager," the former 
chief executive of Golden 
Wonder said. u But now that the 
players are being paid it would 
be anomalous if the men who 
were telling them what to do did 
not also receive something. Some 
of my colleagues were starting to 
become sensitive about iL” 

The players are due to sign 
their contracts shortly, although 
the precise amount each will earn 

will not be revealed by theRFU. . 
“The total outlay, including some 
money for the A team squad, is. 
well over £lm, and approaches 
Tbny Hallett, the RFU 
secretary, said. "But we are not' . 
flaring what each plajfer is to 
earn. There will be a sliding scale . 

based on appearances, bench 
dnty and so on." 

Tbe squad will be called m for 

further training sessions on 28 
November and 5 December in 
the buDd-up to the Western 
Samoa international at Twick- . 
f phwm on 16 December: And ! 
some thing of what awaits them 
can be gleaned from the frosty 
tone RoweD was stffl using about 
the game yesterday- ‘There 
were numerous errors, includ- 
ing knock-ons,” he said “The. 
decision-making was bad and-, 
the kick-offs were deplorable.” 

The RFU has also endorsed . 
the principle that dubs should be 
allowed to issue conditional con- 

tracts to their players to come 
into force at the end of the sea- 
son. They will be activated if — 
or more likely when - the unkm’s 
special meeting in Birmingham . 
on 14 January endorses toe re- 
cent RFU commission’s report 
advocating that the moratorium; 
of payments and the 120-day- 
qualification is scrapped at the 


end of April. 

■ Sir John Hall, the new own- % 
er of Newcastle RFC has been . ; 
appointed tbe first chairman of - 
a pressure group for Second ;; 
Division clubs. 

Warwickshire cut Cgfg 
links with Lara ; 


Warwickshire’s dream liaison 
with Brian Lara is over. They 

parted, apparently forever, yes- 
terday when the county cham- 
pions released the prolific West 
Indian batsman from his three- 
year contract at Edgbaston. 

The 26-year-old left-hander, 
who helped Warwickshire to an 
unprecedented treble in 1994, 
agreed the deal earlier this year 
but asked to be given next sum- 
mer off to rest after his hectic 
schedule. The county reluctantly 
agreed, despite Allan Donald 
taking a job on their coaching 
staff, and have been finked to an- 
other South African pace man, 
Shaun Pollock, for next season. 

Dennis Amiss, Warwickshire's 
chief executive, said the decision : 
followed long talks with Lara. v 
Amiss said: “When he said he : 
didn’t want to play in 1996, we 
could see his side of things. After 
twoyears of non-stop cncket, he 
couldn’t face another season in 
England straight away. I think he 
understood our position for 1997 
ooce Allan Donald had indicated 
that he would be available” 

In 1994, Lara helped War- 
wickshire to the Championship, 
the Benson and Hedges Cup and 
the Sunday League tides. Lara 
ended with 2,066 first-class runs 
- including his world record 
501 against Durham - averaging 
89.92. but was replaced last 
season by Donald, because he 
was touring with the West Indies. 

O Published by Newspaper Publishing PTC. I Canaria Square, Canary Wharf, London E14 
5DL and printed at Minor Colour Print, Si Albans Road, Watford 

TuojJoy Nv*cmbcr IW Rcpstcrcd » ■ newspaper wlih Lhe Pmi Offke 

k-l : r i: 

fender Steve Staunton. “Chris 
still has a big part to play for this 
dub," he said. 

Bony Fry, the Birmingham 
manager, has ordered his 
coaches to stop him running 
down the touchline when a 
goal is scored “That’s their pri- 
ority and if they don't do h then 
I will fine them heavily," said 
Fry, whose team are facing 
repercussions from the brawl 
during last week's Anglo-Italian 


Worth going the 
extra mile for. 

Cup victory over Ancona. 

The Italian team's trainer 

Massimo Cacciatori underwent 
surgery on a broken jaw yes- 
terday and alleges he was set 

upon by Birmingham players 
and officials after the game, 

and officials after the game. 

Reading have transfer-listed 
their Welsh international winger 
Michael Meaker, Newcastle 
have appointed Steve Wicks as 
chief scout and Russell Os- 
man's long-running dispute with 
Bristol City has ended with an 
out-of-court settlement over his 
claim for wrongful dismissal 




tbJ 1ST. .. 

happy at tbe fact that the su- 
pervisor did not have a clear 
view of the Gascoigne incident 

The findings of the discipli- 
nary committee could involve all 
the players mentioned m aking 
appearances before the SFA. 

The whole scenario might 
have been different if the SFA 
allowed video evidence to be tak- 
en into consideration. The 
hroocrisy of that ablation, where 
television is watched by both su- 
pervisors and members of com- 
mittees, could be about to end 
as the disciplinary committee 
hare opened the door for the use 
of such evidence to be taken into 
consideration in future. 

: TiT^r-;. • 

'C c-"- ■